Archaea represent a third domain of life with unique properties not found in the other domains. Archaea actively compete for environmental resources. They perceive themselves and can distinguish between `self' and `non-self'. They process and evaluate available information and then modify their behaviour accordingly. They assess their surroundings, estimate how much energy they need for particular goals, and then realize the optimum variant. These highly diverse competences show us that this is possible owing to sign(aling)- mediated communication processes within archaeal cells (intra-organismic), between the same, related and different archaeal species (interorganismic), and between archaea and nonarchaeal organisms (transorganismic). This is crucial in coordinating growth and development, shape and dynamics. Such communication must function both on the local level and between widely separated colony parts. This allows archaea to coordinate appropriate response behaviors in a differentiated manner to their current developmental status and physiological influences. This book will orientate further investigations on how archaeal ecosphere inhabitants communicate with each other to coordinate their behavioral patterns and whats the role of viruses in this highly dynamic interactional networks.
Preface 1. Introduction: Keylevels of Biocommunication of Archaea 2. The Cooccurrence of Archaea and Bacteria among Diverse Globally Distributed Ecosystems 3. Direct Interspecies Electron Transfer Between Archaea and Bacteria 4. Why Archaea are Limited in their Exploitation of Other, Living Organisms 5. Archaeal Surface Structures and Their Role in Communication with the Extracellular Environment 6. Archaeal Biocommunication in Hot Springs Revealed by Metagenomics 7. Sexual Communication in Archaea, the Precursor to Eukaryotic Meiosis 8. Quorum Sensing in Archaea: Recent Advances and Emerging Directions 9. Biofilm Lifestyle of Thermophile and Acidophile Archaea 10. The Compressed Vocabulary of the Proteins of Archaea 11. KaiC-like ATPases as Signal Transduction Hubs in Archaea 12. Archaea were Trailblazers in Signaling Evolution: Protein Adaptation and Structural Fluidity as a Form of Intracellular Communication 13. Protein Phosphorylation-Dephosphorylation and Signal Processing in the Archaea 14. Secondary Metabolites in Archaea and Extreme Environments 15. Evolutionary Interaction Between Archaeal-Eukaryal Cell Lineages and Viruses 16. Inteins as Indicators of Bio-Communication 17. Riboswitches: Regulatory ncRNAs in Archaea 18. DNA Damage Repair in Archaea 19. Archaeal Lipids as an Adaptation to Higher Temperatures?