Ecotoxicology and Chemistry Applications in Environmental Management describes how to set up an integrated, holistic approach to addressing ecotoxicological problems. It provides detailed explanations in answer to questions like "Why is it necessary to apply an integrated approach?" and "How does one apply an integrated environmental management approach?" Highlighted topics of the book include * Environmental chemical calculations * QSAR estimation methods * Toxic substance interference with other environmental problems * Using diagnostic ecological subdisciplines for solutions * Cleaner production methods and technologies * Environmental risk assessment Addressing one of the most difficult tasks today, this book provides a much-needed holistic view for translating scientific knowledge and research results into effective environmental management measures. Rooted in a seven-step method, it integrates examination and quantification of an environmental problem and describes the use of ecological diagnostic tools to develop a diagnosis for ecosystem health. It also presents methods for choosing and using solutions or combinations of solutions to tackle problems.
Application of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry in Holistic, Integrated Environmental Management The Seven Management Steps Toolboxes Available Today to Develop an Ecological-Environmental Diagnosis Toolboxes Available Today to Solve Pollution Problems Follow the Recovery Process Conclusions about Integrated Environmental Management References Sources of Toxic Substance Pollution Sources of Pollution Distribution in Time and Space References Properties of Toxic Substances Properties Determining Distribution in the Environment Properties (Parameters) Determining Ecotoxicological Effects References Estimation of Ecotoxicological Parameters Introduction Application of Correlation Equations Biodegradation Estimation of Biological Parameters Application of EEP Conclusions References Global Element Cycles The Biochemistry of Nature Element Cycles and Recycling in Nature The Global Element Cycles References Toxic Substances in the Environment Inorganic Compounds and Their Effects Mercury Lead Cadmium Effects of Organic Compounds References Calculations of Reactions and Equilibrium Introduction Equilibrium Constant Activities and Activity Coefficients Mixed Equilibrium Constant Classification of Chemical Processes and Their Equilibrium Constants Many Simultaneous Reactions Henry's Law Adsorption Double Logarithmic Diagrams Applied on Acid-Base Reactions Molar Fraction, Alkalinity, and Buffer Capacity Dissolved Carbon Dioxide Precipitation and Dissolution: Solubility of Hydroxides Solubility of Carbonates in Open Systems Solubility of Complexes Stability of the Solid Phase Complex Formation Environmental Importance of Complex Formation Conditional Constant Application of Double Logarithmic Diagrams to Determine the Conditional Constants for Complex Formation Redox Equilibria: Electron Activity and Nernst Law pe as Master Variable Examples of Relevant Processes in the Aquatic Environment Redox Conditions in Natural Waters Construction of pe-pH Diagrams Redox Potential and Complex Formation Summary and Conclusions References Environmental Risk Assessment Environmental Risk Analysis Development of ERA References Application of Ecological Models in Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology Physical and Mathematical Models Models as a Management Tool Modeling Components Recommended Modeling Procedure Overview of Available Ecological Models Examples of Application of Models in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry Models as a Strong Management Tool: Problems and Possibilities References Ecological Indicators and Ecosystem Services as Diagnostic Tools in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry Role of Ecosystem Health Assessment in Environmental Management Criteria for the Selection of Ecological Indicators for EHA Classification of Ecosystem Health Indicators Ecosystem Services Value of Ecosystem Services References Application of Environmental Technology in Environmental Management Introduction Application of Environmental Technology to Solve Wastewater Problems Abatement of Air Pollution by Environmental Technology Solution of Solid Waste Problems by Environmental Technology References Application of Ecotechnology/Ecological Engineering in Environmental Management What Is Ecotechnology and Ecological Engineering? Classification of Ecological Engineering/Ecotechnology Agricultural Waste and Drainage Water Wastewater Treatment by Ecotechnology Soil Remediation References Application of Cleaner Production in Environmental Management Introduction Environmental Management Systems Environmental Audit, LCI, and LCA Cleaner Production/Technology Life Cycle Inventory and Life Cycle Assessment Green Chemistry Reach Reform References Implementation of Integrated Environmental Management to Solve Toxic Substance Pollution Problems Introduction Recommendations on Application of Integrated Environmental Management Following the Recovery Process References Summary and Conclusions Feasibility of Implementing Integrated Environmental Management Conclusions References