Israel is the only country in the world that offers free fertility treatments to nearly any woman who requires medical assistance. It also has the world's highest per capita usage of in-vitro fertilization. Examining state policies and the application of reproductive technologies among Jewish Israelis, this volume explores the role of tradition and politics in the construction of families within local Jewish populations. The contributors-anthropologists, bioethicists, jurists, physicians and biologists-highlight the complexities surrounding these treatments and show how biological relatedness is being construed as a technology of power; how genetics is woven into the production of identities; how reproductive technologies enhance the policing of boundaries. Donor insemination, IVF and surrogacy, as well as abortion, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis and human embryonic stem cell research, are explored within local and global contexts to convey an informed perspective on the wider Jewish Israeli environment. Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli is a medical sociologist at the University of Haifa, Israel.
Her research concentrates on reproduction-related issues and the interface of health care and state politics. Birenbaum-Carmeli has published extensively in major professional journals and is the author of Tel Aviv North: The Making of a New Israeli Middle Class (Hebrew University Press) and the co-editor (with Marcia C. Inhorn) of Assisting Reproduction, Testing Genes: Global Encounters with New Biotechnologies (Berghahn Books). Yoram S. Carmeli is an anthropologist at the University of Haifa, Israel, who has researched reproductive technologies in Israel. His other writings focus on popular culture with a particular interest in British circuses. He has also researched sport and consumption in Israel. Carmeli is the co-editor (with Kalman Applbaum) of Consumption and Market Society in Israel (Berg Publishers).
List of Tables and Figures Introduction: Reproductive Technologies among Jewish Israelis: Setting the Ground Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli and Yoram S. Carmeli PART I: KIN: REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND THE QUEST FOR BIOGENETIC PARENTHOOD Chapter 1. The Contribution of Israeli Researchers to Reproductive Medicine: Fertility Experts' Perspectives Shlomo Mashiach, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Roy Mashiach and Martha Dirnfeld Chapter 2. The Regulation of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Sibling Donors in Israel, Germany and England: A Comparative Look at Balancing Risks and Benefits Yael Hashiloni-Dolev and Shiri Shkedi Chapter 3. The Man in the Sperm: Kinship and Fatherhood in Light of Male Infertility in Israel Helene Goldberg Chapter 4. Controlling Chaos: the Case of State-Controlled Surrogacy Elly Teman Chapter 5. Adoption and Assisted reproduction Technologies: A Comparative Reading of Israeli Policies Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli and Yoram S. Carmeli PART II: GENE: REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND THE QUEST FOR THE PERFECT CHILD Chapter 6. Genetic Testing and Screening in Religious Groups: Perspectives of Jewish Haredi Communities Barbara Prainsack and Gil Siegal Chapter 7. Ultrasonic Challenges to Pronatalism Tsipi Ivry Chapter 8. Abortion Committees as Agents of Eugenics: Medical and Public Views on Selective Abortion following Mild or Likely Fetal Pathology Nitzan Rimon-Zarfaty and Aviad Raz Chapter 9. Cultural Values in Action: The Israeli Approach to Human Cloning Gali Ben-Or and Vardit Ravitsky PART III: COMMUNITY: A SELF-PORTRAIT WITH TECHNOLOGY Chapter 10. Art, Community and Beyond: Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Israel Interviews with Prof. Nissim Benvenisty and Prof. karl Skorecki Interviewer: Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli Chapter 11. Medicine and the State. The Medicalization of Reproduction in Israel Yali Hashash-Daniel Chapter 12. The Mirth of the Clinic: The Banality of Conception in an Israeli Fertility Clinic Susan M. Kahn Chapter 13. Between Reproductive Citizenship and Consumerism: Attitudes Towards Assisted Reproductive Technologies among Jewish and Arab Israeli Women Larissa Remennick Chapter 14. Ethnography, Exegesis, and Jewish Ethical Reflection: The New Reproductive Technologies in Israel Don Seeman Notes on Contributors