Internists, surgeons, critical care physicians and nephrologists all treat critically ill patients with renal failure and the multiple system organ dysfunction syndrome. A comprehensive review of the state of the art of this topic is definitely needed both in academic and clinical medicine, and Critical Care Nephrology fulfils this need. It is a useful reference tool for both nephrologists and intensive care specialists and it is therefore no coincidence that the editors of the book are themselves specialists in these particular fields.
The book addresses the following: definitions of critical illness, epidemiology, monitoring and diagnostic procedures, pathophysiology of organ systems in relation to kidney function, concepts of renal physiologic and pathologic responses to various derangements, oxygen transport and cardiovascular adaptations, hemodynamic parameters, respiratory parameters, mechanical ventilation and cardiac support, and severity score parameters.
The book is also devoted to all forms of acute renal failure with specific reference to intensive care patients. The nature of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is discussed with special emphasis on the impact of different organs dysfunction and kidney failure. Kidney function and acute renal failure in patients with kidney, liver and heart transplants is also considered, as well as acute illness occurring in chronic hemodialysis patients. Special emphasis is placed on therapeutic interventions and treatment procedures. Different forms of organ support are discussed including liver, lung and cardiac therapy.
Section 1. The Critically Ill Patient. Section 2. Elements of Basic Sciences. Section 3. Epidemiology of Kidney Diseases in ICU. Section 4. Fluid and Electrolyte Problems in the ICU and ARF. Section 5. Acid-Base Problems in the Critically Ill. Section 6. Metabolism in the Critically Ill Patient With and Without ARF. Section 7. Infections in Intensive Care Patients. Section 8. The Kidney in Sepsis. Section 9. Acute Renal Failure 1. Section 10. Acute Renal Failure 2. Section 11. Acute Renal Failure. Section 12. Uremic Toxins. Section 13. Acute Intoxication and Poisoning. Section 14. The Liver and the Kidney. Section 15. The Heart and the Kidney. Section 16. The Lung and the Kidney. Section 17. The Brain and the Kidney. Section 18. Supportive Renal Therapy in the Critically Ill Patient. Section 19. Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) Section 20. Peritoneal Dialysis in the ICU. Section 21. Intermittent Hemodialysis in the ICU. Section 22. Imaging the Kidney and Urinary Tract in Acute Renal Failure. Section 23. Special Problems in the ICU.