On behalf of the United States Department of Agriculture, I am pleased to introduce the book Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. The articles and essays in this volume, submitted by nearly 100 researchers, educators, and other experts, contain comprehensive information on a variety of topics of significance for lentil growers, researchers, and consumers worldwide. Cultivated lentils (Lens culinars), an annual legume crop, have been grown as an important food source for over 8,000 years. They come in two main varieties: macrosperma (with large seeds and little pigmentation), and microsperma (with small seeds and some pigmentation). Depending on their variety and breed, however, lentil seeds can range in color from red-orange, to yellow, green, brown, or black. They are cultivated and consumed throughout the world, with Canada, Turkey and India being the top producers. Although the production of lentils and other pulse legume crops lags far behind cereal production in most nations, including the United States, production remains highly important because of its benefits for producers and consumers alike. Lentil seeds provide high levels of protein and, when consumed in combination with cereals, they provide adequate amounts of essential amino acids for the human diet. Their relatively short cooking time provides an additional advantage. Lentil production is equally beneficial for producers, as lentils have a high tolerance for extreme environmental conditions such as drought and hot temperatures, and can be grown in semiarid regions without irrigation.
Presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date review of research on lentil production
Covers all aspects of ecology, production management, genetic enhancement and breeding approaches
Complete analysis of production from nutrients and pest management to harvest and storage
Full documentation of taxonomy, uses and history of this important crop
The lentil is one of the first foods to have been cultivated and has maintained excellent socio-economic value for over 8,000 years. The ancient crop is now a crop for modern times in both developing and eveloped countries today.
The international market in recent years has increased significantly and this crop is gaining an important place in cropping systems under different ecologies. It is grown in over 35 countries, has a broad range of uses around the world, and the different seed and plant types adapted to an increasingly wide range of ecologies makes this comprehensive volume even more important today.
This book covers all aspects of diversity, breeding and production technologies, and the contents include;
- Origin, adaptation, ecology and diversity
- Utilization, nutrition and production technologies.
- Genetic enhancement, mutation and wild relatives
- Breeding methods and lensomics achievements
- Productivity, profitability and world trade
This book presents the most comprehensive and up to date review of research on lentil production systems, biotic and abiotic stresses management, quality seed production, storage techniques and lentil growing around the world. This book will be of great value to legume breeders, scientists, nutritionists, academic
researchers, graduate students, farmers, traders and consumers in the developed and the developing world.
Contents: About the Editors: List of Contributors: Preface: 1. History and Origin; J. S. Sandhu and S. Singh.- 2. Biodiversity Management; B. Redden, N. Maxted, B. Furman and C. Coyne.- 3. Adaptation and Ecology; M. Andrews and B. A. McKenzie.- 4. Uses and Consumption; S. S. Yadav, A. H. Rizvi, M. Manohar, S. Gailing, G. Mateljan, R. Shrestha, M. Yadav, P. N. Bahl and G. Bejiga.- 5. Nutritional Value; G. Urbano, J. M. Porres, J. Frías, and C. Vidal-Valverde.- 6. Global Production and World Trade; D. McNeil, G. D. Hill, M. Materne, B. A. McKenzie.- 7. Lentil-Based Cropping Systems.- H. S. Sekhon, G. Singh and H. Ram.- 8. Rhizobium Management and Nitrogen fixation; D. McNeil and M. Materne.- 9. Nutrient Management; B.A. McKenzie, M. Andrews and G. D. Hill.- 10. Weed Management; J. Brand, N.T. Yaduraju, B. G. Shivakumar and L. McMurray.- 11. Irrigation Management; B.A. McKenzie, G.D. Hill and M. Andrews.- 12. Commercial Cultivation and Profitability; M. Materne and A. R. Reddy.- 13. Genetics and Cytogenetics; S. K. Mishra, B. Sharma and S. K. Sharma.- 14. Mutation Breeding; C. Toker, S. S. Yadav and I. S. Solanki.- 15. Wild relatives and biotechnological approaches; P. A. Davies, M. M. Lülsdorf and M. Ahmad.- 16. Breeding Methods and Achievements; M. Materne and D. McNeil.- 17. Varietal adaptation and Plant Type; I. S. Solanki , P. N. Bahl and S. S. Yadav.- 18. Lensomics: Advances in genomics and molecular techniques; R. Ford, B. Mustafa, P. Inder, R. Shaikh, M. Materne and P. Taylor.- 19. Quality Seed Production; Z. Bishaw, A. A. Niane and Y. Gan.- 20. Abiotic Stresses; M. Materne, D. McNeil, K. Hobson and R. Ford.- 21. Diseases Management; P. Taylor, K. Lindbeck, W. Chen and R. Ford.- 22. Insect Pests and Their Management; P. C. Stevenson, M. K. Dhillon, H. C. Sharma, and M. El Bouhssini.- 23. Drying and Storage; P. K. Ghosh, D. S. Jayas, C. Srivastava, A. N. Jha.- 24. Lentil Growers; S. S. Yadav, A. H. Rizvi, M. Manohar, R. Shrestha, C. Chen, G. Bejiga, W.Chen, M. Yadav and P. N. Bahl.- Index.