Edited by renowned instrumentation experts, this new edition of a bestselling handbook brings together nearly 150 contributors covering all aspects of the design and implementation of instrumentation. It describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences. Organized according to measurement problem, each section addresses the different ways of making a measurement for a given variable. Each chapter is completed updated and presents basic information, a detailed mathematical treatment, advanced applications, evaluative options, and areas for future studies. This volume covers spatial, time, and mechanical measurement.