"Health Rights" is a multidisciplinary collection of seminal papers examining ethical, legal, and empirical questions regarding the human right to health care. The volume discusses what obligations health rights entail for governments and other actors, how they relate to and potentially conflict with other rights and values, and how cultural diversity bears on the formulation and implementation of health rights. The paramount importance of such questions is illustrated, among other things, by the catastrophic health situation in developing countries and current debates about the TRIPS Agreement and health care reform in the United States. The volume is divided into five main parts which focus on philosophical questions about the bases for the right to health or health care; links between health and human rights; global bioethics and public health ethics; intellectual property rights in pharmaceuticals; and, finally health rights issues arising in specific contexts such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and gender.
Introduction; Part I Philosophical Bases for the Right to Health and/or Healthcare: Equality and rights in medical care; The right to health and the right to health care; Rights to health care and distributive justice: programmatic worries; The right to a decent minimum of health care; Broadening the bioethics agenda; The dark side of human rights; Exploring the philosophical foundations of the human rights approach to international public health ethics.; Part II Links Between Health and Human Rights: Health and human rights; Health and human rights.; Part III Global Bioethics and Public Health Ethics: Human rights; Medicine and public health, ethics and human rights; Bioethics and international human rights; Global disparities in health and human rights: a critical commentary; The lingua franca of human rights and the rise of a global bioethic; New malaise: bioethics and human rights in the global era; Improving global health: counting reasons why.; Part IV Intellectual Property Rights in Pharmaceuticals: Patents and medicines: the relationship between TRIPS and the human right to health; Affordable access to essential medication in developing countries: conflicts between ethical and economic imperatives; Patents and access to drugs in developing countries: an ethical analysis; Medicines for the world: boosting innovation without obstructing free Access.; Part V Health Rights in Context: HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Gender: Human rights and public health ethics: responding to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic; Structural barriers and human rights related to HIV prevention and treatment in Zimbabwe; Tuberculosis control and directly observed therapy from the public health/human rights perspective; Gender, health and human rights; The incompatibility of the United Nations' goals and conventionalist ethical relativism; Name index.