The 4th International Symposium on Women's Health and Menopause, organized by the Giovanni Lorenzini Medical Foundation (Milan, Italy and Houston, Texas) focused on the new strategies to improve the quality of life of post-menopausal women. This volume illustrates the findings of this conference and includes information on the age-related degenerative processes occurring after menopause including cardiovascular disease, cancer, fractures and dementia.
Preface. List of Contributors. XVI Lorenzini Annual Lecture. Estrogen Receptor beta - A Multifaceted Player; J.-A. Gustafsson. XVII Lorenzini Annual Lecture. Andropause at the Beginning of the New Century: A Few Remarks on Hormones and Aging of Men; E.-E. Baulieu. Bone and Joints. 1. Mechanisms of Estrogen Regulation of Bone Turnover and Bone Mass; B.L. Riggs. 2. Genetics of Osteoporosis; L. Gennari, et al. 3. The Intrauterine Programming of Osteoporosis; C. Cooper, et al. 4. The Role of Menopause in Bone and Joint Health: Implications for Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis; M.F. Sowers. Osteoporosis Prevention Utilizing Novel Compounds. 5. Novel Compounds Acting Through Receptors and Enzyme Mediators; T.M. Penning. 6. Tibolone Is Effective in Preventing Postmenopausal Bone Loss; J.C. Gallagher. Immune System and Inflammation. 7. Sex Hormones and the Immune System: Implications for Menopause and Autoimmunity; G. Mor. Hormone Replacement Therapy. 8. Routes of HRT Administration. When to Use Oral Or Transdermal Administration; G. Samsioe. 9. The Role of Antiandrogens in Peri- and Postmenopausal HRT; H.P.G. Schneider. Sex Steroids and Reproduction. 10. Sex Steroid-Sensitive Reproductive Tissues in Women During Reproduction and Menopause; F. Naftolin, et al. Cardiovascular Disease. 11. Does Menopause Increase the Incidence of Coronary Heart Disease? Y.T. van der Schouw. 12. Reducing Cardiovascular Risk in Postmenopausal Women: Estrogen or Statins? R.O. Cannon. 13. Effects of Estrogen Replacement in Women with Coronary Disease; D.M. Herrington, K.P. Klein. HRT and Cardiovascular Disease: A New Approach. 14. Recent Findings in Cardiovascular Disease; R.A. Lobo. 15. Hormone Replacement and Cardiovascular Disease; K.C. Johnson. 16. The Role of Potassium; P. Kowey. 17. Aldosterone-Receptor Blocking Agents; B. Pitt. 18. Progestogens: New Approaches; R.A. Lobo. Cancer. 19. Aromatase, Nuclear Receptors, Adipose Tissue, And Breast Cancer; E.R. Simpson, et al. 20. Environmental Factors Related to Cancers in Postmenopausal Women; L.A. Brinton. 21. Growth Factors and Cancer &endash; The Role of Insulin-Like Growth Factors; H. Yu. 22. Postmenopausal Hormone Use and Endometrial Cancer: Reassessment of the Epidemiological Data; G.A. van Unnik, et al. 23. Hormone Replacement Therapy and Breast Cancer: Still More ore Questions Than Answers; S. Love. 24. Hormonal Approach to Breast Cancer Prevention and Treatment; J. Russo, I.H. Russo. Emerging Directions in Menopause Management: Lowering HRT Doses. 25. Healthy Postmenopausal Women Receiving HRT Are Not a Risk for Early Coronary Events: Results from 2 Large Clinical Trials; G.D. Constantine, et al. 26. Oral Contraceptive Use and Risk of Low Bone Density in Women Attending Menopause Clinics in Italy; C. Donati Sarti, et al. Stress Incontinence. 27. Less Invasive Surgery in Stress Incontinence; J. Bidmead, L. Cardozo. Central Nervous System and Mood Disorders. 28. An Overvi