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NCLEX-PN Exam Cram
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Main description:

"The book offers a quick 'cram' approach to the NCLEX that is very user-friendly and not time-intensive. The overall approach is very learner-centered and the content is well-paced." -Catherine Dearman, R.N., Ph.D. * Covers exactly what you need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-PN(R) exam * 445 sample test questions help you gain confidence and decide when you're ready to take the actual exam * Includes the popular Cram Sheet tearcard to help you remember key concepts and do extra last-minute studying * Exam Alerts identify important information found on the exam * Simplifies key medication aide concepts and techniques for easy learning Covers the critical information you'll need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-PN exam!
* Discover how the NCLEX-PN exam works, and how best to prepare for it * Understand essential disease processes, treatments, and diagnostic studies * Care for clients with respiratory, genitourinary, hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, endocrine, cardiovascular, neurological, and many other disorders * Serve maternal, infant, and pediatric clients * Provide compassionate and effective psychiatric care * Consider cultural, religious, and legal concerns associated with client care * Review all stages of the nursing process: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation * Address client needs for a safe, effective-care environment; health promotion and maintenance; and psychosocial and physiological integrity PEARSON IT CERTIFICATION PRACTICE TEST The CD features the innovative Pearson IT Certification practice test, giving you an effective tool to assess your readiness for the NCLEX-PN exam. Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements: * Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), Windows 7, or Windows 8 Professional; Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0
Client; Pentium class 1GHz processor (or equivalent); 512MB RAM; 650MB hard disk space plus 50MB for each downloaded practice exam; access to the Internet to register and download exam databases * NCLEX-PN(R) is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. (NCSBN), which does not sponsor or endorse this product.


Contents:

Introduction ...xxi Welcome to the NCLEX-PN(R) Exam Cram ...xxi Taking the Computerized Adaptive Test...xxii The Cost of the Exam...xxii How to Prepare for the Exam...xxiii How to Use This Book...xxiii Self-Assessment...1 Testing Your Exam Readiness...2 Chapter 1 Preparing for the National Council Exam for Licensed Practical Nurses ...3 Preparing for the Exam...4 The Computer Adaptive Test ...4 Testing Strategies...5 Reading the Question Carefully ...6 Look for Keywords...6 Watch for Specific Details...6 Exam Prep Questions ...9 Answer Rationales...11 Chapter 2 Simplifying Pharmacology...13 Pharmacology...14 Three Areas of Pharmacology ...14 How Nurses Work with Pharmacology...15 Time-Released Drugs...16 Administering Medications ...17 Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs ...18 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors ...18 Beta Adrenergic Blockers ...19 Anti-Infectives (Aminoglycosides) ...20 Benzodiazepines (Anticonvulsants/Antianxiety) ...22 Phenothiazines (Antipsychotic/Antiemetic) ...24 Glucocorticoids...25 Antivirals ...26 Cholesterol-Lowering Agents...28 Angiotensin Receptor Blockers...29 Histamine 2 Antagonists ...30 Proton Pump Inhibitors ...31 Anticoagulants ...32 More Drug Identification Helpers ...33 Herbals ...34 Drug Schedules ...35 Pregnancy Categories for Drugs...35 Exam Prep Questions ...36 Answer Rationales...38 Chapter 3 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System...41 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ...42 Chronic Bronchitis ...42 Emphysema...42 Asthma ...43 Acute Respiratory Infections ...44 Pneumonia ...44 Pleurisy...45 Tuberculosis ...46 Influenza ...46 Acute Respiratory Failure...47 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ...47 Pulmonary Embolus ...48 Emerging Infections ...50 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ...50 Legionnaire's Disease ...51 Diagnostic Tests for Review...51 Pharmacology Categories for Review...52 Exam Prep Questions ...53 Answer Rationales...55 Suggested Reading and Resources ...56 Chapter 4 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Renal and Genitourinary System...57 Acute Glomerulonephritis ...58 Chronic Glomerulonephritis...59 End Stage Renal Disease ...60 Peritoneal Dialysis ...60 Hemodialysis...60 Renal Transplantation ...61 Nephrotic Syndrome ...61 Urinary Calculi ...62 Urinary Tract Infections...63 Genitourinary Disorders ...63 Prostatitis ...63 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia ...64 Bladder Cancer ...66 Diagnostic Tests for Review...67 Pharmacology Categories for Review...67 Exam Prep Questions ...68 Answer Rationales...70 Suggested Reading and Resources ...71 Chapter 5 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Hematopoietic System ...73 Anemia...74 Pernicious Anemia...74 Aplastic Anemia ...75 Sickle Cell Anemia ...76 Iron Deficiency Anemia ...77 Cooley's Anemia (Thalassemia Major) ...77 Hemophilia ...77 Polycythemia Vera ...78 Diagnostic Tests for Review...79 Pharmacology for Review...79 Exam Prep Questions ...80 Answer Rationales...82 Suggested Reading and Resources ...83 Chapter 6 Caring for the Client with Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Acid/Base Balance ...85 Basic Knowledge of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance...86 Regulation of pH and Its Effect on Fluid and Electrolytes ...87 How the Body Regulates pH...87 Metabolic Acidosis ...87 Causes of Metabolic Acidosis...87 Symptoms of Metabolic Acidosis ...88 Care of the Client with Metabolic Acidosis ...88 Respiratory Acidosis...89 Causes of Respiratory Acidosis ...89 Symptoms of Respiratory Acidosis ...90 Caring for the Client with Respiratory Acidosis...90 Metabolic Alkalosis ...91 Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis ...91 Symptoms of Metabolic Alkalosis ...91 Caring for the Client with Metabolic Alkalosis ...92 Respiratory Alkalosis...92 Symptoms of Respiratory Alkalosis...92 Care of the Client with Respiratory Alkalosis...93 Normal Electrolyte Values ...93 Changes Associated with Aging ...94 Exam Prep Questions ...96 Answer Rationales...98 Suggested Reading and Resources ...99 Chapter 7 Caring for the Client with Burns ...101 Burn Classifications ...102 Burn Measurement with TBSA ...104 Nursing Care for Burn Victims...105 The Emergent Phase...106 The Intermediate Phase ...110 Dressings for Burns ...111 The Rehabilitative Phase...112 Diagnostic Tests for Review...112 Pharmacology Categories for Review...112 Exam Prep Questions ...114 Answer Rationales...116 Suggested Reading and Resources ...117 Chapter 8 Caring for the Client with Sensorineural Disorders ...119 Disorders of the Eyes ...120 Intraocular Disorders ...120 Retinal Disorders...123 Refractive Errors ...125 Traumatic Injuries ...126 Visual Tests for Review...127 Pharmacology Categories for Review...127 Ear Disorders ...127 Otitis Externa...128 Otitis Media ...128 Meniere's Disease ...128 Otosclerosis...129 Presbycusis ...129 Ear Trauma ...130 Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss ...130 Diagnostic Tests for Review...130 Pharmacology Categories for Review...131 Exam Prep Questions ...132 Answer Rationales...134 Suggested Reading and Resources ...135 Chapter 9 Caring for the Client with Cancer ...137 Cancer ...138 American Cancer Society's Seven Warning Signs of Cancer...138 The Four Major Categories of Cancer...138 Risk Factors for Specific Cancers ...139 Cancer Prevention...140 Patient Teaching ...141 Management of the Client with Cancer ...141 Radiation...142 Chemotherapy ...143 Bone Marrow Transplantation and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation (PSCT)...145 Types of Transplants...145 Nursing Care After Transplantation...146 Hodgkin's Lymphoma ...147 Diagnosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma...147 Prognosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma...148 Treatment of Hodgkin's Lymphoma...148 Diagnostic Tests for Review...148 Pharmacology for Review...149 Exam Prep Questions ...151 Answer Rationales...153 Suggested Reading and Resources ...154 Chapter 10 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System...155 Ulcers ...156 Types of Ulcers ...156 Treatment of Ulcers ...157 Inflammatory Bowel Disorders ...159 Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis) ...159 Ulcerative Colitis...160 Diverticulitis...161 Diagnosis of Diverticulitis...161 Treatment of Diverticulitis...161 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) ...162 Diseases Associated with the Liver ...163 Hepatitis...163 Cirrhosis...168 Pancreatitis...170 Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis ...172 Symptoms of Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis ...172 Diagnosis of Cholecystitis/Cholethiasis ...173 Treatment of Cholecystitis ...173 Treatment of Cholethiasis ...174 Clostridium Difficile...175 Food-Borne Illnesses ...175 Diagnostic Tests for Review...176 Pharmacology for Review...177 Exam Prep Questions ...178 Answer Rationales...180 Suggested Reading and Resources ...181 Chapter 11 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System...183 Fractures...184 Treating Fractures ...184 Compartment Syndrome...187 Osteomyelitis ...188 Osteoporosis...189 Treatment of Osteoporosis...190 Gout ...190 Treatment of the Client with Gout ...191 Rheumatoid Arthritis ...192 Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis ...192 Musculoskeletal Surgical Procedures ...193 Fractured Hip and Hip Replacement ...193 Total Knee Replacement ...194 Amputations...195 Assistive Devices for Ambulation...196 Crutches ...197 Canes...197 Walkers ...198 Diagnostic Tests for Review...198 Pharmacology for Review...199 Exam Prep Questions ...201 Answer Rationales...203 Suggested Reading and Resources ...204 Chapter 12 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Endocrine System...205 The Endocrine System...206 Pituitary Disorders...206 Tumors of the Pituitary...207 Thyroid Disorders ...209 Hypothyroidism...209 Hyperthyroidism ...210 Parathyroid Disorders ...212 Hypoparathyroidism...212 Hyperparathyroidism ...213 Adrenal Gland Disorders...214 Adrenocortical Insufficiency (Addison's Disease) ...214 Adrenocortical Hypersecretion (Cushing's Syndrome) or Cushing's Disease...215 Diabetes Mellitus ...215 Diagnostic Tests for Review...219 Pharmacology Categories for Review...219 Exam Prep Questions ...220 Answer Rationales...222 Suggested Reading and Resources ...223 Chapter 13 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System...225 Hypertension...226 Medications Used to Treat Hypertension ...227 Heart Block ...227 Toxicity to Medications ...229 Malfunction of the Conduction System ...229 Myocardial Infarction ...230 Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction ...231 Management of Myocardial Infarction Clients ...232 Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart ...235 Infective Endocarditis...235 Pericarditis ...235 Buerger's Disease ...236 Thrombophlebitis ...236 Raynaud's Syndrome...237 Aneurysms ...237 Congestive Heart Failure ...238 Diagnostic Tests for Review...238 Pharmacology Categories for Review...239 Exam Prep Questions ...240 Answer Rationales...242 Suggested Reading and Resources ...243 Chapter 14 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System ...245 Seizures...246 Types of Seizures ...246 Treatment of Seizure Clients ...248 Status Epilepticus...249 Brain Injuries...249 Epidural Hematomas...250 Subdural Hematoma...250 Treatment of Epidural and Subdural Hematomas ...250 Increased Intracranial Pressure ...251 Treatment of ICP ...253 Neurological Assessment ...253 Cranial Nerve Assessment...254 Glasgow Coma Scale ...255 Intracranial Pressure Monitors ...256 Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy) ...256 Cerebrovascular Accident/Stroke...257 Spinal Cord Injury ...258 Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries...259 Potential Complications with SCI Clients ...260 Guillain-Barre ...261 Treating Clients with Guillian-Barre...261 Degenerative Neurological Disorders ...261 Diagnostic Tests for Review...263 Pharmacology for Review...263 Exam Prep Questions ...265 Answer Rationales...267 Suggested Reading and Resources ...268 Chapter 15 Caring for the Client with Psychiatric Disorders ...269 Anxiety-Related Disorders ...270 Generalized Anxiety Disorder...270 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder ...271 Dissociative Identity Disorder ...271 Somatoform Disorder...272 Panic Disorder ...272 Phobic Disorders ...273 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ...273 Personality Disorders ...274 Cluster A...274 Cluster B...275 Cluster C...276 Managing Clients with Personality Disorders ...277 Psychotic Disorders ...277 Schizophrenia ...277 Bipolar Disorders...280 Substance Abuse...282 Alcoholism ...282 Other Commonly Abused Substances ...285 Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence...287 Conduct Disorder...287 Oppositional Defiant Disorder ...287 Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder...288 Autistic Disorder...288 Eating Disorders...289 Diagnostic Tests for Review...289 Pharmacology Categories for Review...290 Exam Prep Questions ...291 Answer Rationales...293 Suggested Reading and Resources ...294 Chapter 16 Caring for the Maternal/Infant Client...295 Signs of Pregnancy ...296 Presumptive Signs ...296 Probable Signs ...296 Positive Signs ...297 Prenatal Care ...297 Prenatal Diet and Weight Maintenance ...297 Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening...297 Other Prenatal Diagnostic Tests ...298 Assessing Fetal Heart Tones...299 Ultrasonography ...299 Signs of Complications of Pregnancy ...299 Types of Abortions...300 Complications Affecting Pregnancy...301 Diabetes in Pregnancy...301 Preeclampsia ...302 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation ...303 Cord Prolapse ...303 Abruptio Placenta ...303 Placenta Previa...303 Maternal Infections...304 Preterm Labor ...306 Intrapartal Care...307 Stages of Labor ...307 Phases of Labor ...308 Important Terms You Should Know...308 Prelabor Testing...309 Fetal Monitoring...310 Pharmacologic Management of Labor ...312 Postpartum Care...313 Terms Associated with the Normal Newborn ...313 Rh Incompatibility...314 Contraception ...315 Diagnostic Tests for Review...316 Pharmacology Categories for Review...317 Exam Prep Questions ...318 Answer Rationales...320 Suggested Reading and Resources ...321 Chapter 17 Caring for the Pediatric Client ...323 Growth and Development...324 Infant (28 Days to 1 Year) ...324 Toddler (1-3 Years)...326 Preschooler (3-5 Years) ...327 School Age (6-12 Years) ...328 Adolescence (12-18 Years)...329 Congenital Anomalies...329 Anomalies of the Gastrointestinal System...330 Anomalies of the Musculoskeltal System...334 Anomalies of the Cardiovascular System...336 Inborn Errors of Metabolism...339 Respiratory Disorders...340 Acute Otitis Media ...341 Tonsillitis...342 Laryngotracheobronchitis ...343 Acute Epiglottitis...343 Bronchiolitis...344 Cystic Fibrosis (Mucoviscidosis) ...345 Gastrointestinal Disorders...345 Gastroenteritis ...346 Pyloric Stenosis...346 Intussusception ...346 Celiac (Gluten-Induced Enteropathy, Celiac Sprue) ...347 Cardiovascular Disorders ...347 Rheumatic Fever...347 Kawasaki's Disease (Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome) ...348 Musculoskeletal Disorders...350 Scoliosis...350 Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (Coxa Plana) ...351 Muscular Dystrophies...351 Childhood Cancer ...352 Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma) ...352 Leukemia...352 Osteogenic Sarcoma (Osteosarcoma) ...352 Ingestion of Hazardous Substances...353 Salicylate Overdose...353 Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Overdose ...353 Lead (Plumbism) ...353 Iron Poisoning ...354 Diagnostic Tests for Review...354 Pharmacology Categories for Review...355 Exam Prep Questions ...356 Answer Rationales...358 Suggested Reading and Resources ...359 Practice Exam 1 ...361 Answers to Practice Exam 1 ...405 Practice Exam 2 ...427 Answers to Practice Exam 2 ...469 Appendix A Things You Forgot...491 Appendix B Need to Know More? ...499 Appendix C Calculations...507 Glossary ...511 TOC, 9780789753151, 5/1/2014


PRODUCT DETAILS

ISBN-13: 9780133831993
Publisher: Pearson (Pearson IT Certification)
Publication date: May, 2014
Pages: 650
Dimensions: 178.00 x 231.00 x 32.00

Subcategories: Medical Study and Teaching Aids, Nursing