The field of pediatric nutrition has developed into an area essential to components of academic pediatric program throughout the world. Among the pediatric texts available, none deals with the physiologic or pathophysiologic basis of nutrition in pediatric health and disease in children of all ages. "Nutrition in Pediatrics, Fourth Edition", fills this void, extending physiologic and pathophysiologic considerations to their coverage of nutritional needs with respect to disease and covers diagnosis of nutritional imbalance and management as well. The 4th edition includes an entirely new section on pediatric obesity: epidemiology, pathophysiology, assessment and treatment. It includes new chapters on celiac disease, food allergies and iron. This edition includes updated growth curves, including the newly released WHO growth curves for exclusively breastfed infants. It contains expanded and updated chapters on international nutrition, including protein energy malnutrition and community nutrition. This edition of this textbook continues to be dedicated to establishing a comprehensive and accessible approach to pediatric nutrition.
Sections include basic concepts in the development of nutritional requirements of infants and children and a pathophysiology section examining cardinal manifestations and development. These sections will augment a comprehensive approach to perinatal nutrition, nutrition of specific disease states and nutritional management.
PART I: General Concepts 1: Pediatric Nutrition: A Distinct Subspecialty 2: Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status 3: Laboratory Assessment of Nutritional Status 4: Body Composition and Growth 5: Macronutrient Requirements for Growth:Carbohydrates 6: Macronutrient Requirements for Growth: Protein and Amino Acids 7: Macronutrient Requirements for Growth: Fat and Fatty Acids 8: Trace Elements in Human Nutrition 9: Iron 10: Vitamins 11: Dietary Reference Intakes and Recommended Dietary Allowances 12: International Nutrition 13: Protein-Energy Malnutrition: Pathophysiology, Clinical Consequences and Treatment 14: Community Nutrition and Its Impact on Children: Developing Countries (The Chilean Experience) 15: Community Nutrition and Its Impact on Children: Developed Countries 16: Nutritional Epidemiology 17: Food Safety 18: Drug Therapy and Role of Nutrition PART II: Physiology and Pathophysiology 19: Gene Expression 20: Humoral Regulation of Growth 21: Gastrointestinal Development: Implications for Infant Feeding 22: Immunophysiology and Nutrition of the Gut 23: Malnutrition and Host Defenses 24: Nutrition and Brain Development 25: Nutrition and the Behavior of Children PART III: Perinatal Nutrition 26: Nutrition and Pregnancy 27: Fetal, infant and childhood growth and disease in later life 28: Development of the Fetus: Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism 29: Amino Acid Nutrition In Utero: Placental Function and Metabolism 30: Human Milk: Nutritional Properties 31: Protective Properties of Human Milk 32: Approach to Breast-Feeding 33: The Low Birth Weight Infant: Inpatient Care 34: The Low Birth Weight Infant: Outpatient Care 35: The Term Infant 36: Complementary Feeding PART IV: Obesity and Energy Balance 37: Energy Metabolism and Requirements in Health and Disease 38: Energy and Substrate Regulation in Obesity 39: Evaluation and Management of Obesity 40: Complications of Obesity: Metabolic Syndrome 41: Popular Diets for Obesity PART V: Nutritional Aspects of Specific Disease States 42: Feeding Difficulties 43: Failure to Thrive: Malnutrition in the Pediatric Outpatient Settings 44: Nutrition Assessment of the Hospitalized Patient 45: Developmental Disabilities 46: Inborn Errors of Fasting Adaptation 47: Persistent Renal Disease 48: Inflammatory Bowel Disease 49: Pediatric HIV Infection 50: Celiac Disease 51: Food Allergies 52: Exocrine Pancreatic Disease including Cystic Fibrosis 53: Acute and Chronic Liver Disease 54: Cancer Prevention 55: Cancer Treatment 56: Diabetes Mellitus 57: Acute Diarrhea 58: Intestinal Failure, Transplantation and Short Gut Syndrome 59: The Critically Ill Child 60: Hyperlipidemia and Cardiovascular Disease 61: Carbohydrate Absorption and Malabsorption 62: Nutritional Anemias 63: Function and Nature of the Component in the Oral Cavity 64: Adolescence: Healthy and Disordered Eating 65: The Adolescent Athlete: Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Dietary Supplements 66: Adolescence: Bone Disease PART VI: Approach to Nutritional Support 67: Standard and Specialized Formula 68: Enteral Nutrition 69: Parenteral Nutrition 70: Dietary Supplement (Nutraceuticals) 71: Special Diets APPENDIX I: Nutritional Assessment II: Nutritional Requirements III: Enteral Products