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NCLEX-RN Exam Cram
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Main description:

The book offers a quick 'cram' approach to the NCLEX that is very user-friendly and not time-intensive. The overall approach is very learner-centered and the content is well-paced." -Catherine Dearman, R.N., Ph.D. Covers exactly what you need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-RN(R) exam *500+ sample test questions help you gain confidence and decide when you're ready to take the actual exam*Includes the popular Cram Sheet tearcard to help you remember key concepts and do extra last-minute studying Exam Alerts identify important information found on the exam*Simplifies key medication aide concepts and techniques for easy learning Covers the critical information you'll need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-RN exam!
*Discover how the NCLEX-RN exam works, and how best to prepare for it* Understand essential disease processes, treatments, and diagnostic studies *Care for clients with respiratory, genitourinary, hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, endocrine, cardiovascular, neurological, and many other disorders*Serve maternal, infant, and pediatric clients Provide compassionate and effective emergency and psychiatric care *Consider cultural, religious, and legal concerns associated with client care*Review all stages of the nursing process: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation *Address client needs for a safe, effective-care environment; health promotion and maintenance; and psychosocial and physiological integrity


Contents:

Introduction ... 1 Welcome to the NCLEX-RN(R) Exam Cram ... 1 Taking the Computerized Adaptive Test ... 2 The Cost of the Exam... 2 How to Prepare for the Exam... 2 How to Use This Book... 3 Contact the Nursing Board in Your Area ... 3 About the Book... 4 Contact the Authors ... 5 Self-Assessment... 5 Testing Your Exam Readiness ... 6 Chapter 1: Preparing for the National Council Exam for Registered Nurses ... 7 Preparing for the Exam... 8 The CAT Exam... 8 Testing Strategies ... 9 Read the Question Carefully... 10 Look for Keywords ... 10 Watch for Specific Details... 10 Eliminate Options That Are Clearly Wrong or Incorrect... 11 Look for Similar Options ... 11 Look for Opposite Answers... 12 Remember Legalities... 12 Remember Infection Control ... 12 Exam Prep Questions ... 13 Answer Rationales ... 15 Chapter 2: Pharmacology ... 17 Three Areas of Pharmacology... 18 How Nurses Work with Pharmacology ... 19 Time-Released Drugs ... 20 Administering Medications ... 21 The Rights of Administering Medication ... 21 Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs ... 22 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors ... 22 Beta Adrenergic Blockers ... 23 Anti-Infectives (Aminoglycosides) ... 25 Benzodiazepines (Anticonvulsants/Antianxiety)... 26 Phenothiazines (Antipsychotic/Antiemetic)... 28 Glucocorticoids ... 29 Antivirals ... 31 Cholesterol-Lowering Agents ... 32 Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ... 33 Histamine 2 Antagonists ... 34 Proton Pump Inhibitors ... 36 Anticoagulants... 37 More Drug Identification Helpers ... 38 Herbals ... 38 Drug Schedules... 39 Pregnancy Categories for Drugs ... 40 Exam Prep Questions ... 41 Answer Rationales ... 43 Chapter 3: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System ... 45 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ... 46 Chronic Bronchitis ... 46 Emphysema... 46 Asthma ... 47 Acute Respiratory Infections ... 47 Pneumonia ... 48 Pleurisy ... 49 Tuberculosis ... 50 Influenza ... 50 Acute Respiratory Failure ... 51 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ... 51 Pulmonary Embolus ... 52 Emerging Infections ... 53 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ... 53 Legionnaire's Disease ... 54 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 55 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 55 Exam Prep Questions ... 57 Answer Rationales ... 59 Suggested Reading and Resources... 60 Chapter 4: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Genitourinary System ... 61 Acute Glomerulonephritis... 62 Chronic Glomerulonephritis... 63 End Stage Renal Disease... 64 Peritoneal Dialysis... 64 Hemodialysis... 64 Renal Transplantation ... 65 Nephrotic Syndrome ... 65 Urinary Calculi ... 66 Urinary Tract Infections ... 67 Genitourinary Disorders ... 67 Prostatitis ... 67 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia ... 68 Bladder Cancer ... 69 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 70 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 70 Exam Prep Questions ... 72 Answer Rationales ... 74 Suggested Reading and Resources... 75 Chapter 5: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Hematopoietic System ... 77 Anemia ... 78 Pernicious Anemia ... 78 Aplastic Anemia... 79 Sickle Cell Disease ... 80 Iron Deficiency Anemia ... 80 Cooley's Anemia (Thalassemia Major) ... 81 Hemophilia ... 81 Polycythemia Vera ... 82 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 83 Pharmacology for Review ... 83 Exam Prep Questions ... 84 Answer Rationales ... 86 Suggested Reading and Resources... 87 Chapter 6: Caring for the Client with Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Acid/Base Balance . . 89 Basic Knowledge of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance ... 90 Regulation of pH and Its Effect on Fluid and Electrolytes ... 91 How the Body Regulates pH... 91 Metabolic Acidosis ... 91 Causes of Metabolic Acidosis ... 91 Symptoms of Metabolic Acidosis... 92 Care of the Client with Metabolic Acidosis... 92 Respiratory Acidosis ... 93 Causes of Respiratory Acidosis ... 93 Symptoms of Respiratory Acidosis ... 94 Caring for the Client with Respiratory Acidosis ... 94 Metabolic Alkalosis ... 95 Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis ... 95 Symptoms of Metabolic Alkalosis ... 95 Caring for the Client with Metabolic Alkalosis ... 96 Respiratory Alkalosis... 96 Symptoms of Respiratory Alkalosis ... 96 Care of the Client with Respiratory Alkalosis ... 97 Normal Electrolyte Values ... 97 Changes Associated with Aging... 98 Exam Prep Questions ... 100 Answer Rationales ... 102 Suggested Reading and Resources... 103 Chapter 7: Caring for the Client with Burns... 105 Burn Classifications... 106 Burn Measurement with TBSA... 108 Nursing Care for Burn Victims... 109 The Resuscitative (Emergent) Phase ... 110 The Acute (Intermediate) Phase ... 113 Dressings for Burns... 114 The Rehabilitative Phase... 115 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 116 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 116 Exam Prep Questions ... 117 Answer Rationales ... 119 Suggested Reading and Resources... 120 Chapter 8: Caring for the Client with Sensorineural Disorders ... 121 Disorders of the Eyes ... 122 Intraocular Disorders ... 122 Retinal Disorders ... 125 Refractive Errors ... 127 Traumatic Injuries ... 128 Visual Tests for Review ... 129 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 129 Ear Disorders ... 129 Otitis Externa ... 130 Otitis Media ... 130 Meniere's Disease ... 130 Otosclerosis... 131 Presbycusis ... 131 Ear Trauma ... 132 Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss ... 132 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 132 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 133 Exam Prep Questions ... 134 Answer Rationales ... 136 Suggested Reading and Resources... 137 Chapter 9: Caring for the Client with Cancer... 139 Cancer... 140 American Cancer Society's Seven Warning Signs of Cancer ... 140 The Four Major Categories of Cancer ... 140 Risk Factors for Specific Cancers ... 141 Cancer Prevention... 143 Patient Teaching ... 143 Management of the Client with Cancer ... 143 Radiation... 144 Chemotherapy... 145 Bone Marrow and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation (PSCT) ... 147 Types of Transplants ... 148 Nursing Care After Transplantation ... 148 Hodgkin's Lymphoma... 149 Diagnosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma... 150 Prognosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma... 150 Treatment of Hodgkin's Lymphoma ... 150 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 151 Pharmacology for Review ... 152 Exam Prep Questions ... 154 Answer Rationales ... 156 Suggested Reading and Resources... 157 Chapter 10: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System ... 159 Ulcers ... 160 Types of Ulcers ... 160 Treatment of Ulcers ... 161 Inflammatory Bowel Disorders ... 163 Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis) ... 163 Ulcerative Colitis ... 164 Diverticulitis ... 165 Diagnosis of Diverticulitis... 165 Treatment of Diverticulitis ... 166 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) ... 166 Diseases Associated with the Liver ... 167 Hepatitis ... 167 Cirrhosis ... 172 Pancreatitis ... 174 Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis ... 176 Symptoms of Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis ... 176 Diagnosis of Cholecystitis/Cholethiasis... 177 Treatment of Cholecystitis ... 177 Treatment of Cholethiasis ... 177 Clostridium Difficile ... 178 Food-Borne Illnesses... 179 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 180 Pharmacology for Review ... 180 Exam Prep Questions ... 182 Answer Rationales ... 184 Suggested Reading and Resources... 185 Chapter 11: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System ... 187 Fractures ... 188 Treating Fractures ... 188 Compartment Syndrome... 191 Osteomyelitis... 192 Osteoporosis ... 193 Treatment of Osteoporosis ... 194 Gout ... 195 Treatment of the Client with Gout ... 195 Rheumatoid Arthritis ... 195 Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis... 196 Musculoskeletal Surgical Procedures... 197 Fractured Hip and Hip Replacement ... 197 Total Knee Replacement ... 198 Amputations ... 199 Assistive Devices for Ambulation ... 201 Crutches ... 201 Canes... 202 Walkers ... 202 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 203 Pharmacology for Review ... 203 Exam Prep Questions ... 205 Answer Rationales ... 207 Suggested Reading and Resources... 208 Chapter 12: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Endocrine System ... 209 The Endocrine System ... 210 Pituitary Disorders ... 210 Tumors of the Pituitary... 211 Thyroid Disorders ... 213 Hypothyroidism ... 213 Hyperthyroidism ... 214 Parathyroid Disorders ... 216 Hypoparathyroidism ... 216 Hyperparathyroidism ... 217 Adrenal Gland Disorders ... 218 Adrenocortical Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)... 218 Adrenocortical Hypersecretion (Cushing's Syndrome) or Cushing's Disease... 219 Diabetes Mellitus ... 219 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 223 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 223 Exam Prep Questions ... 224 Answer Rationales ... 226 Suggested Reading and Resources... 227 Chapter 13: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System ... 229 Hypertension ... 230 Medications Used to Treat Hypertension ... 231 Heart Block... 231 Toxicity to Medications ... 233 Malfunction of the Conduction System... 233 Myocardial Infarction ... 234 Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction ... 235 Management of Myocardial Infarction Clients ... 236 Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart ... 239 Infective Endocarditis ... 239 Pericarditis ... 239 Buerger's Disease... 240 Thrombophlebitis ... 240 Raynaud's Syndrome ... 241 Aneurysms... 241 Congestive Heart Failure ... 242 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 242 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 243 Exam Prep Questions ... 244 Answer Rationales ... 246 Suggested Reading and Resources... 247 Chapter 14: Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System ... 249 Seizures ... 250 Types of Seizures... 250 Treatment of Seizure Clients... 252 Status Epilepticus ... 253 Brain Injuries ... 253 Epidural Hematomas... 254 Subdural Hematoma ... 254 Treatment of Epidural and Subdural Hematomas ... 254 Increased Intracranial Pressure ... 255 Treatment of ICP ... 257 Neurological Assessment... 258 Cranial Nerve Assessment... 258 Glasgow Coma Scale... 259 Intracranial Pressure Monitors ... 260 Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy) ... 260 Cerebrovascular Accident/Stroke ... 262 Spinal Cord Injury ... 263 Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries... 263 Potential Complications with SCI Clients... 264 Guillain-Barre ... 265 Treating Clients with Guillian-Barre... 266 Degenerative Neurological Disorders ... 266 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 267 Pharmacology for Review ... 267 Exam Prep Questions ... 269 Answer Rationales ... 271 Suggested Reading and Resources... 272 Chapter 15: Caring for the Client with Psychiatric Disorders ... 273 Anxiety Disorders ... 274 Generalized Anxiety Disorder ... 275 Panic Disorder ... 275 Specific Phobia ... 275 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ... 276 Trauma Related Disorders ... 276 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder ... 276 Dissociative Disorders... 277 Dissociative Identity Disorder... 277 Somatic Disorder ... 278 Personality Disorders ... 278 Managing Clients with Personality Disorders ... 281 Psychotic Disorders... 282 Schizophrenia ... 282 Bipolar Disorders ... 284 Substance Abuse ... 286 Alcoholism ... 286 Other Commonly Abused Substances ... 288 Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence ... 291 Disruptive, Control, and Conduct Disorders ... 291 Neurodevelopmental Disorders... 291 Eating Disorders ... 293 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 294 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 294 Exam Prep Questions ... 295 Answer Rationales ... 297 Suggested Reading and Resources... 298 Chapter 16: Caring for the Maternal/Infant Client... 299 Signs of Pregnancy ... 300 Presumptive Signs ... 300 Probable Signs... 300 Positive Signs ... 301 Prenatal Care ... 301 Prenatal Diet and Weight Maintenance ... 301 Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening ... 301 Other Prenatal Diagnostic Tests ... 302 Assessing Fetal Heart Tones ... 303 Ultrasonography ... 303 Signs of Complications of Pregnancy ... 303 Types of Abortions ... 304 Complications Affecting Pregnancy ... 305 Diabetes in Pregnancy... 305 Preeclampsia ... 306 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation ... 307 Cord Prolapse ... 307 Abruptio Placenta ... 308 Placenta Previa ... 308 Maternal Infections ... 308 Preterm Labor ... 311 Intrapartal Care... 311 Stages of Labor ... 312 Phases of Labor... 312 Important Terms You Should Know ... 312 Prelabor Testing ... 313 Fetal Monitoring... 314 Pharmacologic Management of Labor ... 316 Postpartum Care ... 317 Terms Associated with the Normal Newborn ... 317 Rh Incompatibility ... 318 Contraception ... 319 Diagnostic Tests for Review ... 320 Pharmacology Categories for Review ... 321 Exam Prep Questions ... 322 Answer Rationales ... 324 Suggested Reading and Resources... 325 Chapter 17: Caring for the Pediatric Client ... 327 Growth and Development... 328 Infant (28 Days to 1 Year) ... 328 Toddler (1-3 Years) ... 330


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9780134493206
Publisher: Pearson (Pearson IT Certification)
Publication date: December, 2016
Pages: 704

Subcategories: Medical Study and Teaching Aids, Nursing