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Proteopathic Seeds and Neurodegenerative Diseases
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Main description:

The misfolding and aggregation of specific proteins is an early and obligatory event in many of the age-related neurodegenerative diseases of humans. The initial cause of this pathogenic cascade and the means whereby disease spreads through the nervous system, remain uncertain. A recent surge of research, first instigated by pathologic similarities between prion disease and Alzheimer’s disease, increasingly implicates the conversion of disease-specific proteins into an aggregate-prone b-sheet-rich state as the prime mover of the neurodegenerative process. This prion-like corruptive protein templating or seeding now characterizes such clinically and etiologically diverse neurological disorders as Alzheimer´s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Understanding the misfolding, aggregation, trafficking and pathogenicity of the affected proteins could therefore reveal universal pathomechanistic principles for some of the most devastating and intractable human brain disorders. It is time to accept that the prion concept is no longer confined to prionoses but is a promising concept for the understanding and treatment of a remarkable variety of diseases that afflict primarily our aging society. ​


Feature:

With contributions from nobel laureats Eric Kandel and Stanley Prusiner

Latest research on prion diseases

Presents developing therapies ​


Back cover:

The misfolding and aggregation of specific proteins is an early and obligatory event in many of the age-related neurodegenerative diseases of humans, and appears to occur many years before the onset of clinical symptoms. The initial cause of this pathogenic cascade and the means whereby disease spreads through the nervous system, remain uncertain. A recent surge of research, first instigated by pathologic similarities between prion disease and Alzheimer’s disease, has increasingly implicated corruptive protein templating, or seeding, as a prime factor in the neurodegenerative process. The prion-like corruption of proteins also characterizes such clinically and etiologically diverse neurological disorders as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Understanding the misfolding, aggregation, trafficking and pathogenicity of affected proteins thus could reveal universal principles and common therapeutic targets for some of the most devastating and intractable human brain disorders.


Contents:

Preface.- Widening Spectrum of Prions Causing Neurodegenerative Diseases (Stanley B. Prusiner).- b-Amyloid Fibril Structures, In Vitro and In Vivo (Robert Tycko).- Structure-Activity Relationship of Amyloids (Jason Greenwald and Roland Riek).- Seeding and Cross-seeding in Amyloid Diseases (Per Westermark and Gunilla T. Westermark).- The Prion-like Aspect of Alzheimer Pathology (Sarah K. Fritschi, Bahareh Eftekharzadeh, Giusi Manfredi, Tsuyoshi Hamaguchi, Götz Heilbronner, Amudha Nagarathinam, Franziska Langer, Yvonne S. Eisele, Lary Walker, Mathias Jucker).- Amyloid-β Transmissibility (Duran-Aniotz C, Morales R, Moreno-Gonzalez I, Soto C).- Prion-like Properties of Assembled Tau Protein (Florence Clavaguera, Markus Tolnay, and Michel Goedert).- Accumulating Evidence Suggests that Parkinson´s Disease is a Prion-like Disorder.- Nolwen L. Rey, Elodie Angot, Christopher Dunning, Jennifer A. Steiner, Patrik Brundin).- Propagation and Replication of Misfolded SOD1: Implications for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Anne Bertolotti).- Development of Drugs that Target Proteopathic Seeds Will Require Measurement of Drug Mechanism in Human Brain (Peter T. Lansbury).- The Role of Functional Prions in the Persistence of Memory Storage (Eric R. Kandel, Irina Derkatch, Elias Pavlopoulos).- Subject Index.


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9783642354915
Publisher: Springer (Springer Berlin Heidelberg)
Publication date: April, 2013
Pages: 175

Subcategories: Neuroscience, Pharmacology