The brain sciences are influencing our understanding of human behavior as never before, from neuropsychiatry and neuroeconomics to neurotheology and neuroaesthetics. Many now believe that the brain is what makes us human, and it seems that neuroscientists are poised to become the new experts in the management of human conduct. Neuro describes the key developments--theoretical, technological, economic, and biopolitical--that have enabled the neurosciences to gain such traction outside the laboratory. It explores the ways neurobiological conceptions of personhood are influencing everything from child rearing to criminal justice, and are transforming the ways we "know ourselves" as human beings. In this emerging neuro-ontology, we are not "determined" by our neurobiology: on the contrary, it appears that we can and should seek to improve ourselves by understanding and acting on our brains. Neuro examines the implications of this emerging trend, weighing the promises against the perils, and evaluating some widely held concerns about a neurobiological "colonization" of the social and human sciences.
Despite identifying many exaggerated claims and premature promises, Neuro argues that the openness provided by the new styles of thought taking shape in neuroscience, with its contemporary conceptions of the neuromolecular, plastic, and social brain, could make possible a new and productive engagement between the social and brain sciences. Copyright note: Reproduction, including downloading of Joan Miro works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
Acknowledgments ix Abbreviations xi Introduction 1 Beyond Cartesianism? 3 Governing through the Brain 6 Our Argument 9 Human Science? 23 One The Neuromolecular Brain 25 How Should One Do the History of the Neurosciences? 28 Infrastructure 38 A Neuromolecular Style of Thought 41 Enter Plasticity 47 A Neuromolecular and Plastic Brain 51 Two The Visible Invisible 53 The Clinical Gaze 55 Inscribed on the Body Itself 56 Open Up a Few Brains 61 Seeing the Living Brain 65 The Epidemiology of Visualization 74 The New Engines of Brain Visualization 80 Three What's Wrong with Their Mice? 82 Artificiality? 85 Models1, Models2, Models3, Models4 (and Possibly Models5) 92 The Specificity of the Human 102 Translation 104 Life as Creation 108 Four All in the Brain? 110 To Define True Madness 113 The Burden of Mental Disorder 125 All in the Brain? 130 Neuropsychiatry and the Dilemmas of Diagnosis 137 Five The Social Brain 141 The "Social Brain Hypothesis" 143 Pathologies of the Social Brain 148 Social Neuroscience 151 Social Neuroscience beyond Neuroscience 156 Governing Social Brains 160 Six The Antisocial Brain 164 Embodied Criminals 167 Inside the Living Brain 173 Neurolaw? 177 The Genetics of Control 180 Nipping Budding Psychopaths in the Bud 190 Sculpting the Brain in Those Incredible Years 192 Governing Antisocial Brains 196 Seven Personhood in a Neurobiological Age 199 The Challenged Self 202 From the Pathological to the Normal 204 The Self: From Soul to Brain 213 A Mutation in Ethics and Self-Technologies? 219 Caring for the Neurobiological Self 223 Conclusion Managing Brains, Minds, and Selves 225 A Neurobiological Complex 225 Brains In Situ? 227 Coda: The Human Sciences in a Neurobiological Age 232 Appendix How We Wrote This Book 235 Notes 237 References 277 Index 325