Bringing together widely scattered literature, this book discusses the importance of marine products as a source of nutraceuticals, food additives, and other useful ingredients in health protection and product formulation. The author presents the functional properties of various macromolecules available from seafood and other marine resources such as seaweed and coral reef. The text reviews epidemiological and in vitro studies to establish the protective role of marine nutraceuticals against coronary heart diseases, cancer, and other diseases. Processing and quality aspects of various marine raw materials are addressed in the latter portion of the book.
Functional Foods: An Overview Introduction Functionality of Food and Food Components Role of Diet in Health Protection Nutraceuticals Functional Food Marine Products as Functional Food: An Overview References Marine Habitat and Resources Introduction The Marine Environment Marine Fishery Products Coral Reef and Corals Seaweed Microalgae Marine Bacteria References Seafood Proteins: Functional Properties and Protein Supplements Introduction Seafood Proteins as Dietary Component Protein Content of Raw Fish Muscle Functional Properties of Proteins Physical Functions of Proteins in Food Functionality of Seafood Proteins Functionally Active Marine Protein Supplements Fish Protein Powders Fermented Fish Products Animal Feed Marine Connective Tissue Proteins Some Seafood Products of Consumer Interest References Seafood Proteins: Nutritional Value, Bioactive Peptides, Marine and Cold-Adapted Enzymes Introduction Dietary Protein Requirements Nutritive Value of Proteins Nutritive Value of Seafood Proteins Nutritive Value of Marine Protein Supplements Bioactive Peptides Bioactive Peptides from Seafood Marine Enzymes Antifreeze Proteins Cold-Adapted Enzymes Commercial Status Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Their Therapeutic Functions Introduction Marine Lipids Oxidation of Fatty Acids Nutritional Value of Lipids Omega-3 PUFA-Rich Oils from Marine Fish Squalene Commercial Aspects References Seafood Processing Wastes: Chitin, Chitosan, and Other Compounds Introduction Major Compounds from Shellfi sh Processing Wastes Chitin Chitosan Enzymes Degrading Chitin and Chitosan Glucosamine Shark Cartilage and Chondroitin Sulfate Commercial Products References Cartotenoids Introduction General Properties Units and Requirements Marine Sources of Carotenoids Isolation and Characterization Bioavailability of Carotenoids Functional Roles of Carotenoids Benefi ts of Dietary Carotenoids Commercial Status References Marine Sources of Vitamins and Minerals Introduction Vitamins Minerals Bone Health in Humans Commercial Products References Seaweed: Nutritional Value, Bioactive Properties, and Uses Introduction Processing of Seaweed Identification of Seaweed Proximate Composition Dietary Fiber Industrial Uses of Seaweed Farming of Seaweed Commercial Products Regulatory Status References Seaweed Hydrocolloids Introduction General Functional Properties of Seaweed Hydrocolloids Agar Alginate Carrageenan Fucoidan Laminarin Commercial Status References Marine Microalgae, Other Microorganisms, and Corals Introduction Marine Microalgae Major Components from Microalgae Bioactive Compounds from Microalgae Cultivation of Microalgae Some Specifi c Examples of Algae Microalgae as Feed for Aquaculture Marine Bacteria Coral Reefs and Corals Commercial Status References Drugs and Pharmaceuticals from Marine Sources Introduction Prospects of Finding Drugs from Marine Organisms Marine Products Having Potential Bioactive Compounds Marine Biotechnology Development of Marine Drugs Global Interests and Commercial Status References Marine Nutraceuticals for Food Fortifi cation and Enrichment Introduction Dietary Guidelines Supplementation Food Fortification and Enrichment Some Examples of Food Fortification Marine Ingredients for Food Fortification and Supplementation Commercial Status References Marine Macromolecules as Nutraceutical Carriers and Biofilms Introduction Functions of a Delivery System Matrix Design for Delivery of Nutraceuticals Encapsulation Some Novel Delivery Systems Encapsulation of Marine Ingredients Biodegradable and Edible Films Marine Macromolecules as Food Coatings and Edible Films Nanotechnology Hydrogels and Membranes for Therapeutic Applications Commercial Status References Safety Hazards with Marine Products and Their Control Introduction Food-Borne Hazards Types of Hazards of Marine Products Control of Hazards References Appendix Index