Despite the advances in conventional, novel agent and high dose chemotherapy multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable. In order to overcome resistance to current therapies and improve patient outcome, novel biologically-based treatment approaches are being developed. Current translational research in MM focusing on the development of molecularly-based combination therapies has great promise to achieve high frequency and durable responses in the majority of patients. Two major advances are making this goal possible. First, recent advances in genomics and proteomics in MM have allowed for increased understanding of disease pathogenesis, identified novel therapeutic targets, allowed for molecular classification, and provided the scientific rationale for combining targeted therapies to increase tumor cell cytotoxicity and abrogate drug resistance. Second, there is now an increased understanding of how adhesion of MM cells in bone marrow (BM) further impacts gene expression in MM cells, as well as in BM stromal cells (BMSCs). As a result of these advances in oncogenomics on the one hand and increased understanding of the role of the BM in the pathogenesis of MM on the other, a new treatment paradigm targeting the tumor cell and its BM microenvironment to overcome drug resistance and improve patient outcome has now been developed. Thalidomide, lenalidomide, and Bortezomib are three agents which target the tumor cell in its microenvironment in both laboratory and animal models and which have rapidly translated from the bench to the bedside. Ongoing efforts are using oncogenomics and cell signaling studies to identify next generation of therapies in MM on the one hand, and to inform the design of combination trials on the other. This new paradigm for overcoming drug resistance and improving patient outcome in MM has great promise not only to change the natural history of MM, but also to serve as a model for targeted therapeutics directed to improve outcome of patients with MM.
Focuses on biology of MM especially, oncogenomic changes, cell signaling pathways and intermediate molecules that are being investigated for development of novel therapies
Explores all clinically important targets including those which have either therapeutic or prognostic significance
Provides perspective on new developments and information with emphasis both on basic science as well as its clinical impact
Despite the advances in conventional, and novel agent and high dose chemotherapy, multiple myeloma remains incurable. In order to overcome resistance to current therapies and improve patient outcome, novel biologically-based treatment approaches are being developed. Current translational research in multiple myeloma focusing on the development of molecularly-based novel targeted single-agent and combination therapies has great promise to achieve high frequency and durable responses in the majority of patients.
This volume will focus on biology of multiple myeloma, especially on oncogenomic changes, cell signaling pathways and intermediate molecules that are being investigated for development of novel therapies. The book will present newer developments, providing an emphasis on basic science, as well as its significant clinical impact.
Genomic strategies determining progressions from MGUS to Multiple Myeloma.- Prognostic implication of Genetic changes (Cytogenetics, and FISH, gains and losses of DNA by SNP array and aCGH) in risk stratification in myeloma.- Advances in MM gene expression profiling.- Growth factors in MM.- Role of Wnt signaling pathways in multiple myeloma pathogenesis.- mTOR pathway in multiple myeloma.- Jak/STAT signaling in the pathogenesis and treatment of multiple myeloma.- Role of extracellular matrix in myeloma biology.- Osteoclasts: Potential target for blocking microenvironmental support of myeloma.- Targeting the BAFF/APRIL cytokine network in multiple myeloma.- Role of Osteoblast in myeloma pathology.- Migration and homing in Multiple Myeloma.- Genes and proteins of myeloma endothelial cells to search specific targets of the tumor vasculature.- Epigenetic regulation of myeloma within its bone marrow microenvironment.- Targeting mulitple myeloma tumor angiogenesis: focus on VEGF.- Novel in vivo model in myeloma.- Index.