Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects demonstrates the progress and promise of developing new chemical substances from renewable sources of chemical raw materials. The volume brings together new achievements in the field of research and processing of plant raw materials and the synthesis of natural compounds for the production of biologically active substances and drugs. The volume looks closely at the rational use of renewable raw materials, which is the source of new compounds and intermediates for the chemical industry. It covers a wide range of problems associated with the use of the components of plants to produce new substances with a wide variety of purposes. According to the latest estimates, plants form about a million chemical substances. In some cases, plant products have pharmacological or biological activity that can be of therapeutic benefit in treating diseases. In addition, due to the structural diversity of plant material, chemical synthesis is easily reachable. Synthetic analogs of natural products with improved potency and safety can be prepared by chemical synthesis. Such synthetic analogs are safer for humans.
Plant materials are often used as starting points for drug discovery. Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects presents the theoretical trends and recent practical achievements on complex processing of plant-based raw materials. Low molecular weight components, isolated from plant material, are widely used in fine organic synthesis. High molecular weight polysaccharides of conifers and other greens, such as pectin and hemicellulose, are the basis for the creation of anticoagulants and other drugs. The range of research papers presented in the book is quite wide: from fundamental and applied problems of wood chemistry and organic synthesis to biological activity of natural compounds. The book provides valuable information for those skilled in organic chemistry, chemical engineers, researchers and scientists as well as for faculty and upper-level students.
This volume, Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects, was created on the initiative of Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) and the Institute of Chemistry of Komi Scientific Center of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar).
Synthesis and Transformations of 2, 3-Secotriterpene Derivatives of Betulin Irina A. Tolmacheva, Natalia V. Galaiko, Ekaterina V. Igosheva, Anastasiya V. Konysheva, Alexey V. Nazarov, Gulnaz F. Krainova, Marina N. Gorbunova, Eugene I. Boreko, Vladimir F. Eremin, and Victoria V. Grishko Synthesis and Membrane-Protective Properties of Sulfur-Containing Derivatives of Monoterpenoides with Monosaccharide Fragments Aleksandr V. Kutchin, Svetlana V. Pestova, Evgeny S. Izmest'ev, Oksana G. Shevchenko, and Svetlana A. Rubtsova The Synthesis and Properties of New Oxygen and Nitrogen Containing Terpene Acid Derivatives Maksim P. Bei and Anatolij P. Yuvchenko Structural and Chemical Modification of Cellulose in Phosphotungstic Acid: Formic Acid System and Sulfation Prepared Derivatives Elena V. Udoratina and Michael A. Torlopov Effect of Complexation with Phospholipids and Polarity of Medium on the Reactivity of Phenolic Antioxidants Lyudmila N. Shishkina, Lidiya I. Mazaletskaya, Kseniya M. Marakulina, Yuliya K. Lukanina, Irina G. Plashchina, and Nataliya I. Sheludchenko Biocatalytic Conversion of Lignocellulose Materials to Fatty Acids and Ethanol with Subsequent Esterification Sergey D. Varfolomeev, Marina A. Gladchenko, Sergey N. Gaydamaka, Valentina P. Murygina, Violetta B. Volieva, Nona L. Komissarova, Farid M. Gumerov, Rustem A. Usmanov, and Elena V. Koversanova Mechanism of Ammonia Immobilization by Peat and Obtaining of Peat-Based Sorbent Alexander R. Tsyganov, Aleksey Em. Tomson, Victor P. Strigutskiy, Victoriya S. Pehtereva, Tamara V. Sokolova, Svetlana B. Selyanina, Marina V. Trufanova, and Tamara Ig. Ponomareva Problem of Modification of Technical Lignins Using Acylation Method Andrey V. Protopopov, Danil D. Efryushin, and Vadim V. Konshin Compounds of Plant Origin as AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Activators Daria S. Novikova, Gleb S. Ivanov, Alexander V. Garabadzhiu, and Viacheslav G. Tribulovich Effects of Low Doses of Savory Essential Oil Dietary Supplementation on Lifetime and the Fatty Acid Composition of the Ageing Mice Tissues Tamara A. Misharina, Valery N. Yerokhin, and Lujdmila D. Fatkullina Technology for Obtaining of Biopreparations and Investigation of Their Effectiveness Tatyana V. Khurshkainen and Alexander V. Kutchin Plant Growth and Development Regulators and Their Effect on the Functional State of Mitochondria Irina V. Zhigacheva and Elena B. Burlakova Amaranth: Bioindicator of Toxic Soils Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Johnny G. Kachmazov, and Ekaterina S. Ayskhanova Antiradical Properties of Essential Oils and Extracts from Spices Tamara A. Misharina and Ekaterina S. Alinkina The Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Wild-Growing and Intoduced Plants of the Astrakhan Region Anatoly V. Velikorodov, Vyacheslav B. Kovalev, Svyatoslav B. Nosachev, Alexey G. Tyrkov, Maria V. Petelina, and Ekaterina V. Shchepetova