As the number of child and adolescent athletes continues to increase each year, more children are being exposed to greater training volumes and increasing physical demands-making the need for nutritional and recovery guidance increasingly important. While massive amounts of empirical research are published each year on responses and adaptations to exercise and nutrition, a relative lack of this data is focused on children and adolescents. Filling this need, Sports Nutrition Needs for Child and Adolescent Athletes explores the optimal sports nutrition needs for the child and adolescent athlete in three, detailed sections. The first section-Nutritional Foundation-supplies a comprehensive look at topics that relate to nearly every athlete. It focuses on the need for optimal nutrition in youth athlete populations, highlighting energy, body composition, hydration, and both macro- and micro-nutrient requirements. The second section-Special Considerations in Child and Adolescent Athletes-focuses on topics that are more specific.
This section includes coverage of the impact of common recreational drugs on exercise performance, steroid use in youth and associated dangers, key elements of working with diabetic and other clinically relevant populations, as well as discussions that relate to overweight and weight-conscious athletes, respectively. The final section-A Hands-On Approach-reviews nutritional programs for both child and adolescent athletes. It uses an easy-to-understand approach to discuss and apply situations that can challenge athletes, their parents, and coaches by making sure young athletes are well fueled and recovered for all sporting situations. For the purposes of the research presented in this book, a child athlete is defined as an athlete between the ages of 7 and 12 years while an adolescent athlete is defined as an athlete 13-17 years of age.
SECTION I: NUTRITIONAL FOUNDATION Sport Nutrition and Youth Elizabeth Fox and Chad M. Kerksick Energy Needs and Body Composition Considerations Ann L. Gibson and Michelle Kulovitz Alencar Carbohydrate Needs of the Young Athlete Julia K. Zakrzewski and Keith Tolfrey Protein Needs of Young Athletes Kurt A. Escobar, Trisha A. McLain, and Chad Kerksick Fat Needs Trisha A. McLain and Carole A. Conn Vitamin and Mineral Needs Brad Schoenfeld and Alan Aragon The Importance of Proper Fluid and Hydration Gabriela Tomedi Leites and Flavia Meyer SECTION II: SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN CHILD AND ADOLESCENT ATHLETES Effects of Caffeine, Nicotine, Alcohol, and Marijuana on Exercise Performance Dominik H. Pesta, Siddhartha S. Angadi, Martin Burtscher, and Christian K. Roberts Drugs, Steroids, and Youth Andrew Jagim and Jonathan Mike Clinical Considerations for the Child and Adolescent Athlete Jessika Brown, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Carole A. Conn, and Christine Mermier Nutrition and the Overweight Athlete Elizabeth Fox Nutrition and the Weight-Conscious Athlete Roger A. Vaughan and Christine M. Mermier Dietary Supplement Considerations for the Young Athlete Paul E. Luebbers Exercise Prescription and Strength and Conditioning Considerations Adriana Coletta, Kyle Levers, Elfego Galvan, and Richard B. Kreider SECTION III: A HANDS-ON, PRACTICAL APPROACH How to Fuel Your Day Jennifer McDaniel and Elizabeth Fox How to Fuel Your Workouts and Games Jennifer McDaniel and Elizabeth Fox Index