The gold standard textbook in its area for over sixty years, Pharmaceutical Calculations is now in its Thirteenth Edition. Every chapter has been revised and updated to reflect the basic calculations applicable to the contemporary practice of pharmacy.The thirteenth edition of Pharmaceutical Calculations represents a thorough update of this textbook which for over six decades has met the needs of students in this important subject area. One of the most apparent changes in this edition is the inclusion of learning objectives for each chapter. The intent is not only to define the purpose and direct the student's focus but also to provide a basis for self-assessment following completion. Another important addition, appearing in the Introduction, presents a step-wise approach in solving calculations problems which should prove beneficial to students toward understanding and building confidence.
Introduction Scope of Pharmaceutical Calculations 1 Fundamentals of Pharmaceutical Calculations 2 International System of Units 3 Pharmaceutical Measurement 4 Interpretation of Prescriptions and Medication Orders 5 Density, Specific Gravity, and Specific Volume 6 Percentage, Ratio Strength, and Other Expressions of Concentration 7 Calculation of Doses: General Considerations 8 Calculation of Doses: Patient Parameters 9 Some Calculations Involving "Units," "g/mg," and Other Measures of Potency 10 Selected Clinical Calculations 11 Isotonic and Buffer Solutions 12 Electrolyte Solutions: Milliequivalents, Millimoles, and Milliosmoles 13 Intravenous Infusions, Parenteral Admixtures, and Rate-of-Flow Calculations 14 Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition, Body Mass Index, and the Food Nutrition Label 15 Dilution, Concentration, and Alligation 16 Reducing and Enlarging Formulas 17 Selected Calculations in Contemporary Compounding 18 Selected Calculations Involving Veterinary Pharmaceuticals 19 Selected Calculations Associated with Plant Extractives 20 Calculation of Active Drug Moiety 21 Selected Calculations Involving Radiopharmaceuticals 22 Selected Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetic Calculations 23 Selected Pharmacoeconomic Calculations Appendix A Common Systems of Measurement and Intersystem Conversion Appendix B Graphical Methods Appendix C Basic Statistical