We could start writing this book by saying, with several other authors, that the brain is the most powerful and complex information processing device known, whether naturally developed or created artificially. Although we fully agree with this statement, in doing so we would be misleading the reader, in the sense that the present book basically aims to formalize the knowledge concerning brain physiology accumulated over the past few decades. Instead of merely describing the complexity of the cerebral str- ture or presenting a collection of commentaries and reviews of interesting experimental results, we take into account novel achievements in quantum information and quantum computation, and avail ourselves of recently - veloped mathematical tools. Neuroscience was bom in the 19'~ century with the works of Paul Brocca. However, this fledgling field experienced a boom only in recent times, following the development of powerful non-invasive techniques for probing the neural circuitry supporting the complex cognitive functions of the human brain. Although sophisticated mathematical models and phy- cal theories are the basic tools behind the conceptual foundations and a- lytical implementation of these modem techniques, to the best of our knowledge no effort was made to formalize the actual knowledge about brain function into a coherent theoretical framework incorporating the - cent developments in mathematical and physical science. Addressing this lack was our first motivation in writing this book.
develops new and powerful neural models providing formal descriptions of biochemical transactions in the brain.
presents an original and astounding new understanding of the brain by taking into account novel achievements in Fuzziness and Quantum Information Theory.
"The Brain- From Fuzzy Arithmetic to Quantum Computing" presents an original and astounding new understanding of the brain by taking into account novel achievements in Fuzziness and Quantum Information Theory. Bringing together Neuroscience, Soft Computing, Quantum Theory, and recent developments in mathematics the actual knowledge about the brain functioning is formalized into a coherent theoretical framework. This monograph develops new and powerful neural models providing formal descriptions of biochemical transactions in the brain to guide neuroscience experiments and to better interpret their results. This book demonstrates how the physiology of the neuron can be understood based on the fundamentals of fuzzy formal languages and introduces the basics of quantum computation and quantum information to the brain. It discusses how molecular transactions at the cellular level implement such concepts, shows how certain neural structures, like the dendritic spine, are specialized to function as quantum computing devices and demonstrates how the brain can be viewed as a quantum processing intelligent system.
Quantification and Calculation in Nature.- The Cells of the Brain.- Brain: A Distributed Intelligent Processing System.- Neural Computational Mechanisms Supporting Cognitive Processes.- The Brain and Quantum Computation.- Memetics and Cognitive Mathematics.- Modeling of Arithmetic Reasoning.- Brain Maps of Arithmetic Processes in Children and Adults.- Arithmetic Learning Capability in Congenitally Injured Brains.- Learning Arithmetic: Why So Difficult?.