Sport and Exercise Science: An Introduction provides a broad-based foundation in the major areas that underpin the scientific study of sport and exercise science, thus helping undergraduate students to develop a sound understanding of human anatomy, physiology, nutrition, metabolism, biomechanics and psychology related to sport, exercise and health. It includes a range of useful features in every chapter, including clear explanations of key concepts, colour diagrams and photographs, activities and summaries to reinforce understanding, and on-line support materials for lecturers such as question and image banks. This is the essential companion text for any student studying sport and exercise science at degree level.
Acknowledgements Introduction SECTION 1: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1. Sport and Exercise in the Life Sciences Plunging into the gene pool Evolution, diversity and classification Levels of biological organization The chemistry of life Reactions and enzymes in metabolism Structure and function Scientific study References and further reading 2. Human Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Studying and visualizing the human body Anatomical terms Tissue types The integumentary system The skeleton and movement Major muscles and joints of the body References and further reading 3. Human Physiological Systems Homeostasis The nervous and endocrine systems The cardiovascular system The respiratory system The lymphatic and immune systems The digestive, hepatic and renal systems The liver and biliary system Renal and urinary system References and further reading 4. Skeletal Muscle Physiology and Metabolism Muscle fibres and types Nerve and muscle connection Innervation Molecular features of the sarcomere and muscle cell Energetics and metabolism Pathways of energy metabolism in skeletal muscle Muscle cell fibre types and exercise performance References and further reading 5. Energy Balance and Body Composition Food and the diet Why do we eat? Body composition measurement Energy balance over time Energy and nutrient intake and its estimation Fuels for exercise Energy substrates of the body tissues and their metabolism Energy expenditure and its measurement Physical activity level, and determinants of energy expenditure Energy balance - techniques in perspective Diet and physiological status Exercise nutrition Hydration and rehydration in sport and exercise References and further reading 6. Lifestyle Factors Affecting Health Health Measurement of health Factors affecting health and health promotion strategies Physical inactivity, health and disease Nutrition, health and disease Alcohol, health and disease Smoking, health and disease Recreational drugs, health and disease References and further reading SECTION 2: BIOMECHANICS 7. Introduction to Sports Biomechanics What is sports mechanics? Sub-branches of mechanics History of biomechanics Biomechanical models What do sports biomechanists do? References and further reading 8. Human and Linear Kinematic Concepts Kinematic concepts Kinematics versus kinetics Linear kinematics Displacement versus distance Velocity versus speed Vector resolution and composition Acceleration Interpreting graphs of kinematic data An introduction to gait analysis The biomechanics of running Projectile motion References and further reading 9. Linear Kinetics: The Study of Force and Movement Newton's laws of motion Gravitational force The application of Newton's laws of motion Enhancing force production Friction The free body diagram Stress and strain The relationship between load and deformation Stability and balance Centre of pressure Stability Work, power and energy Assessing power output Kinetic energy Potential energy Conservation of mechanical energy Impulse and momentum Impact Centre of percussion References and further reading 10. Angular Kinematics Angular displacement Angular velocity Angular acceleration Movement patterns The kinetic link principle Application of angular velocity and acceleration Relationship between linear and angular motion References and further reading 11. Angular Kinetics Inertia and moments of Inertia Torque The use of eccentric forces to initiate rotation of the body The moment arm Levers Lever systems and mechanical advantage Tendon insertion variation Muscle contractions Force-velocity relationship Length-tension relationship Centripetal and centrifugal forces Angular analogues of Newton's laws &nbs