Pediatric anesthesiologists will encounter numerous challenges when caring for children, as their work involves more than simply adjusting drug dosages and equipment for smaller patients. In response, this practical book provides clinical guidance in an easily accessible and digestible question-answer format. Case Studies in Pediatric Anesthesia reviews the entire breadth of pediatric anesthesia and pain management, taking a case-based approach. Each chapter commences with a clinical case or scenario, guiding the reader through a tailored discussion. The chapters review the pathophysiology, anesthetic techniques, and surgical and perioperative considerations. High quality tables and figures feature throughout to help solidify key concepts. The chapters are prepared to be read in isolation and for reference when appropriate. Case Studies in Pediatric Anesthesia is aimed at anesthesiologists of all levels, from the trainee on their first pediatric rotation, to the pediatric fellow preparing for boards examination to the seasoned clinician.
Foreword; List of contributors; 1. Normal parameters for paediatric anesthesia; 2. Pharmacology and physiology in the term neonate; 3. Anesthetic neurotoxicity in children; 4. Preoperative anxiety; 5. Postoperative nausea and vomiting in children; 6. Emergence delirium; 7. Anesthesia care for the premature infant; 8. Monitoring of the pediatric patient; 9. Blood and transfusion; 10. Asthma; 11. Sepsis; 12. Malignant hypothermia; 13. Cystic fibrosis; 14. Muscular dystrophy; 15. Spinal muscular atrophy; 16. Burns management; 17. Pediatric trauma; 18. Infant hernia repair and prevention of postoperative apnea; 19. Anterior mediastinal masses; 20. Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula; 21. Phyloric stenosis; 22. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; 23. Thoracic surgery in children; 24. Abdominal masses: neuroblastoma; 25. Abdominal masses: wilms tumor; 26. Congenital hyperinsulinism and pancreatectomy; 27. Hepatic poroenterosomy: kasai procedure; 28. Liver transplantation; 29. Renal transplantation; 30. Myringotomy and ear tube placement/upper respiratory infection; 31. Adenotonsillectomy; 32. Tracheobronchial foreign body; 33. Laryngotracheal reconstruction surgery; 34. Thyroid surgery; 35. Myelomeningocele and hydrocephalus; 36. Pediatric neurological tumors; 37. Epilepsy surgery; 38. MoyaMoya disease; 39. Cleft lip and palate; 40. Craniosynostosis; 41. Anesthesia for dental procedures; 42. Strabismus surgery; 43. Anesthesia for penile procedures; 44. Bladder exstrophy; 45. Anesthesia for ex utero intrapartum therapy (EXIT); 46. Midgestational fetal procedures: prenatal repair of an open neural tube defect; 47. Scoliosis surgery; 48. Pectus excavatum: the nuss procedure; 49. Vertical expandable prosethetic titanium rib insertion; 50. Pediatric epidural anesthesia; 51. Upper extremity nerve blocks; 52. Lower extremity nerve blocks; 53. Truncal blocks; 54. Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST); 55. Acute postoperative pain management; 56. Chronic pediatric pain; 57. Distraction techniques for pediatric pain management; 58. Transitional circulation; 59. Patent ductus arteriosus; 60. Coarctation of the aorta; 61. Atrial septal defects; 62. Ventricular septal defects; 63. Anesthesia for cardiac catheterization; 64. Tetraology of fallot; 65. Transposition of the great arteries; 66. Anomalous pulmonary venous return; 67. Truncus arteriosus; 68. Pulmonary hypertension in children; 69. The fontan patient; 70. Ventricular assist devices; 71. Noncardiac surgery in a glenn patient; Index.