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Dictionary of Rheumatology
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Main description:

Rheumatic Diseases and Osteoporosis are very common diseases. Recently the prevalence of Arthritis among American citizens is documented with 20%. This dictionary provides a comprehensive list of common terms and definitions in clinical rheumatology and osteology. It contains systematical descriptions selected from diseases of the locomotor apparatus, including osteoporosis, and important laboratory findings with special reference to the immunological parameters, which are essential for a correct definition of rheumatologic disorders. Another focus is placed on general principles of the pharmacological treatment, including Biologicals and modern therapy. The book also provides information about the individual disorders from the field of mineral metabolism and metabolic osteopathy’s, and covers basic issues of rheumatic surgery as well as general entries from the fields of physical medicine and physiotherapy, including a system of functional assessment.


Comprehensive list of common terms and definitions in clinical rheumatology and osteology

Quick overview to relevant clinical aspects of diagnosis and therapy

Contains general principles of the pharmacological treatment


A.- ?1-antitrypsin.- ?-fetoprotein.- ?1-microglobulin (?1M).- ?2-macroglobulin (?2M).- Abatacept.- Abduction.- Achilles tendon.- Achillodynia.- Achondroplasia and hypochondroplasia.- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.- ACR classification criteria for diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis 1987.- Action potential.- Acupuncture (AC).- Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet’s syndrome).- Acute phase proteins (APPs).- Acute phase reactants.- Acute prolapse of cervical intervertebral disc.- Acute shoulder pain.- Adduction.- Adenosine deaminase (ADA).- Adhesion.- Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder).- Adhesive molecules.- Adjuvant.- Adson’s test.- Agammaglobulinaemia.- Agonist.- Albers-Schönberg Disease.- Alendronate.- Alexander technique.- Algodystrophic syndrome (ADS).- Algometry (evaluation of pain threshold).- Alkalising agents.- Alkaptonuria and ochronosis.- Allodynia.- Allopurinol.- Alphacalcidol.- Amyloid.- Anabolic steroids.- Anaesthesia dolorosa.- Analgesia.- ANCA.- Ankylosing hyperostosis.- Ankylosing spondylitis (AS; Bechterev’s disease).- Anorexia nervosa.- Antibodies.- Antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (Anti-CCP antibodies; anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies, ACPA).- Antibodies against Ku antigen.- Antibodies against U1RNP and Sm antigen.- Anticardiolipin antibodies.- Anticentromere antibodies.- Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA).- Anti-dsDNA antibodies.- Antigen presentation.- Antigen targets of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in the cell (antibodies against intranuclear antigens).- Antihistone antibodies and antinucleosome antibodies.- Anti-idiotypic antibodies.- Anti-immunoglobulin antibodies.- Anti-Jo-1 antibodies.- Anti-La antibodies.- Antimalarial drugs.- Anti-Mi-2.- Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies.- Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA).- Anti-PCNA/cyclin antibodies (proliferating cell nuclear antigen).- Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS).- Anti-Ro antibodies.- Anti-SRP antibodies.- Anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies.- Anti-SSB/La antibodies.- Antisynthetase syndrome.- Apoptosis.- APS.- ARA Diagnostic criteria of SLE.- Arachidonic acid.- Arthritis associated with erythema nodosum in the course of infection.- Arthritis impact measurement scale (AIMS).- Arthritis in brucellosis.- Arthritis in chronic sarcoidosis.- Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita.- Arthropathy in the course of inflammatory bowel diseases.- Arthropathy in ochronosis.- Arthropathy in thyroid disease.- Arthroscopic joint washout and cartilage.- Articular cartilage.- Aseptic necrosis of the navicular bone.- Atopic reactions.- Atrophy.- Auranofin.- Auto-antibodies.- Auto-antibodies assessed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)—other.- Autoimmune diseases.- Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia.- Autoimmune hepatitis.- Autoimmune neutropenia.- Autoimmunity.- Autonomic nervous system (ANS).- Autotolerance.- Avascular necrosis of the lunate bone.- Axon.- Azathioprine.- B.- Baker’s cyst.- Ballottement of the patella.- Balneophototherapy.- Balneotherapy (BT).- Bare lymphocytes syndrome.- Barthel’s index.- Bartter’s syndrome.- Basilar impression.- Bassett’s current.- Bath ankylosing spondylitis indices (BAS-indices).- Bechterev’s disease.- Behçet’s disease.- Beighton criteria.- Beighton-Horan score.- Bence-Jones proteins (BJ-proteins).- Bicipital Tendinitis.- Bisphosphonates.- Bioengineering technologies.- Biolamp — bioptrone lamp.- Biologic drugs (BD).- Bioptrone lamp.- Birefringence (Double refraction).- Polarisation of light through birefringence.- Bobath method.- Body mass index (BMI).- Bone and Joint Decade — 2000–2010.- Bone Densitometry.- Bone Mineral Density Measurement - evaluation.- Bone Mineral Density Measurement - indications.- Bone Mineral Density Measurement - individual areas.- Bone Mineral Density Measurement - least significant change (LSC).- Bone Mineral Density Measurement - measurement errors.- Bone Mineral Density Measurement - repeat.- Bone Mineral Density (BMD) Scans.- Bone remodelling.- Bone scan.- Bone (skeletal) Scintigraphy.- Bone specific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase.- Bouchard’s nodes.- Bragard’s sign.- Brittle Bone Disease.- Brodie abscess.- Brunkow’s method.- Bursae.- Bursitis — iliopectineal bursitis.- Bursitis — ischiogluteal bursitis.- Bursitis — olecranon bursitis.- Bursitis — subacromial (subdeltoid) bursitis.- Bursitis — trochanteric bursitis.- C.- C1.- C1-inhibitor.- C2.- C3.- C3a receptor.- C3-convertases.- C4.- C4bp.- C5.- C5a receptor.- C6.- C7.- C8.- C9.- Calcaneal Spur.- Calcific Tendinitis.- Calcifying tendinopathies, enthesopathies and periarthritis.- Calcineurin.- Calcitonin.- Calcitriol.- Calcium oxalate calcification.- Calcium requirements in diet.- Calcium-Sensing Receptor (CaSR).- Caplan’s syndrome.- Capsular pattern.- Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).- Caspases.- CaSR (Calcium sensing receptor) modulators.- Cauda Equina syndrome (CES).- Causalgia.- CD (cluster of differentiation).- CD2 (LFA-2).- CD3.- CD4.- CD5.- CD8.- CD11.- CD15.- CD16.- CD19.- CD20.- CD21.- CD22.- CD25.- CD28.- CD31.- CD35.- CD40.- CD44.- CD45.- CD46.- CD50.- CD54.- CD55.- CD56.- CD58.- CD62.- CD64.- CD66.- CD72.- CD79.- CD80.- CD88.- CD102.- CD106.- CD115.- CD116.- CD117.- CD119.- CD120.- CD121.- CD122.- CD124.- CD125.- CD128.- CDR.- CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen).- CentiMorgan (cM).- Certolizumab.- Chaining of functional defects.- Charcot’s joint (neuropathic arthropathy).- Chemokines.- Chemotactic factors.- Chemotaxis.- Chimeric antibodies.- Chloroquine.- Cholinergic crisis.- Chondrocalcinosis (CCA; chondrocalcinosis articularis).- Chondroitin sulphate.- Chondromatosis.- Christmas disease.- Chromatography.- Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).- Chronic hepatitis.- Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS).- CINCA syndrome.- CJD.- Clinical examination algorithm in rheumatology.- Club foot (pes equinovarus).- Cluster of differentiation.- Codmann’s exercises.- Coeliac disease (Sprue).- COL1A1 gene polymorphism.- Collagen type II defects.- Colony-stimulating growth factors.- Combination Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug (DMARD) therapy.- Combined B- and T-cell deficiency.- Complement (C).- Complement — biological activities.- Complement — genetics.- Complement (MAC).- Complement receptors.- Complex BT.- Complex regional pain syndrome of the shoulder (CRPS; humeroscapular periarthropathy; painful shoulder).- Complotypes.- Computed Axial Tomography.- Computed Tomography (CT; Computed Axial Tomography, CAT scan).- Conglutinin.- Conventional antibodies.- Convertases.- Corticosteroid-induced Osteoporosis.- Costochondritis.- COX-1 inhibitors.- COX-2 inhibitors.- Coxa saltans (snapping hip syndrome).- C-reactive protein (CRP).- Crepitus.- CREST (Calcinosis, Raynaud Esophagus, Sclerodactyly, Telangiectasiae) syndrome.- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).- Crosslinked telopeptides of type I collagen.- Crow-Fukase-Takatsuki syndrome.- Cryoglobulins.- Crystalline-induced arthropathy.- CTX.- Cyclooxygenase.- Cyclophosphamide.- Cyclosporin (Ciclosporin) (CyA).- Cyriax method.- Cytokines.- Cytophilic antibodies.- Cytotaxins.- Cytotoxic antibodies.- D.- Dactylitis.- DAS 28 (disease activity score based on a 28 joint assessment).- de Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis.- Defect of vitamin D metabolism.- Deficiency of C1-inhibitor.- Deficiency of complement.- Deficiency of IgA, selective.- Deficiency of phagocytosis.- Deformities.- Dendrites.- Depo-medrone (Methylprednisolone).- Dermatomyositis.- DEXA.- Diabetes mellitus.- Diacerein.- Diadynamic currents (Bernard).- Dialysis associated osteoarthropathy.- Diathermy.- Diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc).- Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH; ankylosing hyperostosis; Forestier’s disease).- Digitus rigidus.- DIL.- Disability.- Disease-Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs).- Diseases causing diffuse oedema.- DISH.- DMARDs.- DNA antibodies.- DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid).- Dougados functional index.- Dougados’ system of assessment of SpondyloArthritis (SpA).- Down’s syndrome.- D-penicillamine.- Drug-induced Lupus.- Drug induced muscular diseases.- Drug-induced Osteoporosis.- DXA — Morphometric lateral scans.- Dynamic aerobic exercise.- Dysesthesia.- Dystrophia musculorum progressiva.- E.- Early T lymphocyte activator 1.- Ehlers-Danlos’ Syndrome (EDS).- Eiselsberg’s phenomenon.- Electromyography (EMG).- Electrotherapy.- ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay).- Enteropathic arthritis (EA).- Eosinophilic fasciitis (Shulman’s Syndrome).- Epicondylitis humeri.- Epitheses.- Ergometry (bicycle, winch, treadmill).- Ergotherapy.- Erosive osteoarthritis.- Erythema nodosum (EN).- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR).- Erythromelalgia.- ESR.- Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia (EMC).- Etanercept.- Euro Quol questionnaire.- Eutony method.- Exercising Classification according to target and effect.- Exercise techniques.- Extra-articular rheumatism (extraarticular rheumatism; rheumatism of soft tissues.- F.- Fab fragment.- F(ab)2 fragment.- Fabry’s disease.- FACS (Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter).- Factor P.- Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia.- Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).- Farber’s disease.- Farnesyl diphosphate synthetase (FPPS).- Fc fragment.- Fc-receptors.- Feldenkrais technique.- Felty’s syndrome.- Fever.- Fibroblast growth factors (FGF).- Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.- Fibromyalgia (FM).- Fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ).- Fibrous dysplasia.- Flatfoot (pes planus).- Fluorides.- FMF.- Foreign-body induced arthritis.- Forestier’s Disease.- Frozen shoulder.- Functional muscle chains.- G.- Galvanisation.- Gamma/delta T-lymphocytes.- Gammaglobulins.- Gammopathy.- Gate control theory of pain.- Gaucher’s disease.- Gene.- Generalised nodal osteoarthritis (GNOA).- Genome.- Genu recurvatum (backward curvature of the knee).- Genu valgum (knock kneed).- Genu varum (bowleggedness).- Gestagens.- Giant Cell Arteritis.- Glandular fever.- Glomerulonephritis (GN).- Glucocorticoids.- Glucosamine sulphate (GS).- Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.- Glycoproteins.- Glycosylation.- Gm allotypes.- Gold salts.- Goniometry.- Goodpasture’s syndrome.- Gottron’s sign.- Gout (gouty arthritis).- Granulocytopenia.- Granulocytes.- Granuloma.- Granzymes.- Growth factors.- Growth hormone.- H.- Haemochromatosis (HMCH).- Haemoglobinopathies and involvement of the locomotor organs.- Haemophilia.- Haemophilic arthropathy.- Hallux rigidus (Stiff big toe).- Hallux valgus.- Hammer toe.- Hand silhouette.- Handicap.- Hauffe’s bath.- HBeAg.- HBsAg.- Head’s zones.- Health assessment questionnaire (HAQ).- Health status measurements.- Heat shock proteins (HSP).- Heberden’s nodes.- Henoch-Schönlein purpura.- Hepatitis.- Heterobispecific antibodies.- Heterocytotropic antibodies.- Hippotherapy.- HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).- HLA.- HLA complex.- Homocystinuria.- Homocytotropic antibodies.- Hormonal effects.- Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT).- Hormones of the thymus.- 5-HPETE.- HSP.- Hubbard’s tank.- Hughes syndrome.- Human leukocyte antigens.- Humanised antibodies.- Hungry bone syndrome.- Hunter’s disease.- Hurler’s disease.- Hyaline cartilage.- Hyaluronic acid.- Hydrocortisone.- Hydrops articulorum intermittens (intermittent hydrops of the joint).- Hydrotherapy.- Hydroxychloroquine.- Hydroxyproline.- Hyperaesthesia.- Hyperalgesia.- Hyperalgesic zones (HAZ).- Hypergammaglobulinemia.- Hyperkinesis.- Hyperlipidaemias.- Hypermobility syndrome (HMS).- Hypermobility test 2 (according to Janda).- Hyperostosis.- Hyperpathy.- Hyperphosphatasia.- Hyperphosphataemia.- Hypersensitive reactions.- Hyperuricaemia.- Hypoalgesia.- Hypochondroplasia.- Hypoesthesia.- Hypogonadism.- Hypomagnesaemia.- Hypoparathyroidism.- Hypophosphatasia.- Hypoxaemic reperfusion (hypoxic reperfusion oxidative injury) inducing joint damage.- I.- Ibandronate.- ICAM.- ICF.- Idiopathic infantile hypercalcaemia.- Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM).- Idiotope.- Idiotype.- IgA.- IgD.- IgE.- IGF.- IgG.- IgM.- IL-1 to 18.- IL-1R.- IL-1RA.- Immune complexes.- Immune system (IS).- Immunity.- Immunity — cellular immunity.- Immunity — humoral immunity.- Immunity — non-specific immunity.- Immunity — specific immunity.- Immunity — transplantation immunity.- Immunoadherence.- Immunoadherent receptors.- Immunoadsorbent.- Immunoassay, chemiluminescence.- Immunoassay, enzymatic.- Immunoassay, fluorescence.- Immunoassay, particle-enhanced.- Immunoassay, radioisotope.- Immunblotting.- Immunocompetence.- Immunodeficiency.- Immunodiffusion.- Immunoelectrophoresis.- Immunofixation.- Immunofluorescence.- Immunogenetics.- Immunoglobulin deficiency.- Immunoglobulin, normal human.- Immunoglobulin superfamily.- Immunoglobulins (Ig).- Immunoglobulins — chains.- Immunoglobulins — classes.- Immunoglobulins — effector functions.- Immunoglobulins — genetics.- Immunoglobulins — hypervariable regions.- Immunoglobulins — idiotypes.- Immunoglobulins — isotypes.- Immunoglobulins — J chain.- Immunoglobulins — modules.- Immunoglobulins — molecule fragments.- Immunoglobulins, monoclonal.- Immunoglobulins, myeloma.- Immunoglobulins — secretory component (SC).- Immunoglobulins — subclasses.- Immunoglobulins — therapeutic preparations.- Immunohormones.- Immunological tolerance.- Immunomodulation.- Immunomodulation therapy.- Immunopathology.- Immunophilins.- Immunopotency.- Immunopotentiation.- Immunoprecipitation.- Immunoprophylaxis.- Immunoradiometry.- Immunostimulation.- Immunosuppression.- Immunotherapy.- Immunotoxicology.- Immunotoxins.- Impairment.- Impingement syndrome of the shoulder.- Impulse waves.- Incisura scapulae syndrome.- Infectious mononucleosis.- Inflammation.- Inflammatory bowel diseases.- Infliximab (Remicade).- Infrared radiation.- Inherited complete heart block.- Instruments of assessing (health status measurements, outcome measurement).- Insulin.- Insulin-like growth factor (IGF).- INT Test.- Integrins.- Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM).- Intercellular substance of cartilage matrix.- Intergrins.- Interferential currents (IC).- Interferon alpha (IFN-?).- Interferon beta (IFN-?).- Interferon gamma (IFN-?).- Interferon omega (IFN-?).- Interferons.- Interleukin 1 (IL-1).- Interleukin 2 (IL-2).- Interleukin 3 (IL-3).- Interleukin 4 (IL-4).- Interleukin 5 (IL-5).- Interleukin 6 (IL-6).- Interleukin 7 (IL-7).- Interleukin 8 (IL-8).- Interleukin 9 (IL-9).- Interleukin 10 (IL-10).- Interleukin 11 (IL-11).- Interleukin 12 (IL-12).- Interleukin 13 (IL-13).- Interleukin 14 (IL-14).- Interleukin 15 (IL-15).- Interleukin 16 (IL-16).- Interleukin 17 (IL-17).- Interleukin 18 (IL-18).- Interleukins.- Intermittent hydrarthrosis of the joints (hydrops articulorum intermittens).- International classification of functioning (ICF).- Intraarticular glucocorticoid treatment.- Intraarticular treatment.- Iontophoresis.- Ir genes (immune response genes).- Isolated vasculitis of the central nervous system (CNS).- J.- Janda hypermobility test.- Jansen type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia.- Joint.- Joint and periarticular structures.- Joint involvement in syphilis.- Joint play.- Joint Prosthesis.- Joint protection.- Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis.- Juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA).- Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM).- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).- Juvenile Osteoporosis.- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA).- Juvenile sclerosis.- Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus.- K.- Kallikrein.- Kaltenborn method.- Kawasaki disease (KD).- Kegel exercise.- Kenalog (Triamcinalone).- Kibler’s fold.- Kienbock’s disease.- Kinesiology.- Kinesiotherapy.- Kininases.- Köhler’s disease.- Köhler’s disease.- König’s disease.- Krause-Weber’s test.- Ku antigen.- L.- Laboratory indicators of the bone turnover.- Lactoferrin.- LAK cells.- Lambert-Eaton Syndrome.- Laminin.- Large granular lymphocytes.- Laser (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) therapy (LT).- Lazy leukocyte syndrome.- LcSSc.- LE cells.- Lectins.- Leflunomide.- Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.- Lequesne’s algofunctional test and assessment of the severity of hip joint impairment.- Lesion of the accessory nerve.- Lesion of the axillary nerve.- Lesion of the long thoracic nerve.- Lesions and ruptures of the humerus rotator.- Leukocytes.- Leukocyte granules.- Leukocytopenia (leukopenia).- Leukocytosis.- Leukopenia.- Leukotrienes (LT).- LFA-1 (lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1).- LFA-3.- LGL (large granular lymphocytes).- Licofelone.- Likert 5-degree scale.- Limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc).- Limiting factors of rehabilitation.- Local factors.- Localised Osteoporosis.- Looser zones.- Lower limb length.- Lupus anticoagulants.- Lupus — drug induced.- Lyme borreliosis (LB, Lyme disease).- Lyme disease.- Lymphocytes.- Lymphocytes — circulation.- Lymphoid organs.- Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG).- Lymphotoxin (LT).- Lysosomes.- Lysozyme.- M.- Mab.- Macrophages.- Magnesium (Mg).- Magnetic Resonance Imaging.- Magnetic therapy.- Major histocompatibility complex (MHC).- Mantoux test.- Marfan’s syndrome.- Markers of osteoformation.- Markers of osteoresorption.- Maroteaux-Lamy disease.- Massage.- Mast Cells.- M-cells.- McCune-Albright syndrome.- McMaster Toronto arthritis patient preference disability index (MACTAR).- MCTD.- Mechanical therapy.- Melsack’s questionnaire.- Membrane immunoglobulin.- Mesna.- Methotrexate.- Methotrexate as a component of DMARDs combination treatment (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs).- Methylprednisolone.- Metric measurement of vertebral column in spondyloarthritis (SpA).- MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance).- MHC.- Microfold cells.- Microscopic polyangiitis.- Microscopic polyarteritis.- Migration.- Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD).- MLC (mixed-lymphocyte culture).- MLC Test.- Monoclonal antibodies (Mab).- Monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance.- Monocyte.- Monokines.- Mononuclear phagocyte system.- Morquio-Brailsford’s disease.- Morton’s metatarsalgia.- MOS-SF — medical outcome study — short form 36.- Movement.- M-protein.- Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.- Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IH (Hurler’s disease).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IS (Scheie’s disease).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II (Hunter’s disease).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III (Sanfilippo’s disease).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IV (Morquio-Brailsford’s disease syndrome).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI (Maroteaux-Lamy disease).- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII (Sly’s disease).- Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis.- Multiple myeloma.- Muscle activation.- Muscle atrophy.- Muscle contracture.- Muscle disequilibrium.- Muscle hypertonia.- Muscle hypotonia.- Muscle spindle.- Muscle strength.- Muscle synkinesis.- Muscle testing.- Muscle tone (tonus).- Muscle weakness.- Muscles.- Musculoskeletal complication in rare inherited haemorrhagic diatheses.- Musculoskeletal manifestations of sarcoidosis.- Musculoskeletal symptoms in parasitic diseases.- Musculoskeletal symptoms in primary hyperlipidaemias.- Musculoskeletal symptoms in scurvy.- Mutation.- Myasthenia gravis.- Myasthenic crisis.- Myasthenic crisis.- Mycobacterial, mycotic and parasitic infections of musculoskeletal system.- Mycotic arthritis.- Myeloperoxidase (MPO).- Myeloperoxidase system.- Myocrisin.- Myofibrils.- Myoglobin.- Myositis.- Myositis ossificans progressive.- Myotonia.- N.- Nailfold Capillaroscopy.- Naive lymphocytes.- Necrosis.- Necrosis of tibial tuberosity of the femur in children.- Negative thermal therapy.- Neonatal Lupus.- Neopterin.- Nerve.- Nervous system.- Neuralgia.- Neurogenic pain.- Neuron.- Neuropathic arthropathy.- Neuropathic pain.- Neurotransmitters.- Neutrophils.- Neutrophilic dermatoses.- Nitric oxide (NO).- NO synthase (nitric oxide synthase, NOS).- Nociception.- Nociceptive pain.- Non-inflammatory myopathies.- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).- Non-steroidal anti-iflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — advice for treatment in rheumatic disease.- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — classification.- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — clinical effect and indication.- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — common properties.- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — mechanisms of action.- Nottingham health profile.- NSAIDs.- NTX.- Nuclear factors.- Nuclear Scintigraphy of the skeleton (bone scintigraphy or bone scan).- NZB/NZW mice (New Zealand black/New Zealand white mice).- O.- Ochronosis.- Oestrogens.- Orthoses.- Orthopaedic shoes.- Orthopaedic shoe inserts.- Oscar (OsteoClastS-Associated Receptor).- Osgood-Schlatter disease.- Osteitis deformans.- Osteoarthritis (OA).- Osteoarthritis — hands (Heberden and Bouchard type).- Osteoarthritis (OA) of the first carpometacarpal (CMC) joint (Rhizarthrosis).- Osteoarthritis (OA) — pharmacological treatment.- Osteoarthritis — primary generalised nodal osteoarthritis (GNOA).- Osteoarthritis (OA) — surgical treatment.- Osteoblasts.- Osteocalcin.- Osteochondritis dissecans.- Osteoclasts.- OsteoClastS-Associated Receptor.- Osteocytes.- Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI).- Osteokines in Osteoporosis.- Osteomalacia.- Osteomyelitis.- Osteonecrosis (ON).- Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ).- Osteopathies — Laboratory investigations.- Osteopetrosis.- Osteopontin (OPN).- Osteoporosis (OP).- Osteoporosis—Definition.- Osteoporosis—Diagnosis.- Osteoporosis—Epidemiology.- Osteoporosis—Fracture risk estimation.- Osteoporosis — Genetic factors.- Osteoporosis in men.- Osteoporosis (OP) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).- Osteoporosis—Indications for treatment.- Osteoporosis—Medical treatments.- Osteoporosis—Non-medical treatment Nutritional factors.- Osteoporosis—Physical examination.- Osteoporosis — Prevention of Fractures.- Osteoporosis — Risk factors.- Osteoporosis Risk factors — modifiable.- Osteoporosis Risk factors — unmodifiable.- Osteoprotegerin (OPG).- Ott’s sign.- Overall status in rheumatoid arthritis (OSRA).- Overlap syndromes.- P.- Paget’s disease.- Paget-Schroetter syndrome.- Pain.- Painful arc.- Palindromic rheumatism.- Panniculitis.- Panniculosis.- Pannus.- Paracetamol.- Paraesthesia.- Paraffin Wax.- Paraproteins.- Parathormone.- Parathormone Drug -Teriparatide.- Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria.- Parvo virus arthritis.- Pathergy phenomenon.- Pauciarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis.- PCR (polymerase chain reaction).- PEG.- Peptide fragments of collagen type I (NTX, CTX).- Perforins.- Peripheral Quantitative Computerised Tomography (pQCT).- Personage-Turner syndrome.- Perthes Disease.- Pes equinus.- Pes excavatum (cavus).- Pes varus.- PET.- Pfeiffer’s disease.- 1.- Phalen’s test.- Pharmacorehabilitation.- Phosphate.- Phosphorus.- Physiatrics.- Physiotherapy — forms.- PICP (procollagen I carboxyterminal propeptide).- Pigmented villonodular synovitis.- Pilates technique.- PINP (procollagen I N-terminal propeptide).- Piper fatigue scale (PFS).- Plantar fasciitis.- Plantogram.- Plasmocytoma and its musculoskeletal symptoms (MM; multiple myeloma).- Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF).- Plyometric exercises.- Podiatry.- Podogram.- POEMS syndrome.- Polarised light.- Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN).- Polyarthralgias.- Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis.- Polychondritis.- Polymerase chain reaction.- Polymorphism.- Polymorphonuclear leukocytes.- Polymyalgia rheumatica.- Polymyositis.- Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.- Poncet’s disease.- Popliteal cyst.- Positioning.- Positron emission tomography (PET).- Post-dysenteric arthritis.- Post-isometric relaxation.- Postmenopausal Osteoporosis (type I).- Postmenopausal Osteoporosis - treatment guidelines.- Post-Salmonella reactive arthritis.- Post-vaccination arthritis.- Post-Yersinia reactive arthritis.- Prednisolone.- Priessnitz compress.- Primary immunodeficiency.- Primary hyperparathyroidism.- Prion.- Procollagen peptides.- Progressive osseous heteroplasia.- Progressive type of myositis ossificans (myositis ossificans progressiva).- Prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc.- Proliferating cell nuclear antigen.- Properdin.- Prostacyclin.- Prostaglandins.- Prosthesis.- Proteases.- Proteasome.- Protein A.- Protrusion of intervertebral disc.- Pseudo-Felty’s syndrome.- Pseudogout.- Pseudohypoparathyroidism.- Psoriatic arthritis (PsA).- Psychogenic pain.- Purine analogues.- Pyoderma gangrenosum.- Q.- Quantitative Computerised Tomography (QCT).- Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS).- R.- Radiography.- Radioimmunoassay.- Radioimmunoelectrophoresis.- Radioimmunoscintigraphy.- RANK (receptor-activator of nuclear factor ?-B).- RANKL (receptor-activator of nuclear factor ?-B ligand).- Rapamycin.- Rapid assessment of disease activity in rheumatology (RADAR).- Raynaud’s phenomenon (RP).- Reactive arthritis (ReA).- Reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI).- Reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI).- Receptor.- Receptor-activator of nuclear factor ?-B.- Receptor-activator of nuclear factor ?-B ligand.- Referred pain.- Reflex.- Reflex sympathetic dystrophy.- Reflexive massage.- Reflex arc.- Rehabilitation methods.- Relapsing polychondritis.- Relaxation.- Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting oedema).- Reverse transcriptase.- Rhesus blood group system.- Rheumatic fever.- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—aetiopathogenesis.- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) — classification criteria.- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) — clinical symptoms.- Rheumatoid arthritis disease activity index (RADAI).- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) — extra-articular symptoms.- Rheumatoid arthritis pain scale (RASP).- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) — pathological anatomy.- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) — remission criteria (according to American College of Rheumatology; ACR).- Rheumatoid factors (RF).- Rheumatoid nodules.- Rheumatoid pneumoconiosis (Caplan’s syndrome).- Rheumatoid-surgical treatment.- Rheumatological rehabilitation.- Rhizarthrosis.- Rickets.- Risedronate.- Rolf technique.- Rubella-associated arthritis.- S.- Sacroiliac block (SI block).- Sanfilippo’s disease.- SAPHO syndrome.- SARA.- Sarcoidosis.- Sausage toe.- Scheie’s disease.- Scheuermann’s disease.- Schmid’s dysplasia.- Schmorl’s nodes.- Schober’s test.- Schober’s test modified.- SCID.- SCID mice (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency mice).- Sclerosteosis.- Sclerostin (SOST).- Scoliosis.- Scurvy.- Secondary gout.- Secondary hyperparathyroidism.- Secondary Osteoporosis.- Secondary Osteoporosis — classification.- Selectins.- Selective Oestrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM).- Semiquantitative assessment of vertebral deformities.- Senile shoulder.- Senile Osteoporosis (type II).- Septic arthritis.- Serm.- Seronegative spondyloarthritis.- Serum amyloid A (SAA).- Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).- Sexually acquired reactive arthritis (SARA).- Sharp score.- Shock.- Shoulder-hand syndrome.- Shulman’s syndrome.- Sickness impact profile (SIP).- Signals of functional impairment (SOFI).- Silicone synovitis.- Sjögren’s syndrome (SjS).- Skin test.- SLE.- Sly’s disease.- Sm antigen.- Snapping hip syndrome.- Somatic pain.- SOST.- Spasticity.- Specific features of rheumatological rehabilitation.- Spinal canal stenosis.- Spondyloarthitis.- SRS-A.- SSA.- SSc.- Statins on bone metabolism.- Still’s disease.- Streptolysin O.- Stress proteins.- Strontium renelate.- Structural components of joints.- Substance P.- Sudeck’s atrophy.- Sulfasalazine (SSZ).- Sulphasalazine.- Superantibodies.- Superantigens.- Superoxide radical.- Sural nerve tunnel syndrome.- Sweet’s syndrome.- Synapse.- Syndrome RS3PE (remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting oedema).- Synovectomy.- Synovial chondromatosis.- Synovial fluid (SF).- Synovial fluid analysis.- Synovial joints.- Synovial lining cells.- Synovial sarcoma (synovioma).- Synovioma.- Synovitis.- Syringomyelic arthropathy of shoulder.- SySADOA; symptomatic slow acting drugs of OA.- Systemic enzyme therapy (SET).- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).- Systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI).- Systemic sclerosis (SSc).- T.- Tai-chi exercise.- Takayasu’s arteritis (TA).- Taping.- Tarsal tunnel syndromes.- Temporal Arteritis (TA) (Giant Cell Arteritis).- Tendinopathy (tendonosis, tendoperiostosis, enthesopathy).- Tendinopathy of the rotator cuff.- Tendomyosis.- Tensilon test.- Teriparatide.- Terraband (dynamoband).- Testosterone.- Teufel’s bandage.- TGF (transforming growth factor).- Thalassaemias.- Thermal therapy.- Thermographic index (TI).- Thermography (TMG).- Thoracic outlet syndrome.- Thymosins.- Thymulin.- Thymus.- Thyroid disease.- Tietze’s syndrome and costochondritis.- Tinel’s sign.- T lymphocytes.- T lymphocytes — activation.- T lymphocytes — cytotoxic.- T lymphocytes — suppressor.- TNF receptor-associated factor 6.- Toe swelling/deformity and associated diseases.- Tomesa (balneophototherapy).- Tophus.- Total Sharp score (TSS).- Toxic shock syndrome.- Toxin.- Toxoid.- Träbert currents.- Traction.- Traction test.- TRAF6 — TNF receptor-associated factor 6.- Tramadol.- Transforming growth factors (TGF).- Transcription.- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (TENS).- Transdermal therapy with NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).- Transduction.- Transient coxitis.- Translation.- Traumatic arthritis.- Tremor.- Trendelenburg’s test.- Triamcinolone.- Trigger points.- T-score.- Tuberculin.- Tuberculous arthritis.- Tuftsin.- Tumour necrosis factors (TNF).- Tumoral calcinosis.- Tunnel syndromes of foot.- U.- U1RNP.- UCTD.- Ultrasound.- Ultrasound in rheumatology (arthrosonography).- Undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD).- Urticarial vasculitis (URV).- V.- Vaccine.- Vasculitis.- Vertebrogenic algic syndrome.- Viral arthritis.- Virulence.- Virus.- Vitamin D.- V region of immunoglobulins.- W.- Weber-Christian disease.- Wegener’s granulomatosis.- Western Ontario and McMaster universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC).- Williams-Beuren syndrome.- Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.- X.- Xenogenous (Xenogenic).- X-ray.- Z.- Zidovudine.- Zinc.- Zoledronate.- Z-score.- Zymosan.


ISBN-13: 9783211998939
Publisher: Springer (Springer Vienna)
Publication date: October, 2010
Pages: 240
Weight: 367g
Availability: POD
Subcategories: Diseases and Disorders, Immunology, Infectious Diseases, Rheumatology
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