Surgical practice has changed enormously since the first edition of Surgical Critical Care Vivas, as shown by the introduction of the MRCS Part B OSCE. This landmark book has been fully updated to reflect the latest NICE and SIGN guidelines and common ALS principles in critical care patients, as well as current ATLS® and CCrISP® guidelines (such as CT scanning in trauma). The alphabetical format of the previous edition is replaced by an ABCDE chapter format, incorporating an escalating level of diagnostic and management complexity in conjunction with a concise mini-bibliography in each chapter, enabling the reader to rapidly access the required information. Covering both non-ICU-based patients and basic fundamentals of ICU care, the chapters introduce standard definitions, pathological processes and diagnostic features, before discussing common investigations and suggested management plans. A must-have revision guide for all surgical trainees, from final year medical students through to junior surgical registrars.
Acknowledgments; List of abbreviations; Ward Care (Levels 0–2): Part I. Airway: Section 1. Assessment: 1. Airway assessment; Section 2. Basic Concepts: 2. Oxygen: basic physiology; 3. Carbon dioxide: basic physiology; 4. Oxygen: therapy; 5. Oxygen monitoring (pulse oximetry); Section 3. Procedures: 6. Airway adjuncts; Part II. Breathing: Section 4. Assessment: 7. Respiratory assessment; Section 5. Basic Concepts: 8. Atelectasis; 9. Bronchiectasis; 10. Pneumonia; 11. Pneumothorax; Section 6. Complex Concepts: 12. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS); 13. Flail chest; 14. Pulmonary thromboembolism (PE); 15. Respiratory failure; Section 7. Procedures: 16. Chest drains: the surgical way; Part III. Circulation: Section 8. Assessment: 17. Cardiac assessment; Section 9. Basic Concepts: 18. Blood pressure monitoring; 19. Blood products; 20. Blood transfusion; 21. ECG: basic concepts; 22. ECG: complex concepts; 23. Fluid therapy; 24. Jugular venous pulse (JVP); Section 10. Complex Concepts: 25. Aortic dissection; 26. Cardiogenic shock; 27. Coagulation defects; 28. Disseminated intravascular coagulation; 29. Fat embolism syndrome; 30. Haemorrhagic shock; Section 11. Procedures: 31. Arterial lines: intra-arterial blood pressure monitoring; 32. Central access: central lines; Part IV. Disability (Neurological Evaluation): Section 12. Assessment: 33. Neurological assessment; Section 13. Basic Concepts: 34. Analgesia; Section 14. Complex Concepts: 35. Cerebral physiology: basic principles; 36. Cerebral pathophysiology: basic principles; 37. Spinal injury; Section 15. Procedures: 38. Lumbar puncture; Part V. Exposure (Everything Else): Section 16. Renal: 39. Acid-base balance; 40. Metabolic acidosis; 41. Metabolic alkalosis; 42. Lactic acidosis; 43. Electrolyte balance: calcium (and phosphate); 44. Electrolyte balance: magnesium; 45. Electrolyte balance potassium; 46. Electrolyte balance: sodium; 47. Oliguria: low urine output state; 48. Renal failure: acute kidney injury (AKI); 49. Renal failure: chronic kidney disease (CKD); Section 17. Other Systemic Processes: 50. Burns; 51. Nutrition: basic concepts; 52. Nutrition: enteral; 53. Nutrition: parenteral (TPN); 54. Rhabdomyolysis; 55. Systemic response to trauma; Intensive Care (Level 3): Part VI. Intensive Care Unit: Section 18. Assessment: 56. Agitation and sedation; Section 19. Complex Concepts: 57. Brainstem death and organ donation; 58. Circulatory support: inotropic agents; 59. Endotracheal intubation; 60. Extubation and weaning; 61. ICU admission criteria; 62. Mechanical ventilation and support; 63. Pulmonary artery catheters; 64. Renal replacement therapy; 65. Septic shock; 66. Transfer of the critically ill patient; Section 20. Procedures: 67. Tracheostomy; Index.