Italian physician L Galvani demonstrated the relationship between electricity and muscle contraction that occurs in the electric fluid carried to the muscles by the nerves. He coined the term animal electricity to describe the muscle-activating force. One hundred and fifty years after he determined that muscle activation is generated by an electric fluid carried by the nerves, mathematician N. Wiener studied an artificial hand controlled by an electrical current produced in the muscles. This book discusses new developments, procedures and applications of electromyography.
Preface; Surface Electromyography & its use in clinical applications; Clinical trials with surface electromyography; Bite force, masticatory performance in compete denture wearer -- a review; Sensor output signal evaluation system for biofeedback training & its application; Surface electromyographic amplitude normalization methods: A review; Facial Electromyography as a measure of effort during physical & mental tasks; Analysis of facial expressions for mimetic muscles by using Electromyogram - Electromyogram analysis of facial muscle during tuning of expression; Simultaneous measurement of Electromyogram & near infrared spectroscopy during the mastication; Visualizing EMG & heart rate synchronized with human motion based on 3DCG; Effects of walking speeds & normalization methods on the muscular activity of the paretic lower limb in stroke subjects; Two types of skeletal muscle: power type & speed type; Index.