This book describes novel low-cost technological innovations that aid in diagnosing infectious diseases and thus contribute to the improvement of global health. Such rapidly deployable, portable, and affordable tools have the potential to tremendously benefit resource-limited developing countries without compromising on the high-sensitivity and high-fidelity standards common to the more expensive technologies currently used in developed nations. Specifically, the book includes the following features: Cutting-edge research: thorough coverage of scientific innovations that have been developed within the last two years. For example, microfluidic-based diagnostic systems aimed at infectious disease, use of cell-phone technologies, innovations in optical bioengineering, and low-cost biomedical advances towards creating safe drinking water. Industry voices: several chapters written by scientists currently working in industry. While detailing their projects related to frugal bioengineering for infectious disease, the authors talk about ways in which industry can collaborate with academia on frugal ventures. Broad future outlook: the book concludes with an outlook on the future of frugal bioengineering where technology design is coupled with demands of the poor to help impact and shape global health.
Preface.- Introduction.- Advances in Point-of-Care Diagnostics for Infectious Diseases.- Lab-on-DVD: Optical Disk Drive Based Platforms for Point-of-Care Diagnostics.- High Performance Paper Microfluidic Malaria Test for Low-Resource Settings.- Microfluidics for Fast and Frugal Diagnosis of Malaria, Sepsis, and HIV/AIDS.- Perspective from Industry: AROMICS.- Funding Frugal Innovation in Global Health: Philanthropy, Aid, and Industry.- Conclusion.