Since the first edition of this very successful book was written to synthesise and review the enormous body of work covering falls in older people, there has been an even greater wealth of informative and promising studies designed to increase our understanding of risk factors and prevention strategies. This second edition, first published in 2007, is written in three parts: epidemiology, strategies for prevention, and future research directions. New material includes recent studies covering: balance studies using tripping, slipping and stepping paradigms; sensitivity and depth perception visual risk factors; neurophysiological research on automatic or reflex balance activities; and the roles of syncope, vitamin D, cataract surgery, health and safety education, and exercise programs. This edition will be an invaluable update for clinicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, researchers, and all those working in community, hospital and residential or rehabilitation aged care settings.
Part I. Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Falls: 1. Epidemiology of falls and fall-related injuries; 2. Postural stability and falls; 3. Gait patterns and falls; 4. Sensory and neuromuscular risk factors for falls; 5. Psychological factors and falls; 6. Medical risk factors for falls; 7. Medications as risk factors for falls; 8. Environmental risk factors for falls; 9. The relative importance of falls risk factors - an evidence-based summary; Part II. Strategies for Prevention: Overview: falls prevention; 10. Exercise interventions to prevent falls; 11. Exercise interventions to improve physical functioning; 12. Medical management of older people at risk of falls; 13. Assistive devices and falls prevention; 14. Modifying the environment to prevent falls; 15. Prevention of falls in hospitals and residential aged care facilities; 16. A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention; 17. Falls prevention strategies - from research into practice; Part III. Research Issues in Falls Prevention: 18. Falls in older people: future directions for research.