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Epidemiology Foundations
The Science of Public Health
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Main description:

Written by Peter J. Fos an expert in epidemiology with more than twenty years teaching experience Epidemiology Foundations offers an ideal introduction to the theory and practice of public health epidemiology. This important text discusses both the historical perspective and future trends of epidemiology, reviews health and disease, and explains how they are measured. The book′s overview of epidemiological studies shows how they are used in practice. Epidemiology Foundations takes a social and community perspective and includes information about global diseases and epidemics.


Emphasis on concepts such as population health, social determinants, and global health make this book especially interesting and accessible to those new to the subject. Each chapter is supplemented with problem–solving exercises and research assignments to aid readers in understanding its epidemiology principles. Reflecting and expanding on recommendations of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, Epidemiology Foundations is the ideal text for any course introducing epidemiology in public health.


Back cover:

Written by Peter J. Fos an expert in epidemiology with more than twenty years teaching experience Epidemiology Foundations offers an ideal introduction to the theory and practice of public health epidemiology. This important text discusses both the historical perspective and future trends of epidemiology, reviews health and disease, and explains how they are measured. The book′s overview of epidemiological studies shows how they are used in practice. Epidemiology Foundations takes a social and community perspective and includes information about global diseases and epidemics.


Emphasis on concepts such as population health, social determinants, and global health make this book especially interesting and accessible to those new to the subject. Each chapter is supplemented with problem–solving exercises and research assignments to aid readers in understanding its epidemiology principles. Reflecting and expanding on recommendations of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, Epidemiology Foundations is the ideal text for any course introducing epidemiology in public health.


Contents:

Figures ix


Tables xi


Preface xv


The Author xix


Chapter 1: Why Epidemiology? 1


Introduction 2


Public Health and Community Medicine 2


Defi nition of Epidemiology 3


Population Health 9


Population Trends 10


Health Costs 15


Global Health Threats 17


Summary 17


Chapter 2: History of Epidemiology 21


Historical Perspectives 22


Uses of Epidemiology 29


Examples of Cohort Studies 30


Summary 31


Chapter 3: Health and Disease 35


Defi nitions 36


Distinction Between Health and Disease 37


Disease Progression 39


Cause and Effect 43


Summary 49


Chapter 4: Describing Health and Disease 53


Descriptive Epidemiology 54


Hypotheses 55


Descriptive Variables 56


Examples of Use of Descriptive Information 75


Summary 76


Chapter 5: Measuring Health and Disease 79


Morbidity 80


Mortality 90


Other Measures 97


Graphing Health and Disease Measurements 102


Confounding 105


Summary 108


Chapter 6: Epidemiology Study Designs: Observational and Experimental Studies 113


Defi nition of Observational Studies 114


Framework and Types of Observational Studies 114


Descriptive Studies 115


Analytical Studies 119


Examples of Observational Studies 123


Definition of Experimental Studies 124


Framework and Types of Experimental Studies 125


Clinical Trials 126


Bias and Validity 131


Examples of Experimental Studies 132


Summary 133


Chapter 7: Uses of Epidemiological Studies 137


Introduction 137


Observational Studies 139


Experimental Studies 152


Summary 153


Chapter 8: Epidemics 159


Definition 160


Transmission 161


Response to Epidemics 165


Surveillance 170


Reportable Diseases 171


Examples 171


Summary 174


Chapter 9: Epidemiology and Society 179


Introduction 180


Social Determinants 181


Socioeconomic Factors and Health 183


The Built Environment 185


Summary 188


Chapter 10: Screening for Disease 193


Prevention and Epidemiology 194


Screening 195


Accuracy of Screening Tests 196


Summary 207


Chapter 11: Community Public Health 211


Introduction 212


Community Health Workers 213


Community Level Planning and Evaluation 214


Examples 218


Public Health Programs 219


Public Health Agencies 224


Summary 225


Chapter 12: Epidemiology Today 229


Emergency Preparedness 230


Global Health 232


Emerging Diseases 236


Chronic Diseases 247


Summary 256


Notes 259


Index 275


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9780470910726
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Publication date: January, 2011
Pages: 304
Dimensions: 180.00 x 233.00 x 16.79

Subcategories: Epidemiology

MEET THE AUTHOR

Peter J. Fos is provost and professor of health sciences at the University of Texas at Tyler. He is an internationally known decision scientist and epidemiologist. He maintains adjunct faculty positions at the University of Southern Mississippi College of Health and at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, School of Health–Related Professions, and is a visiting scholar at the Medical University of South Carolina, College of Health Professions.