"Milestones in the History of Aphasia" surveys the history of aphasia from its earliest mentions in ancient times, to the turn of the new millennium in 2000. This book takes a predominantly chronological approach starting with an examination of the earliest medical documents and medieval attempts to understand aphasia, to the momentous events of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, up to the development of modern cognitive neuroscience in recent years. It traces the development of theory about and understanding of aphasia, and the role of significant individuals in this history. The result is a well illustrated introduction to the main events and personalities in the rich history of aphasia. This accessible book provides a unique insight into the fascinating development of research in aphasia. It will be of great interest to undergraduates and postgraduates, researchers, teachers and clinicians in psychology, speech and language pathology and therapy, neurology and linguistics.
Part 1. The Older History of Aphasia. 1. Aphasia in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. 2. From the Renaissance to the Eighteenth Century. 3. The Nineteenth Century until 1880: The Birth of a Science. 4. Wernicke and the Later Nineteenth Century. 5. The Twentieth Century until the Second World War. 6. From the Second World War to Geschwind: Neoclassicism and the Return to Localisation. Part 2. Aphasia to the Millennium. 7. The Rise of Linguistic Aphasia. 8. Cognitive Neuropsychology of Language and the Rise of Cognitive Neuroscience. 9. Broca's Aphasia and Broca's Area: The Journey from 1861 to 2005. 10. Beyond the Left Peri-Sylvian Language Area.