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Progressive Mothers, Better Babies
Race, Public Health, and the State in Brazil, 1850-1945

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Main description:

In Bahia, Brazil, the decades following emancipation saw the rise of reformers who sought to reshape the citizenry by educating Bahian women in methods for raising "better babies." The idealized Brazilian would be better equipped to contribute to the labor and organizational needs of a modern nation. Backed by many physicians, politicians, and intellectuals, the resulting welfare programs for mothers and children mirrored complex debates about Brazilian nationality. Examining the local and national contours of this movement, Progressive Mothers, Better Babies investigates families, medical institutions, state-building, and social stratification to trace the resulting policies, which gathered momentum in the aftermath of abolition (1888) and the declaration of the First Republic (1889), culminating during the administration of President Getulio Vargas (1930-1945).

Exploring the cultural discourses on race, gender, and poverty that permeated medical knowledge and the public health system for almost a century, Okezi T. Otovo draws on extensive archival research to reconstruct the implications for Bahia, where family patronage politics governed poor women's labor as the mothers who were the focus of medical interventions were often the nannies and nursemaids of society's wealthier families. The book reveals key transition points as the state of Bahia transformed from being a place where poor families could expect few social services to becoming the home of numerous programs targeting the poorest mothers and their children. Negotiating crucial questions of identity, this history sheds new light on larger debates about Brazil's past and future.


Contents:

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Note on Orthography and Currency
Introduction
Chapter 1. Persistence and Change: The "Mulata Velha"
Chapter 2. Domestic Health Care: The Mae Preta
Chapter 3. Motherhood as Science: The Curiosa
Chapter 4. Foundling Care and Family Welfare: The Mae Desnaturada
Chapter 5. Bahia's Estado Novo: The Pai dos Pobres
Conclusion
A Suggestive Epilogue
Notes
Bibliography
Index


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9781477308837
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: May, 2016
Pages: 288
Weight: 611g
Availability: Contact supplier
Subcategories: General Practice

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