AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) have complex health and societal determinants with large impacts. World-wide, the burden of these infectious diseases are huge, especially in the 22 countries with a high TB burden, where more than 80% of TB world-wide occurs and in sub-Saharan Africa, where 67% of the world's HIV/AIDS cases occurred. Despite different ways of transmission and the fact that several separate national programs often exist, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are linked. They are often affecting similar population groups (e.g. vulnerable and other minorities groups) and HIV is the most potent risk factors in increasing the risk of progression from latent TB infection (LTBI) to disease among the two billions individuals estimated with LTBI world-wide, while the relative risk of HIV is over 20. Therefore, it is crucial to combine and co-ordinate the efforts when addressing TB and HIV issues. Diverse responses have been developed, both at international and country levels for tackling the different health and social components of these diseases.
Preface; Introduction: Preventing & treating tuberculosis & HIV/AIDS -- A world-wide public health challenge; Impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the liver in patients co- infected with HIV & HCV/HBVA: A meta analysis; Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) & persons with disability/intellectual disability; Healthy Israel 2020: Objectives, targets, & evidence-based strategies to prevent tuberculosis & HIV infection in Israel; Summative evaluation of a community mobilization program to eliminate racial & ethnic disparities in HIV disease; Health beliefs regarding latent tuberculosis among ethnic groups in Northeast Florida; Non-Israeli migrants & HIV in Israel: The Tel-Aviv CRUSAID Kobler AIDS Center experience; Israeli-migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopia) & HIV: Medical & social issues. The experience of one major HIV center; The national HIV/AIDS hotline in Israel: Data on utilization, quality assurance & content; Epidemiology of hepatitis B, hepatitis C & HIV infections among intravenous drug users in Jerusalem, Israel; Multiple Intracranial Tuberculoma in a BCG Vaccinated Infant; Human immunodificiency virus (HIV) in a residential care center for persons with intellectual disability in Israel: A needle in a haystack investigation; About the editors; About the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development in Israel; About the Health & Human Development Book Series; Index.