This book represents a wide-ranging exploration of the field of orthopaedic surgery, describing briefly its origins, illuminating the many changes and developments over the last hundred years and examining the current trend towards specialization. The book begins by showing how orthopaedic surgery grew out of general surgery, how it expanded and fragmented into multiple subspecialties, and how it relies on the basic sciences of biomaterials, biomechanics and radiology. All of the chapters have been revised and updated from the first edition, taking account of significant advances in recent years and addressing key topics such as stem cell research and the growing importance of robotics.
Setting the scene: the start of orthopaedic surgery. Arthroplasty of the hip. History of knee arthroplasty. Arthroscopy and arthroscopic surgery. History of orthopaedic trauma. Biomechanics. Biomaterials. History of orthopaedic radiology. The development of hand surgery. Children's surgery. Evolution of spinal surgery. Development of foot and ankle surgery. Amputation surgery from 1800 to the present. History of the treatment of musculoskeletal tumours. Robotics in orthopaedic surgery. Orthopaedics in 2050: a look at the future