Nutrients play a significant role in brain development throughout fetal and postnatal life. This book reviews the evidence from animal and human research, highlighting the influence of specific nutrients on brain function and cognitive development. With a unique, integrative approach to the nutritional, environmental, and genetic influences on brain development, the book examines issues such as single versus multiple limiting nutrients, critical periods of deficiency, and the impact of the child-parent relationship on the architecture of the developing brain. The effect of undernutrition on the developing brain of infants and young children can be devastating and enduring. It can impede behavioural and cognitive development and educability, thereby undermining future work productivity. Chapter authors are experts in this field of research and provide an up-to-date insight into the role of the individual nutrients in brain development and function.
Nutritional and Environmental Influences on Brain Development: Critical Periods of Brain Development, Pathways, and Mechanisms of Effect Bryan Kolb, Celeste Halliwell, and Robbin Gibb Macronutrient Deprivation: Biological Mechanisms and Effects on Early Neurodevelopment Jenalee Doom and Michael K. Georgieff Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Influence on the Developing Brain Lotte Lauritzen, Laurine B.S. Harslof, Louise B. Sorensen, and Camilla T. Damsgaard The Antioxidant Vitamins A, C, and E and the Developing Brain Stephanie A. Dillon and Heather Ohly The Influence of the B Vitamins and Choline on the Developing Brain Victoria Hall Moran Iron and the Developing Brain Harry J. McArdle, Michael K. Georgieff, and William D. Rees Zinc in the Developing Brain Andreas M. Grabrucker Iodine and Brain Development Sheila A. Skeaff and Shao J. Zhou Copper and Selenium and the Developing Brain Nicola M. Lowe Nutrient Interactions and Multiple-Micronutrient Supplementation Parul Christian and Laura E. Murray-Kolb Early Brain Development: Influence of Integrated Nutrition, Child Development, and Environmental Factors Maureen M. Black and Jennifer M. Reid