Urban codes have a profound influence on urban form, affecting the design and placement of buildings, streets and public spaces. Historically, their use has helped create some of our best-loved urban environments, while recent advances in coding have been a growing focus of attention, particularly in Britain and North America. However, the full potential for the role of codes has yet to be realized. In Urban Coding and Planning, Stephen Marshall and his contributors investigate the nature and scope of coding; its purposes; the kinds of environments it creates; and, perhaps most importantly, its relationship to urban planning. By bringing together historical and ongoing traditions of coding from around the world - with chapters describing examples from the United Kingdom, France, India, China, Japan, Australia, South Africa, the United States and Latin America - this book provides lessons for today's theory and practice of place-making.
1. Introduction Stephen Marshall 2. A Chronicle of Urban Codes in Pre-Industrial London's Streets and Squares Nick Green 3. The Controlling Urban Code of Enlightenment Scotland Charles K. McKean 4. The Ideal and the Real: Urban Codes in the Spanish-American Lettered City Jean-Francois Lejeune 5. Paradigms for Design: the Vastu Vidya Codes of India Vibhuti Sachdev 6. Prescribing the Ideal City: Building Codes and Planning Principles in Beijing Qinghua Guo 7. Machizukuri and Urban Codes in Historical and Contemporary Kyoto Yoshihiko Baba 8. Adelaide's Urban Design: Pendular Swings in Concepts and Codes Barrie Shelton 9. Coding in the French Planning System: From Building Line to Morphological Zoning Karl Kropf 10. Coding as 'Bottom-Up' Planning: Developing a New African Urbanism Gerald Steyn 11. How Codes Shaped Development in the United States, and Why They Should Be Changed Jonathan Barnett 12. Conclusions Stephen Marshall