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Biosecurity
Understanding, Assessing, and Preventing the Threat
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Main description:

Learn how to assess and prevent biosecurity threats toprotect public health and national security


With contributions from experts in all facets of biosecurity,this book explains the fundamental elements of biosecurity as wellas the related concepts of biosafety and biosurety, detailing howall three concepts fit within the framework of biodefense. Readersare then given the tools needed to assess and prevent biosecuritythreats and vulnerabilities. The book explores the nature ofbiosecurity threats to research laboratories as well as toagriculture, food, and mass transit. Moreover, readers will learnhow to apply principles of biosecurity to assess epidemics andprotect public health.


Biosecurity takes a detailed look at today′s biosecuritypolicy, explaining how it is likely to evolve given current andpotential threats to national security. The authors stress theimportance of education and advocacy, helping readers developeffective programs to build public awareness and preparedness. Thebook also presents a novel tool to assess the effectiveness oflaboratory biosafety and biosecurity programs.


Biosecurity is divided into four parts:



  • Part I: An Introduction to Biosecurity

  • Part II: Elements of Biosecurity

  • Part III: Biosecurity in Various Sectors

  • Part IV: Biosecurity Policy, Bioterrorism, and theFuture


This book will instill a deep understanding of what biosecurityis and what it is not. It urges readers to think about theimportance of biosecurity as it relates to national security,safety, and health. By exposing major flaws in global biosecuritythinking, Biosecurity sets forth a clear pathway to correctthose errors and build stronger biosecurity programs.


Back cover:

Learn how to assess and prevent biosecurity threats toprotect public health and national security


With contributions from experts in all facets of biosecurity,this book explains the fundamental elements of biosecurity as wellas the related concepts of biosafety and biosurety, detailing howall three concepts fit within the framework of biodefense. Readersare then given the tools needed to assess and prevent biosecuritythreats and vulnerabilities. The book explores the nature ofbiosecurity threats to research laboratories as well as toagriculture, food, and mass transit. Moreover, readers will learnhow to apply principles of biosecurity to assess epidemics andprotect public health.


Biosecurity takes a detailed look at today′s biosecuritypolicy, explaining how it is likely to evolve given current andpotential threats to national security. The authors stress theimportance of education and advocacy, helping readers developeffective programs to build public awareness and preparedness. Thebook also presents a novel tool to assess the effectiveness oflaboratory biosafety and biosecurity programs.


Biosecurity is divided into four parts:



  • Part I: An Introduction to Biosecurity

  • Part II: Elements of Biosecurity

  • Part III: Biosecurity in Various Sectors

  • Part IV: Biosecurity Policy, Bioterrorism, and theFuture


This book will instill a deep understanding of what biosecurityis and what it is not. It urges readers to think about theimportance of biosecurity as it relates to national security,safety, and health. By exposing major flaws in global biosecuritythinking, Biosecurity sets forth a clear pathway to correctthose errors and build stronger biosecurity programs.


Contents:

Preface ix


Author Affiliation xi


Acknowledgments xv


About the Author xix


PART I An Introduction to Biosecurity 1


Chapter 1 Defining Biosecurity and Related Concepts 3
Ryan Burnette, Jenna Hess, Joseph Kozlovac, and Jonathan Richmond


What is Biosecurity? 3


Related Concepts 4


Risk Management and Prioritization in Biosecurity 12


Basic Components of Biosecurity 13


Conclusion 14


Chapter 2 Biosecurity as a Function of Biosafety Microbiological Laboratories 17
Jonathan Y. Richmond, Ryan Burnette, Gigi Kwik Gronvall


Introduction 17


Evolving Steps towards Biosecurity 18


Biosecurity is Embedded in Biosafety Programs 20


Control Access to High–Consequence Pathogens and Toxins 22


Accountability 22


Occupational Health Programs 23


Biosafety Culture 23


Conclusion 24


Chapter 3 A Perspective of Biosecurity: Past to Present 27
Robert J. Hawley and Joseph P. Kozlovac


Introduction 27


Biological Warfare 28


Bioterrorism 30


Biocrime 34


Bioaccidents 37


Conclusion 41


PART II E LEMENTS OF BIOSECURITY 49


Chapter 4 Physical Elements of Biosecurity 51
Jeff Slayton, Daniel N. Apple, and Ben Perman


Introduction 51


Protecting and Securing Biological Materials 51


Breaking Down the Program:


The Six Security Capabilities 58


Architecture, Engineering and


Work Practice Considerations 63


Operations and Sustainment 67


Conclusion 70


Chapter 5 Operational Elements of Biosecurity 71
J. Craig Reed, and Debra C. Sharpe


Introduction 71


The Biosecurity Process 72


Biosecurity Challenges Associated with Different Institutions 82


New Regulatory Requirements 84


Conclusion 87


Chapter 6 Basic Principles of Threat Assessment 89
Ben Perman, Lindsay T. Odell, Jason Griffeth, and Daniel N. Apple


Introduction 89


A Comprehensive Approach to Biosecurity 89


Safety versus Security: Risk vesus Threat 90


The Purposes and Requirements of Basic Suitability and Threat Assessment Programs 102


Conclusion 108


PART III BIOSECURITY IN VARIOUS SECTORS 111


Chapter 7 Biosecurity in Research Laboratories 113
Kavita M. Berger


Introduction 113


Laboratory Biosecurity 114


The Select Agent Program 115


Conclusion 122


Chapter 8 Biosecurity in the Food and Agricultural Industries 129
Henry S. Parker


Introduction 129


The U.S. Food and Agriculture Infrastructure 129


Food Defense 132


Food Defense: Protecting U.S. Food and Agriculture from Intentional Disruption 145


Conclusion 150


Chapter 9 Biosecurity in Mass Transportation Networks 155
Brian K. George


Introduction 155


Mass Transit Systems and Vulnerabilities 155


Federal, State, and Local Biosecurity Activities and Planning 157


Conclusion 164


Chapter 10 Utilizing Biosecurity Principles to Combat Naturally Occurring Epidemics 167
J. Craig Reed, Robert A. Heckert, Patricia Delarosa, and Vera Ettenger


Introduction 167


Separating Deliberate Outbreaks from Naturally Occurring Epidemics 168


The Need for Biosafety and Biosecurity in the Response to a Naturally Occurring Outbreak 169


Assessing Biosafety and Biosecurity Risks in Public Health: The Science of Biosecurity 172


Increasing Security Functions through the Application of Biosecurity to Public Health 174


Challenges Associated with the International Coordination of Outbreak Response 175


Biosecurity Impediments to International Health Programs 178


Conclusion 180


PART IV BIOSECURITY POLICY, BIOTERRORIS M AND THE FUTURE 185


Chapter 11 Current Efforts to Fortify Biosecurity Policy in the U.S. 187
Gigi Kwik Gronvall


Introduction 187


Emerging Policies Limiting Access to Pathogens and Enhancing Laboratory Security 188


Policies that Focus on Dual–Use Research of Concern 191


Evolving Oversight of Synthetic Biology 192


Conclusion 194


Chapter 12 The Link between Biosecurity and Bioterrorism 197
Daniel N. Apple and Benjamin A. Perman


Introduction 197


Bioterrorism Attack Cycle 197


The Bioterrorism–Biosecurity Nexus 202


The Biological Criminal Continuum 204


Conclusion 206


Chapter 13 The Importance of Engagement and Education for Effective Biosecurity 209
James Revill and Catherine Jefferson


Introduction 209


Overview of Engagement and Education 209


Other Intervention Points and Actors 213


Challenges Moving Forward 215


Why Bother with Biosecurity–Related Education and Engagement? 216


Moving Biosecurity Engagement and Education Forward 218


Conclusion 221


Chapter 14 Monitoring and Evaluating Laboratory Biosafety Programs 225
Heather N. Meeks, Betiel H. Haile, Ngozi Erondu, Lisa Ferland, Meeyoung Park, Affan Shaikh, and Scott J.N. McNabb


Introduction 225


Need for a Laboratory Biosafety Program Framework 227


Major Concepts and Definitions 230


Conceptual Framework 239


Laboratory Biosafety Indicators 241


Anticipated Benefits of the Indicator Database 242


Analytic Processes to Refine Indicators 242


Limitations 254


Conclusion 254


Chapter 15 The Future of Biosecurity: A Global Context 259
Ryan N. Burnette, J. Craig Reed, and Patricia Delarosa


Introduction 259


Biosecurity Summarized 259


A One World/One Health Model for Biosecurity 262


Future of Biosecurity 266


Conclusion 267


APPENDIX 1 U.S. Food Defense since 9/11:


Public Sector Initiatives and Programs 271
Henry S. Parker


APPENDIX 2 Timeline of Selected Events in Biosecurity Policy 289
Gigi Kwik Gronvall


Index 299


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9781118769010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd (Wiley–Blackwell)
Publication date: August, 2013
Pages: 350
Dimensions: 150.00 x 242.00 x 22.86

Subcategories: Public Health

MEET THE AUTHOR

RYAN BURNETTE, PhD, is Director of Alliance Biosciences, a consulting firm with expertise in laboratory design, operational management, and biorisk management. He lectures and conducts training on biorisk management, biosafety, and biosecurity in the United States and around the world. Dr. Burnette has held positions at Virginia Tech and Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.