This selection of articles from the "Encyclopedia of the Eye" is the first single-volume overview presenting articles on the function, biology, physiology, and pathology of the structures of the ocular periphery, as well as the related disorders and their treatment. The peripheral structures are implicated in a number of important diseases, including optic neuritis, thyroid eye disease, and strabismus. The volume offers a basic science background of these topics rather than a strictly clinical focus. This is the first single volume to integrate comparative studies into a comprehensive resource on the neuroscience of the ocular periphery. Chapters are carefully selected from the "Encyclopedia of the Eye" by the world's leading vision researchers. The best researchers in the field provide their conclusions in the context of the latest experimental results.