Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women, and its incidence and prevalence have been steadily rising in recent decades. This book describes morphologic and kinetic signs that are important in the analysis of breast MR images before and after contrast administration and in various pulse sequences. Earlier this method was regarded as high sensitive but low specific. Today, by utilizing all the information contained in MR data sets, we can greatly increase the specificity of MRM. This gives MRM a very high overall accuracy in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of breast lesions, making it possible to detect cancers as small as 3 mm with a high degree of confidence. This book is intended to help broaden and expedite the clinical application of MRM so that as many physicians as possible can make more accurate and confident diagnoses.
First description of specific morphological and kinetic signs in MR-Mammography
Important for diagnosis of breast lesions
Based on over 20 years of research and experience
Richly illustrated, with many examples
Magnetic resonance mammography (MRM) is opening new avenues in the diagnosis of breast cancer. It has been known for over 20 years that MRM can accurately detect breast cancers larger than 3 millimeters. The problem in recent years has been an international debate concerning methods, techniques, and the interpretation of the myriad images. For years, the phrase: high sensitivity but low specificity, has been used like a mantra to characterize MRM. But results in recent decades suggest that we can greatly increase this limited specificity by extracting and analyzing all of the morphologic and kinetic signs contained in the 1000-plus images from an MRM examination. In this book we will explore the current known signs in MRM and illustrate them with examples so that, in the future, this information can be applied in the practical interpretation of MR mammograms.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the leading cause of death in women under age 50. It is hoped that when MRM is interpreted as described in this book, it can help to alleviate this major health problem by allowing breast cancers to be detected and treated at a earlier, curable stage.
Signs in MR-Mammography.