This text is intended for use in an introductory course in bioinstrumentation taken by seniors and 1st year graduate students in departments of biomedical engineering and possibly electrical engineering. Non-invasive instrumentation is a very important component of this course. An analytical and quantitative approach is stressed in describing the basic components of non-invasive medical instruments. The relationship of the many non-invasive parameters measured to health and physiology is considered in every case. Where appropriate this text also covers invasive instrumentation, with a description of their positive and negative effects.
Introduction. Visual Inspection of Tissues With Endoscopes and Other Optical Devices. Sounds From Within the Body. Measurement of Electrical Potentials and Magnetic Fields from the Body Surface. NI Measurements of Blood Pressure. Body Temperature Measurements. Non-Invasive Blood Gas Sensing With Electrodes. Tests on Naturally-Voided Body Fluids. Plethysmography. Pulmonary Function Tests. Measurement of Basal Metabolism. Ocular Tonometry. NI Tests Involving the Input of Audible Sound Energy. NI Tests Using Doppler Ultrasound. NI Applications of Photon Radiation. Survey of Medical Imaging Systems Trends in NI Genomic Measurements and Diagnostics A Review of NonInvasive Therapies