This collection includes contributions from various interests and perspectives, in the context of current international developments in life patents, and the global agenda of harmonisation of international intellectual property. The book is divided into five sections reflecting the critical issues arising from patents and biotechnology - Context; Human Rights and Ethical Frameworks; Medicine and Public Health; Traditional Knowledge; and, Agriculture. The international contributors from government, civil society, academia and the private sector provide diverse perspectives on life patents and the facilitation of social, cultural and economic development in the context of international principles of trade.
Introduction: patent publics, patent cultures, Johanna Gibson; Part 1 Context: The legal framework surrounding patents for living materials, Tony Howard.; Part 2 Human Rights and Ethical Frameworks: Life as chemistry or life as biology? An ethic of patents on genetically modified organisms, Kathryn Garforth; The right to development, African countries and the patenting of living organisms: a human rights dilemma, Adejoke Oyewunmi.; Part 3 Medicine and Public Health: The genetic sequence right: a sui generis alternative to the patenting of biological materials, Luigi Palombi; Forfeited consent: body parts in eminent domain, Angela A. Stanton.; Part 4 Traditional Knowledge: Beyond 'protection': promoting traditional knowledge systems in Thailand, Daniel Robinson; Plant genetic resources and the associated traditional knowledge: does the distinction between higher and lower life forms matter?, Chika B. Onwuekwe.; Part 5 Agriculture: Analysis of farmers' willingness to pay for agrobiodiversity conservation in Nepal, Diwakar Poudel and Fred H. Johnsen; Is more less? An evolutionary economics, critique of the economics of plant breeds' rights, Dwijen Rangnekar; Index.