This compendium volume is an indispensable source of information on the ways in which wastewater can impact public health. The editor, a well-respected expert in his field, has collected the most recent and pertinent investigations into this serious issue. Included are studies involving: * The presence of various human enteric viruses in wastewater, which reach the public through drinking and daily use water, agriculture, and through fishing waters * Antibiotic resistance produced by genetic changes in wastewater bacterial communities, affecting both human and animal health * The presence of antidepressants in water consumed by the public * Possible methods of treatment for removing bacteria and pharmaceuticals from wastewater This threat to public health calls urgently for the development of new treatment technologies. The research in this volume provides state-of-the-art information about recent advances in wastewater treatment and it points the way toward future productive research. Civil engineers, graduate-level research students, and scientific research labs will all find valuable information.
Introduction Part I: Disease Exposure Inadequately Treated Wastewater as a Source of Human Enteric Viruses in the Environment; Anthony I. Okoh, Thulani Sibanda, and Siyabulela S. Gusha Prevalence and Characterisation of Non-Cholerae Vibrio spp. in Final Effluents of Wastewater Treatment Facilities in Two Districts of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: Implications for Public Health; Anthony I. Okoh, Timothy Sibanda, Vuyokazi Nongogo, Martins Adefisoye, Osuolale O. Olayemi, and Nolonwabo Nontongana Performance of the Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant for Removal of Listeria monocytogenes; Nahid Navidjouy, Mohammad Jalali, Hossein Movahedian Attar, and Hajar Aghili Part II: Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotic Resistance and Prevalence of Class 1 and 2 Integrons in Escherichia coli Isolated from Two Wastewater Treatment Plants, and Their Receiving Waters (Gulf of Gdansk, Baltic Sea, Poland); Ewa Kotlarska, Aneta Luczkiewicz, Marta Pisowacka, and Artur Burzynski Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Bacterial Community Composition in a River Influenced by a Wastewater Treatment Plant; Elisabet Marti, Juan Jofre, and Jose Luis Balcazar Impact of Treated Wastewater Irrigation on Antibiotic Resistance in the Soil Microbiome; Joao Gatica and Eddie Cytryn Metagenomic Profiling of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Mobile Genetic Elements in a Tannery Wastewater Treatment Plant; Zhu Wang, Xu-Xiang Zhang, Kailong Huang, Yu Miao, Peng Shi, Bo Liu, Chao Long, and Aimin Li A Comprehensive Insight into Tetracycline Resistant Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Activated Sludge Using Next-Generation Sequencing; Huang K., Tang J., Zhang X. X., Xu K., and Ren H. Detection of 140 Clinically Relevant Antibiotic-Resistance Genes in the Plasmid Metagenome of Wastewater Treatment Plant Bacteria Showing Reduced Susceptibility to Selected Antibiotics; Rafael Szczepanowski, Burkhard Linke, Irene Krahn, Karl-Heinz Gartemann, Tim Gutzkow, Wolfgang Eichler, Alfred Puhler, and Andreas Schluter Part III: Pharmaceutical and Hormone Exposure Simultaneous Determination of 24 Antidepressant Drugs and Their Metabolites in Wastewater by Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry; Ling-Hui Sheng, Hong-Rui Chen, Ying-Bin Huo, Jing Wang, Yu Zhang, Min Yang, and Hong-Xun Zhang Removal and Transformation of Pharmaceuticals in Wastewater Treatment Plants and Constructed Wetlands; E. Lee, S. Lee, J. Park, Y. Kim, and J. Cho An Assessment of the Concentrations of Pharmaceutical Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants on the Island of Gran Canaria (Spain); Rayco Guedes-Alonso, Cristina Afonso-Olivares, Sarah Montesdeoca-Esponda, Zoraida Sosa-Ferrera, and Jose Juan Santana-Rodriguez Index