This selection of articles from the "Encyclopedia of the Eye" covering retina, optics/optic nerve and comparative topics constitutes the first reference for scientists, post docs, and graduate students with an interest beyond standard textbook materials. It covers the full spectrum of research on the retina - from the basic biochemistry of how nerve cells are created to information on neurotransmitters, comparisons of the structure and neuroscience of peripheral vision systems in different species, and all the way through to injury repair and other clinical applications. This is the first single volume to integrate comparative studies into a comprehensive resource on the neuroscience of the retina. Chapters are carefully selected from the "Encyclopedia of the Eye" by one of the world's leading vision researchers. The best researchers in the field provide their conclusions in the context of the latest experimental results.