Genetic / DNA immunization represents a novel approach to vaccine and immune therapeutic development. The direct injec tion of nucleic acid expression cassettes into a living host results in a limited number of its cells becoming factories for production of the introduced gene products. This host-inappropriate gene expression has important immunological consequences, resulting in the specific immune activation of the host against the gene delivered antigen. The recent demonstration by a number of laboratories that the induced immune responses are functional in experimental models against both specific infectious diseases and cancers is likely to have dramatic consequences for the develop ment of a new generation of experimental vaccines and immune therapies. This technology has the potential to enable the pro duction of vaccines and immune-based therapies that are not only effective immunologically but are accessible to the entire world (rather than just to the most developed nations). Vaccine Development Vaccination against pathogenic microorganisms represents one of the most important advances in the history of medicine. Vaccines, including those against polio, measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, pertussis and other diseases, have dramatically improved and protected more human lives than any other avenue of modern medicine. The vaccine against smallpox, for example, has been so successful that it is now widely believed that this malicious killer, responsible for more deaths in the twentieth century than World Wars I and II combined, has been removed from the face of the earth.
- Enables the reader to understand how to apply important emerging technology to a new generation of vaccines and therapies
List of Contents.- DNA Vaccine Strategies for the Treatment of Cancer.- Vaccination Against Pathogenic Cells by DNA Inoculation.- DNA Vaccination as an Approach to Malaria Control: Current Status and Strategies.- DNA-Based Immunization Against Hepatitis B: Experience with Animal Models.- DNA Vaccines and Immunity to Herpes Simplex Virus.- Humoral and Cellular Immune Responses to Herpes Simplex Virus-2 Glycoprotein D Generated by Facilitated DNA Immunization of Mice.- Nucleic Acid Vaccines: Veterinary Applications.- Nucleic Acid-Based Vaccines as an Approach to Immunization Against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1.- Human Immunodeficiency Virus Immunotherapy Using a Retroviral Vector.- Developing DNA Vaccines Against Immunodeficiency Viruses.- DNA Plasmid Based Vaccination Against the Oncogenic Human T Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1.