Over the last twenty years, historians have become increasingly interested in the role of non-state organizations in the development of welfare services. This study is particularly focused on the role of friendly societies and other insurance bodies in the provision of aid for the elderly and the sick. Essays examine the origins and development of welfare both in Europe and America, and concentrate on the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They consider the relationship between the commercial sector and the state, and examine some of the ways in which these organizations continue to contribute to welfare provision. The volume will be relevant not just to historians, but also to policy makers involved in healthcare today.
Introduction - Bernard Harris 1 Coalminers, Accidents and Insurance in Late Nineteenth-Century England - John Benson 2 The Costs and Benefits of Size in a Manual Insurance System: The German Miners' - Knappschaften, 1854-1923: - Timothy W Guinnane, Tobias A Jopp and Jochen Streb 3 A New Welfare System: Friendly Societies in the Eastern Lombardy from 1860 to 1914 - Paolo Tedeschi 4 Economic Growth and Demand for Health Coverage in Spain: The Role of Friendly Societies (1870-1942) - Margarita Vilar Rodriguez and Jeronia Pons Pons 5 Sickness Insurance and Welfare Reform in England and Wales, 1870-1914 - Bernard Harris, Martin Gorsky, Aravinda Guntupalli and Andrew Hinde 6 From Sickness to Death: Revisiting the Financial Viability of the English Friendly Societies, 1875-1908 - Nicholas Broten 7 America's Rejection of Government Health Insurance in the Progressive Era: Implications for Understanding the Determinants and Achievements of Public Insurance of Health Risks - J C Herbert Emery 8 Medical Assistance Provided by La Conciliacion, a Pamplona Mutual Assistance Association (1902-84) - Pilar Leon-Sanz 9 In it for the Money? Insurers, Sickness Funds and the Dominance of Not-for-Profit Health Insurance in the Netherlands - R A A Vonk 10 Belgian Mutual Health Insurance and the Nation State - Daniele Rigter