The 15th International Symposium on Plant Lipids was held in Okazaki, Japan, in May 12th to 17th, 2002, at the Okazaki Conference Center. The Symposium was organized by the Japanese Organizing Committee with the cooperation of the Japanese Association of Plant Lipid Researchers. The International Symposium was successful with 225 participants from 29 countries. We acknowledge a large number of participants from Asian countries, in particular, from China, Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand and the Philippines, presumably because this was the fIrst time that the International Symposium on Plant Lipids was held in Asia. We also acknowledge a number of scientists from Canada, France, Germany, UK and USA, where plant lipid research is traditionally very active. The Symposium provided an opportunity for presentation and discussion of 68 lectures and 93 posters in 11 scientific sessions, which together covered all aspects of plant lipid researches, such as the structure, analysis, biosynthesis, regulation, physiological function, environmental aspects, and the biotechnology of plant lipids. In memory of the founder of this series of symposia, the Terry Galliard Lecture was delivered by Professor Ernst Heinz from Universitat: Hamburg, Germany. In addition, special lectures were given by two outstanding scientists from animal lipid fields, Professor James Ntambi from University of Wisconsin, USA, and Dr. Masahiro Nishijima from the National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Japan. To our great honor and pleasure, the session of Lipid Biosynthesis was chaired by Dr.
Sterol glucosides and ceramide glucosides: cloning of enzymes contributing to their biosynthesis.- Silver ion liquid-chromatographic mobility of plant diacylglycerols as a function of their composition and spatial arrangement.- Betaine lipids in marine algae.- Studies on the lipid molecular species and minor components of some Philippine seed and nut oils.- Antioxidant activity of some natural extracts in corn oil.- Study of the asymmetric distribution of saturated fatty acids in sunflower oil. Triacylglycerols.- Okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) seed oil: characterization and potential use for high value products.- Cellular and developmental implications for carbon supply to fatty acid synthesis in seeds.- What is new about glycerol metabolism in plants?.- Genes and pathways involved in biosynthesis of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in bacteria.- Brassica KCS is capable of elongating polyunsaturated fatty acids.- Re-constitution of the glucose 6-phosphate translocator in liposomes: Inhibition of glucose 6-phosphate and inorganic phosphate exchange by oleoyl-coenzyme A.- Structural and functional analysis of the FAS1 gene encoding fatty acid synthase ?-subunit in methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha.- Characterizing KAS enzymes using the E. cou double mutant strain CY244.- Carbon metabolism in developing soybean embryos.- Expression of antisense acyl carrier protein-4 (LMI-ACP) reduces lipid content in Arabidopsis leaf tissue.- Biosynthesis of 9, 12, 15-octadecatrien-6-ynoic acid in the moss Dicranum scoparium.- The role of the plastidial glucose-6-phosphate transporter in the control of fatty acid biosynthesis of developing embryos of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.).- Comparative analysis of expressed sequence tags from developing seeds of Sesamum indicum and Arabidopsis thaliana.- Substitution of Phe282 with Ser in LEA B. napus c. v. westar restores FAE1 enzyme activity.- Presence of a palmitoyl-CoA delta 6-desaturase in the preputial gland of the mouse.- Linolenic acid accumulation in dragonhead.- Spirulina platensis mutants defective in ?-linolenic acid production: molecular characterization.- Oxygen availability regulates microsomal oleate desaturase (FAD2) in sunflower developing seeds by two different mechanisms.- Identification of a 05-fatty acid desaturase from Physcomitrella patens.- Low temperature and hypoxic signals regulating 03949 fatty acid desaturase gene transcription are converted into membrane fluidity signal in yeast.- Fatty acid desaturases from the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum: Reconstitution of polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthetic pathways in transgenic yeast.- Characterization of transgenic maize engineered with antisense FAD2 cDNA by chemometrical analysis of glycerolipids.- Biochemical studies on the production of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in Euglena and Thraustochytrium.- Nonthermal factors affecting production and unsaturation of alkenones in Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica.- Determination of the X-ray crystallographic structure of E.coli butyryl-ACP.- Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 of Arabidopsis thaliana.- Oleosins and plastid-lipid-associated proteins in Arabidopsis.- Membrane-bound sn-2-monoacylglycerol acyltransferase (MGAT) is involved in Diacylglycerol synthesis.- Cloning and expression of Vernonia and Euphorbia diacylglycerol acyltransferase cDNAs.- Reutilization of arachidonyl moieties of triacylglycerols in the microalga Parietochloris incisa following recovery from nitrogen starvation.- Lipid composition in yeast mutant lacking storage lipids synthesis capacity.- Synthesis of chloroplast galactolipids in apicomplexan parasites (Toxoplasma gondii and Plasmodium falciparum).- Determination of the effects of temperatures on phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis in thylakoid membranes by analysis of molecular species.- Modulation of lipid body size and protein profiles in the oleaginous fungus by changing nitrogen concentration in culture medium.- Cloning and characterisation of a phospholipid: diacylglycerol acyltransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana.- A multigene family of lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases of Arabidopsis thaliana.- Kinetic analysis of microsomal sn-glycerol-3- phosphate acyltransferase from the developing seeds of sunflower and Mortierella alpin.- Isolation and characterization of disruptants for CTP: phosphorylcholine cytidylyltransferase isogenes in Arabidopsis.- The plastidial lyso-PC acyltransferase from Allium porrum leaves: Interaction with metal salts and partial purification.- Histochemical analysis of three MGD genes using promoter-GUS fusion system in Arabidopsis.- Oil biosynthesis in Mortierella alpina microsomal membranes.- Galactolipid synthesis coordinates with the expression of photosynthetic activity via redox cascade.- Changes in oil composition of two sunflower varieties induced by salt-stress.- Tapetosomes and elaioplasts in Brassica and Arabidopsis floral tapetum.- Cloning and gene expression of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA reductase in B. napus seeds.- Dissecting the maize epicuticular wax biosynthetic pathway via the characterization of an extensive collection of GLOSSY mutants.- Distribution of cerebroside in genus Saccharomyces and its closely related yeasts, and cloning of cerebroside metabolism-related genes.- Properties and physiological effects of plant cerebroside species as functional lipids.- Metabolic engineering of the mevalonate and non-mevalonate pathways in tomato.- Characterization of the molecular species of phytosterol fatty acyl esters in corn (maize).- Action of mevalonic acid-derived isoprenoids in Arabidopsis.- The study of the mechanism of cell elongation using an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl-CoA reductase.- Characterisation of enzymes involved in tocopherol biosynthesis.- Two novel types of Arabidopsis phospholipase D.- Functional analysis of Arabidopsis lipase genes.- Transcriptional activation of jasmonate biosynthesis enzymes is not reflected at protein level.- Membrane localization of Arabidopsis acyl-CoA binding protein ACBP2.- Shift in fatty acid and oxylipin pattern of tomato leaves following overexpression of the allene oxide cyclase.- Reaction characterization of phospholipase A2 on hydrolysis of phospholipid in W/O microemulsion.- Molecular characterization of rice ?-oxygenase: ?-comparison with mammalian prostaglandin H synthases.- The lipoxygenase pathway in mycorrhizal roots of Medicago truncatula.- Purification and immunological properties of galactolipase from Phaseolus vulgaris leaves.- Hydrolysis behavior of triglycerides by Rhizopus delemar lipase in reverse micellar organic solvents.- Hydroperoxide lyase and leaf aldehyde formation can be greatly increased in leaves.- DAD1-like lipase (DLL) genes in Arabidopsis thaliana: Their expression profiles and physiological significances.- Peroxisomal acyl-CoA thioesterases from Arabidopsis.- Identification and characterization of a binding protein for N-acylethanolamines in membranes of tobacco cells.- Lipid transfer proteins: a genomic approach to establish their suggested roles in lipid trafficking and signaling.- Rapid and slow response reactions of plants on effect of antioxidant ambiol.- Localization of pollen tube NpCDPK7 protein in generative cell membrane mediated by amino terminal myristoylation.- Gene-engineered rigidification of membrane lipids enhances the cold inducibility of gene expression in Synechocystis.- Monitoring of 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA)-induced expression changes in Arabidopsis by cDNA macroarray.- Characterization of light-responding activation of phospholipase D in suspension-cultured photoautotrophic soybean (SB-P) cells.- Salicylic acid and aromatic monoamines induce generation of active oxygen species leading to increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in tobacco suspension culture.- A novel glycolipid in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 cells: structural characteristics.- The mechanism of biosynthesis and the physiological function of phosphatidylcholine in Arabidopsis during cold acclimation.- Involvement of membrane lipid fluidity in regulation of molecular mechanism of the xanthophyll cycle.- Sulphoquinovosyldiacylglycerol and adaptation syndrome.- Plastoquinol and other natural membrane prenyllipids may form pseudocyclic electron transport by scavenging superoxide generated in photosystem I.- Fluorescence anisotropy of plant membrane prenyllipids as a tool in studies of their localization and mobility in model membranes.- The role of betaine lipids in adaptation of lichen Peltigera aphthosa to long-term dehydration.- A study of the physiological function of phosphatidylethanolamine in Arabidopsis.- Glycolipid fatty acids while drought action.- Seasonal changes in thermotropic behavior of phospho- and glycolipids from Laminaria japonica.- Cyanobacterial lipid composition with regard to the regulatory role of glucose.- Are galactolipids engaged in the molecular mechanism of the xanthophyll cycle?.- Lipid synthesis catalyzed by lipase immobilized in biocompatible microemulsion-based organogel systems.- Production of nutraceutical fatty acids in oilseed crops.- Application of hpRNA-mediated gene silencing techniques to modification of fatty acid composition.- Targeting gene expression in mesocarp and kernel of the oil palm fruits.- Transgenic oil palm: where are we?.- Genetic manipulation of fatty acids in oil palm using biolistics: strategies to determine the most efficient target tissues.- Endogenic and exogenic interaction of microalgae lipids with surfactants in water environment.- Production of hydroxy fatty acids in Arabidopsis thaliana.- Author Index.