This text provides a comprehensive review of the latest research on the effects of dietary patterns and whole plant foods on general health, aging, and cardiometabolic disease risk from major prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and their meta-analyses. The book extensively assesses, the effects of lifestyle, dietary patterns, and specific whole plant foods on the quality of aging; the impact of fiber-rich foods on colonic microbiotia and weight regulation, the effects of which influence the quality of aging; the effects of fiber-rich diets on the aging gastrointestinal tract; and the role of dietary patterns and specific whole plant foods on coronary heart disease, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Figures are extensively used to highlight findings and tables summarizing food composition dietary patterns and whole plant foods. Tables summarizing meta-analyses and representative cohort studies and RCTs provide state-of-the-art coverage of the important effect of dietary patterns and whole plant foods on aging and cardiometabolic diseases.Dietary Patterns and Whole Plant Foods in Aging and Disease will serve as a very useful, state -of -the-art resource for dietitians, physicians, nurses, food industry scientists, researchers, naturopathic doctors, educators and their students interested in the role of dietary patterns and specific whole plant foods on aging and disease. The probability of healthy aging and disease prevention is significantly improved by 70% when individuals and populations follow a healthy lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle choices include adhering to a healthy dietary pattern, increasing physical activity most days of the week, achieving and maintaining lean body weight and waist size, and the cessation of smoking. It is estimated that 90% or more of those in westernized populations are on track for unhealthy aging and increased cardiometabolic disease risk, especially with the obesity pandemic associated with relatively poor diet quality and sedentary lifestyles. Healthy dietary patterns significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality and chronic disease incidence compared to Western dietary patterns. Since healthy whole and minimally processed plant foods vary widely in their nutrient and phytochemical compositions, their overall benefit in aging and disease may vary depending on the specific whole plant foods consumed.
Section 1: Aging.- Lifestyle Factors Associated with Aging.- Dietary Patterns and Aging.- Whole Plant Foods and Aging.- Fiber-Rich Diets, Colonic Microbiota in Health and Disease.- Fiber-Rich Dietary Patterns in Weight Regulations.- Whole Plant Foods and Weight Regulation.- Fiber-Rich Diets and Supplements in Laxation and Constipation.- Fiber-Rich Diets and Other Modifiable Risk Factors in Diverticular Disease.- Section II: Cardiometabolic Disease.- Dietary Patterns and Coronary Heart Disease.- Whole Plant Foods and Coronary Heart Disease.- Dietary Pattern and Hypertension.- Whole Plant Foods and Hypertension.- Fiber-Rich Diets and Chronic Kidney Disease.- Dietary Patterns and Stroke Risk.- Whole Plant Foods and Stroke Risk.- Dietary Patterns and Whole Plant Food in Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Management.- Fiber-Rich and Supplements in Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Management.