This book provides comprehensive coverage of the methods and issues in the current practice of forensic anthropology. It introduces students to all the major topics in the field, with material ranging from the attribution of ancestry and sex, to various forms of bone trauma, to identification through radiography. Introduction to Forensic Anthropology uses the terminology and best practices recommended by the Scientific Working Group for Forensic Anthropology (SWGANTH). The fifth edition has been fully updated in light of recent developments, incorporating new and improved methods as well as fresh data. The section on human osteology and odontology in particular has been expanded. This accessible and engaging text offers an array of features to support teaching and learning, including: * boxed case studies * extensive figures and photographs * chapter summaries and student exercises * a glossary of terms * further resources via a companion website.
Foreword by Stanley Rhine Preface Chapter 1 Introduction Historical Background Forensic Anthropologists and the Medicolegal Community Forensic Anthropology and Juriceprudence Forensic Anthropology Protocol and the Layout of This Book Methods of Forensic Anthropology Summary * Exercises Chapter 2 Basics of Human Osteology and Odontology Overview of the Human Skeleton Basic Topics in Osteology Overview of the Human Dentition Summary * Exercises Chapter 3 Establishing Medicolegal Significance Distinguishing Bone and Teeth From Other Material Distinguishing Human From Nonhuman Contemporary Versus Noncontemporary Summary * Exercises Chapter 4 Recovery Scene Methods Preliminary Issues Locating Remains Mapping Remains Grave Excavation Remains Disasters Genocide Investigations Summary * Exercises Chapter 5 Estimating Postmortem Interval Overview of Decomposition Decomposition and Skeletonization Animal Scavenging MethodsSummary * Exercises Chapter 6 Initial Treatment and Examination Forensic Anthropology Laboratory Preparation of Remains Reconstruction, Sorting, and Reassembly Inventorying Remains Highly Fragmented Remains Summary * Exercises "/P> Chapter 7 Attribution of Ancestry Anthroposcopic Traits Metric Methods Miscellaneous Ancestral Characteristics Summary * Exercises Chapter 8 Attribution of Sex Sexing the Pelvis Sexing the Skull Miscellaneous Methods Sexing Subadults Other Methods Summary * Exercises Chapter 9 Estimation of Age at Death"/P> Subadults Adults Symphyseal Surface Auricular Surface of the Os Coxa Sternal Rib Ends Cranial Suture Closure Other MethodsSummary * Exercises Chapter 10 Calculation of Stature Basics of Stature Reconstruction Full Skeleton Methods Long Limb Bones Other Skeletal Elements Fleshed Body Segments Partial Long Limb Bones Adjustments to StatureSummary * Exercises Chapter 11 Death, Trauma, and the Skeleton Cause and Manner of Death Basics of Bone Trauma of Forces Causing Trauma Types of Trauma Timing of Bone Injury Summary * Exercises Chapter 12 Projectile Trauma Basics of Ammunition and Firearms Basics of Bullet Travel Effects of Bullets on Bone Bullet Wound Analysis Pellet Wound Analysis Miscellaneous Projectiles Determining Cause and Manner of Death Summary * Exercises Chapter 13 Blunt Trauma Characteristics of Instruments Types of Fractures Effects of Blunt Instruments Wound Analysis Determining Cause and Manner of DeathSummary * Exercises Chapter 14 Sharp and Miscellaneous Trauma Sharp Trauma Effects of Sharp Instruments Wound Analysis Blast Trauma Chemical Trauma Determining Cause and Manner of DeathSummary * Exercises Chapter 15 Antemortem Skeletal Conditions Pathological Conditions Skeletal Anomalies Occupational Stress Markers Summary * Exercises Chapter 16 Postmortem Changes to Bone Dismemberments Animal Scavenging Fire Damage Weathering Burial Damage Water Transport Damage Miscellaneous Summary * Exercises Chapter 17 Additional Aspects of Individualization Facial Approximation Assessing Handedness Estimating Body Weight Summary * Exercises Chapter 18 Obtaining an Identification Positive Identification Probable Identification Miscellaneous Techniques Summary * Exercises Chapter 19 Conclusion Ethical Responsibilities The Final Report Courtroom Testimony Future of Forensic Anthropology Summary References Note on Photography Index