Madness: A History is a thorough and accessible account of madness from antiquity to modern times, offering a large-scale yet nuanced picture of mental illness and its varieties in western civilization. The book opens by considering perceptions and experiences of madness starting in Biblical times, Ancient history and Hippocratic medicine to the Age of Enlightenment, before moving on to developments from the late 18th century to the late 20th century and the Cold War era. Petteri Pietikainen looks at issues such as 18th century asylums, the rise of psychiatry, the history of diagnoses, the experiences of mental health patients, the emergence of neuroses, the impact of eugenics, the development of different treatments, and the late 20th century emergence of anti-psychiatry and the modern malaise of the worried well. The book examines the history of madness at the different levels of micro-, meso- and macro: the social and cultural forces shaping the medical and lay perspectives on madness, the invention and development of diagnoses as well as the theories and treatment methods by physicians, and the patient experiences inside and outside of the mental institution.
Drawing extensively from primary records written by psychiatrists and accounts by mental health patients themselves, it also gives readers a thorough grounding in the secondary literature addressing the history of madness. An essential read for all students of the history of mental illness, medicine and society more broadly.
List of Figures 1. Introduction to Madness and Its History Part I: Madness from Antiquity to the Age of the Enlightenment 2. Madness in Ancient and Medieval Times 3. Madness, Folly and Religion in Early Modern Europe 4. From the Devil's Temptation to Wrong Thinking: Madness in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Part II: The Great Transformation: Medicalization of Madness in the Long Nineteenth Century 5. The Age of the Asylum 6. The Medical Management of Madness 7. Living and Dying in Asylumland 8. Naming the Mad Mind Part III: Naming and Managing Madness in the Golden Age of Asylums 9. Mental Maladies in the Twentieth Century 10. Mental Treatment from Magnetism to Psychoanalysis 11. War and Madness 12. Shocks and Surgeries: Somatic Treatments of the Twentieth Century Part IV: Madness in the Cold War Era and Beyond 13. Mind Control, Political Psychiatry and the Human Rights 14. The Psychopharmacological Revolution 15. Madness between Sanity and Normalcy Epilogue Index