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Main description:

Essential Evidence-Based Data for Common Clinical Encounters

"This is very useful for providers who desire a fast review of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base disorders without asking for in-depth information. Background information about pathophysiology and references are not included, but are not needed. This makes the book unique and quite different from other available resources on the topic. 3 Stars."--Doody's Review Service

Make sense of acid-base and electrolytes with this compact, on-the-go guide--filled with clinical facts, figures, and data.

In this ultra-convenient resource, the authors have distilled down the most relevant insights from their acclaimed text Nephrology in 30 Days, giving you a complete, yet concise overview of acid-based and electrolytes--supported by evidence-based findings.

You'll find at-a-glance tables and a bulleted format that puts key diagnostic and clinical information right at your fingertips. This one-stop guide gets you up to speed on the major issues in acid-base and electrolyte disturbances, from metabolic acidosis to serum calcium disorders. It's the perfect clinical companion to more in-depth acid-base texts--one that goes beyond educational principles to focus on the real world of clinical medicine and patient management.

  • The perfect portable brain for the wards
  • Vital facts and figures everyone forgets to remember
  • Presented in easy-access tables


Chapter 1: Body Fluid Compartments and Intravenous Fluid Replacement, Robert F. Reilly, Jr., and Mark A. Perazella

1. Body fluid compartments
2. Intravenous solutions
3. General principles
4. Assessing extracellular fluid volume
5. Fluid resuscitation
6. Clinical examples of fluid resuscitation

Chapter 2: Disorders of Sodium Balance (Edema, Hypertension or Hypotension), Robert F. Reilly, Jr., and Mark A. Perazella

1. Introduction
2. Regulation of Na+ transport in kidney
3. Disorders associated with increased total body Na+ (ECF volume expansion)
4. Clinical manifestations of increased total body Na+ (ECF volume expansion)
5. General approach to the edematous patient
6. General treatment of the edematous patient
7. Clinical manifestations of decreased total body Na+ (ECF volume depletion)
8. General approach to the volume depleted patient
9. General Treatment of the Volume Depleted Patient

Chapter 3: Disorders of Water Balance (Hypo- and Hypernatremia), Robert F. Reilly, Jr., and Mark A. Perazella

1. Introduction
2. Hyponatremia
3. Etiology of hyponatremia
4. Signs and symptoms
5. Diagnosis
6. Treatment
7. Hypernatremia
8. Etiology
9. Signs and symptoms
10. Diagnosis
11. Treatment

Chapter 4: Diuretics, Mark A. Perazella

1. Introduction
2. Sites of diuretic action in kidney
3. Diuretic resistance
4. Clinical conditions associated with diuretic resistance
5. Treatment of diuretic resistance

Chapter 5: Disorders of K+ balance (Hypo- and Hyperkalemia), Mark A. Perazella

1. Introduction
2. K+ homeostasis
3. Role of K+ in the resting membrane potential
4. Cellular K+ distribution
5. K+ handling by the kidney
6. Factors controlling renal K+ excretion
7. Hypokalemia8. Etiology
9. Increased cellular K+ uptake
10. Increased renal K+ losses
11. Approach to the patient
12. Clinical manifestations
13. Treatment
14. Hyperkalemia
15. Etiology
16. Approach to the patient
17. Clinical manifestations
18. Treatment

Chapter 6: Metabolic Acidosis, Dinkar Kaw and Joseph I. Shapiro

1. Acid-Base Chemistry and Biology
2. The Bicarbonate Buffering System
3. Acid Excretion by the Kidney
4. Clinical Approach to the Patient with an Acid-Base Disorder
5. Pathophysiology, Compensation and Consequences
6. Use of the Serum and Urine Anion Gap in the Differential Diagnosis of Metabolic Acidosis
7. Differential Diagnosis of Metabolic Acidosis
8. Causes of Metabolic Acidosis
9. Treatment of Metabolic Acidosis

Chapter 7: Metabolic Alkalosis, Dinkar Kaw and Joseph I. Shapiro

1. Introduction
2. Maintenance of Metabolic Alkalosis
3. Clinical Features
4. Differential Diagnosis
5. Cl--Responsive and Cl--Resistant Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis
6. Treatment

Chapter 8: Respiratory and Mixed Acid-base Disturbances, Youngsook Yoon and Joseph I. Shapiro

1. Respiratory Disturbances
2. Respiratory Acidosis
3. Respiratory Alkalosis
4. Mixed Disturbances

Chapter 9: Disorders of Serum Calcium, Robert F. Reilly, Jr.

1. Regulation
2. Hypercalcemia
3. Hypocalcemia

Chapter 10: Disorders of Serum Phosphorus, Robert F. Reilly, Jr.

1. Regulation
2. Hyperphosphatemia
3. Hypophosphatemia

Chapter 11: Disorders of Serum Magnesium, Robert F. Reilly, Jr.

1. Introduction
2. Hypomagnesemia
3. Hypermagnesemia

Chapter 12: Appendix, Mark A. Perazella and Robert F. Reilly, Jr.

1. Introduction
2. Clinical assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR)


ISBN-13: 9785551694137
Publisher: McGraw-Hill (McGraw-Hill Medical)
Publication date: July, 2007
Pages: None

Subcategories: Nephrology


Robert F. Reilly, Jr., MD, holds the Frederick L. Coe Professorship in Nephrolithiasis Research in Mineral Metabolism and is Chief in the Section of Nephrology in the Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System; and Professor of Medicine in the Department of Medicine at the Charles and Jane Pak Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Mark A. Perazella, MD, FACP, is Associate Professor of Medicine, Director of the Renal Fellowship Program, and Director of Acute Dialysis Services in the Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine.