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History and Clinical Examination at a Glance
Series: At a Glance
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Main description:

Every medical student must be able to take an accurate history and perform a physical examination. This third edition of
History and Clinical Examination at a Glance provides a concise, highly illustrated companion to help you develop these vital skills as you practice on the wards. Building on an overview of the patient/doctor relationship and basic enquiry, the text supports learning either by system or presentation of common conditions, with step–by–step and evidence–based information to support clinical examination and help you formulate a sound differential diagnosis.

History and Clinical Examination at a Glance features:



  • Succinct text and full colour illustrations, including many brand new clinical photographs

  • A new section on the development of communication skills, which explains how to communicate in different circumstances, and with different groups of people

  • A self–assessment framework which can be used individually, by tutors, or in group practice to prepare for OSCEs


History and Clinical Examination at a Glance is the perfect guide for medical, health science students, and junior doctors, as an ideal resource for clinical attachments, last–minute revision, or whenever you need a refresher.


Back cover:

Every medical student must be able to take an accurate history and perform a physical examination. This third edition of
History and Clinical Examination at a Glance provides a concise, highly illustrated companion to help you develop these vital skills as you practice on the wards. Building on an overview of the patient/doctor relationship and basic enquiry, the text supports learning either by system or presentation of common conditions, with step–by–step and evidence–based information to support clinical examination and help you formulate a sound differential diagnosis.

History and Clinical Examination at a Glance features:



  • Succinct text and full colour illustrations, including many brand new clinical photographs

  • A new section on the development of communication skills, which explains how to communicate in different circumstances, and with different groups of people

  • A self–assessment framework which can be used individually, by tutors, or in group practice to prepare for OSCEs


History and Clinical Examination at a Glance is the perfect guide for medical, health science students, and junior doctors, as an ideal resource for clinical attachments, last–minute revision, or whenever you need a refresher.


Contents:

Preface 7

List of abbreviations 9


Part 1 Communication skills


1 Fundamental communication skills 10


2 Communicating information 12


3 Communicating bad news 14


4 Communicating with relatives 16


5 Cultural differences 18


6 Exploring sensitive issues 20


7 History and examination in clinical exams 22


Part 2 Taking a history


8 Relationship with patient 24


9 History of presenting complaint 26


10 Past medical history, drugs and allergies 28


11 Family and social history 30


12 Functional enquiry 31


Part 3 History and examination of the systems


13 Is the patient ill? 32


14 Principles of examination 34


15 The cardiovascular system 36


16 The respiratory system 40


17 The gastrointestinal system 42


18 The male genitourinary system 44


19 Gynaecological history and examination 46


20 Breast examination 48


21 Obstetric history and examination 49


22 The nervous system 50


23 The musculoskeletal system 54


24 Skin 56


25 The visual system 58


26 Examination of the ears, nose, mouth, throat, thyroid and neck 60


27 Examination of urine 61


28 The psychiatric assessment 62


29 Examination of the legs 65


30 General examination 66


31 Presenting a history and examination 68


Part 4 Presentations


32 Chest pain 70


33 Abdominal pain 72


34 Headache 74


35 Vomiting, diarrhoea and change in bowel habit 76


36 Gastrointestinal haemorrhage 79


37 Indigestion and dysphagia 80


38 Weight loss 82


39 Fatigue 84


40 The unconscious patient 86


41 The intensive care unit patient 88


42 Back pain 90


43 Hypertension 92


44 Swollen legs 94


45 Jaundice 95


46 Postoperative fever 96


47 Suspected meningitis 97


48 Anaemia 98


49 Lymphadenopathy 100


50 Cough 101


51 Confusion 102


52 Lump 104


53 Breast lump 105


54 Palpitations/arrhythmias 106


55 Joint problems 107


56 Red eye 108


57 Dizziness 109


58 Breathlessness 110


59 Dysuria and haematuria 112


60 Attempted suicide 114


61 Immunosuppressed patients 116


62 Diagnosing death 117


63 Shock 118


64 Trauma 120


65 Alcohol–related problems 122


66 Collapse 124


Part 5 Conditions


Cardiovascular


67 Myocardial infarction and angina 126


68 Hypovolaemia 128


69 Heart failure 130


70 Mitral stenosis 132


71 Mitral regurgitation 133


72 Aortic stenosis 134


73 Aortic regurgitation 136


74 Tricuspid regurgitation 138


75 Pulmonary stenosis 139


76 Congenital heart disease 140


77 Aortic dissection 142


78 Aortic aneurysm 144


79 Infective endocarditis 146


80 Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis 148


81 Prosthetic cardiac valves 150


82 Peripheral vascular disease 151


Endocrine/metabolic


83 Diabetes mellitus 152


84 Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism 154


85 Addison s disease and Cushing s syndrome 156


86 Hypopituitarism 157


87 Acromegaly 158


Nephrology and urology


88 Renal failure 160


89 Polycystic kidney disease 162


90 Nephrotic syndrome 163


91 Urinary symptoms 164


92 Testicular lumps 166


Gastrointestinal


93 Chronic liver disease 168


94 Infl ammatory bowel disease 170


95 Splenomegaly/hepatosplenomegaly 171


96 Acute abdomen 172


97 Pancreatitis 174


98 Abdominal mass 176


99 Appendicitis 177


Respiratory


100 Asthma 178


101 Pneumonia 180


102 Pleural effusion 181


103 Fibrosing alveolitis, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis and sarcoidosis 182


104 Carcinoma of the lung 184


105 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 186


106 Pneumothorax 188


107 Tuberculosis 189


Neurology


108 Stroke 190


109 Parkinson s disease 192


110 Motor neurone disease 193


111 Multiple sclerosis 194


112 Peripheral neuropathy 196


113 Carpal tunnel syndrome 197


114 Myotonic dystrophy and muscular dystrophy 198


115 Myasthenia gravis 200


116 Cerebellar disorders 201


117 Dementia 202


Musculoskeletal


118 Rheumatoid arthritis 204


119 Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis 206


120 Gout and Paget s disease 208


121 Ankylosing spondylitis 209


Other


122 Systemic lupus erythematosus and vasculitis 210


123 Malignant disease 212


124 Scleroderma 213


125 AIDS and HIV 214


Appendix: A self–assessment framework of communication skills in history and examination 216


Index 217


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9781118286623
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd (Wiley–Blackwell)
Publication date: January, 2012
Pages: 232
Dimensions: 221.00 x 274.00 x 10.31

Subcategories: Diseases and Disorders, Medical Diagnosis

MEET THE AUTHOR

Jonathan Gleadle is Professor of Medicine at Flinders University and Consultant Nephrologist at Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia. He was formerly University Lecturer in Nephrology and General Medicine at Oxford University.