Small Animal Dental Procedures for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses is a comprehensive, procedures-based resource for technicians and nurses involved with all aspects of canine, feline, and exotic animal dentistry. Heavily illustrated and clinically oriented, this training manual provides step-by-step instructions on the oral exam, anesthesia, cleaning and radiology, as well as the necessary background on dental anatomy, common diseases and terminology. Each chapter includes learning objectives and key terms to promote retention, and a companion website provides review questions, training exercises, images from the book and additional images in PowerPoint, chapter glossaries, and forms available for download. Fully authored by Veterinary Technician Specialists in Dentistry, the book covers all aspects of veterinary dentistry that a technician will encounter in daily practice, with a special emphasis on the technician's role relative to dental procedures.
With extensive full-color pictures, review questions and glossary terms, Small Animal Dental Procedures for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses is equally useful for veterinary technician or nursing students, technicians or nurses in practice, and those pursuing their specialty certification in veterinary dentistry.
Contributors xiii Foreword by Judy Ozier xv Foreword from Academy of Veterinary Dental Technicians xvii Preface xix Acknowledgments xxi 1: The Basics 3 Gerianne Holzman Anatomy of the Skull 4 Odontogenesis 12 Anatomy of the Tooth 15 Directional Terminology 18 Training and Key Terms: Online only 2: The Examination Room and the Dental Patient 23 Mary Berg Introduction 24 The Client Interview 24 The Oral Examination: Conscious Patient 25 The Dental Estimate (Treatment Plan) 27 Training and Key Terms: Online only 3: Components of the Dental Operatory 29 Benita Cherry Dental Delivery Units 30 Dental Handpieces 32 Power Scalers 34 Dental Tables 38 Ergonomics and Personal Protection 41 Training, Key Terms, and Supplemental Figures: Online only 4: Anesthesia and the Dental Patient 45 Annie Mills Introduction 46 Anesthesia for the Dental Patient 46 Anesthetic Equipment 47 Monitoring Anesthesia and Common Complications 50 Pain Management in the Dental Patient 53 Training, Key Terms, and "Anesthesia Cheat Sheet": Online only 5: The Dental Cleaning 59 Julie McMahon Introduction 60 Common Instrumentation for the Dental Cleaning 61 The Dental Record 64 The Dental Cleaning Procedure 67 Purpose of the Oral Exam and Charting 67 Cleaning the Teeth Using the Power Scaler 74 Dental Cleaning with Hand Instrumentation 75 Polishing 78 Recovery 79 Home Care 80 Equipment and Instrument Care 82 Training, Key Terms, Supplemental Figures, "Brushing the Teeth," and "Developing a Home Dental Health Care Plan": Online only 6: Dental Radiology 87 Laurel Bird Radiography in Veterinary Dentistry 88 The Dental X-Ray Unit 88 Dental Film and Processing 90 Positioning for Taking Dental Radiographs 94 Care and Storage of Images 100 Anatomy of the Dental Radiograph 101 Training, Key Terms, and Supplemental Figures: Online only 7: Common Dental Conditions and Treatments 105 Jeanne R. Perrone, Sara Sharp, and Patricia A. March Introduction 106 Periodontal Disease 106 Jeanne R. Perrone What is Periodontal Disease? 106 Pathogenesis of Periodontal Disease 106 Clinical Signs 108 Radiographic Signs 108 Treatment and Therapies 111 Summary 114 Training, Key Terms, Supplemental Figures, "Dental Extractions," "Extraction Instrumentation," "Flap Procedures," "Oronasal Fistula," "Periodontal Instrumentation," and "Stages of Periodontal Disease": Online only Endodontic Disease 115 Sara Sharp Anatomy of the Pulp 115 Indications for Endodontic Therapy Due to Trauma 115 The Endodontic Exam 116 The Endodontic Treatment 117 In Conclusion 123 Training, Key Terms, and Supplemental Figures: Online only Malocclusion 123 Patricia A. March Normal Occlusion 123 Types and Treatments of Malocclusions 124 Position Statements 126 Treatment of Malocclusions 127 Training, Key Terms, and Supplemental Figures: Online only Jaw Fracture Management 130 Patricia A. March Types and Treatments for Jaw Fractures 130 Training, Key Terms, Supplemental Figures, and "Tape Muzzle": Online only Oral Tumors 134 Patricia A. March Benign Oral Tumors and Treatments 135 Malignant Oral Tumors and Treatments 137 Charting and Preparation of Samples 139 Training, Key Terms, and Supplemental Figures: Online only 8: Feline Dentistry 143 Jennifer Crawford and Billie Jean (Jeannie) Losey Introduction 144 Gingivostomatitis 144 Jennifer Crawford Introduction 144 Symptoms of Gingivostomatitis 145 Diagnostics 147 Oral Evaluation 147 Treatments 148 Summary 151 Key Terms and Supplemental Figures: Online only Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex 151 Billie Jean (Jeannie) Losey Eosinophilic Ulcers 151 Eosinophilic Plaque 151 Collagenolytic Granuloma 152 Causes 152 Symptoms 152 Diagnostics 153 Treatments 153 Key Terms: Online only Feline Tooth Resorption 154 Billie Jean (Jeannie) Losey Definition and Symptoms 154 Stages of Tooth Resorption 156 Diagnostics 158 Charting 158 Treatment 159 Key Terms and Supplemental Figures: Online only Training: Online only 9: Dentistry and the Exotic Patient 161 Kathy Istace Challenges of Exotic Dentistry 162 Rodent Dentistry 162 Caviomorph Rodents (Guinea Pigs, Chinchillas, Degus) 162 Murine Rodents (Rats, Mice, Hamsters, Gerbils) 162 Oral Examination of Rodents 165 Anesthesia and Pain Management 165 Common Dental Problems of Rodents 167 Dental Instruments 168 Husbandry and Home Care 169 Miscellaneous Small Pets 169 Supplemental Figures: Online only Rabbit Dentistry 170 Oral Anatomy and Dentition of Rabbits 170 Oral Examination of Rabbits 171 Anesthesia and Pain Management 172 Common Dental Problems of Rabbits 174 Dental Instruments 176 Husbandry and Home Care 176 Supplemental Figures: Online only Ferret Dentistry 177 Oral Anatomy and Dentition of Ferrets 177 Oral Examination of Ferrets 177 Anesthesia and Pain Management 177 Common Dental Problems of Ferrets 180 Dental Instruments 181 Husbandry and Home Care 181 Supplemental Figures: Online only Dental Radiography for the Exotic Patient 181 Materials and Equipment 181 Rodents and Rabbits 182 Ferrets 184 Supplemental Figures: Online only Training; Key Terms; Dental Assessment Charts for Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Chinchilla, Rat, Mouse, Hamster, and Ferret: Online only 10: Discharging the Dental Patient 187 Patricia Dominguez Discharge Instructions: What You Need 188 The Importance of Photographs and Radiographs 192 Managing Recheck Visits 194 Reminders: How Often Should Dental Patients Return? 195 Training and Key Terms: Online only Appendices 197 1. Home Oral Health Care Interview Form 197 2. Canine Dental Chart 198 3. Feline Dental Chart 200 4. Dental Procedure Estimate 202 5. Dental Procedure Release Form 203 6. Dental Radiograph Template 204 7. Discharge Take Home Instructions Example 206 8. Discharge Take Home Pictures: Simple Example 208 9. Discharge Take Home Pictures: Detailed Example 209 Index 217 For materials available online only, go to www.wiley.com/go/perrone .