This book deals with the hybrid approach in atrial fibrillation and interventional valve approaches. The hybrid approach in atrial fibrillation treatment requires a cooperation between cardiologists and surgeons as previously required in the treatment of the Wolff-Parkinson-White
syndrome and in the early days of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator implants. The catheter valve implantation development is more than a revolutionary way to replace the aortic valve. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) did not persevere as it was once proclaimed. In its slipstream, however, numerous tools and techniques that definitively enriched the equipment and possibilities of the modern cardiac surgeon have become available. Similarly, the catheter valve procedure brought about the generally appreciated
awareness that this is just the beginning of a whole new era. It opens up the beating cardiac chambers as a new working field, giving access to tools and procedures that up till now need cardiac arrest and direct vision in the absence of blood. The focus of the book is on the intriguing potential of crossing borders between interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and electrophysiologists.